Home
Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Close
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:

facebooktwitter

googlepluspinterest

reddittumblrlinkedin


Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:

facebooktwitter

pinterestgoogle+


Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
 
 
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Cite Print
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Close
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:

facebook twitter

googleplus pinterest

reddit tumblr linkedin


Or email this page to a friend:

The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
 [?]

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

LexiConc
 [?]
 

Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
 [?]
 
Multi-Verse Retrieval
x
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
 
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect
x

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals
x

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans
x

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Jeremiah 3

toggle collapse
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences

The Book of the Prophet Jeremiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET

CHAPTER 3

Jer 3:1-25. GOD'S MERCY NOTWITHSTANDING JUDAH'S VILENESS.

      Contrary to all precedent in the case of adultery, Jehovah offers a return to Judah, the spiritual adulteress ( Jer 3:1-5 ). A new portion of the book, ending with the sixth chapter. Judah worse than Israel; yet both shall be restored in the last days ( Jer 3:6-25 ).

      1. They say--rather, as Hebrew, "saying," in agreement with "the LORD"; Jer 2:37 of last chapter [MAURER]. Or, it is equivalent to, "Suppose this case." Some copyist may have omitted, "The word of the Lord came to me," saying.
      shall he return unto her--will he take her back? It was unlawful to do so ( Deu 24:1-4 ).
      shall not--Should not the land be polluted if this were done?
      yet return-- ( Jer 3:22 Jer 4:1 Zec 1:3; compare Eze 16:51, 58, 60 ). "Nevertheless," &c. (see on JF & B for Isa 50:1).

      2. high places--the scene of idolatries which were spiritual adulteries.
      In. . . ways. . . sat for them--watching for lovers like a prostitute ( Gen 38:14, 21 Pro 7:12 23:28 Eze 16:24, 25 ), and like an Arab who lies in wait for travellers. The Arabs of the desert, east and south of Palestine, are still notorious as robbers.

      3. no latter rain--essential to the crops in Palestine; withheld in judgment ( Lev 26:19; compare Joe 2:23 ).
      whore's forehead-- ( Jer 8:12 Eze 3:8 ).

      4. from this time--not referring, as MICHAELIS thinks, to the reformation begun the year before, that is, the twelfth of Josiah; it means--now at once, now at last.
      me--contrasted with the "stock" whom they had heretofore called on as "father" ( Jer 2:27 Luk 15:18 ).
      thou art--rather, "thou wast."
      guide of. . . youth--that is, husband ( Jer 2:2 Pro 2:17 Hsa 2:7, 15 ). Husband and father are the two most endearing of ties.

      5. he--"thou," the second person, had preceded. The change to the third person implies a putting away of God to a greater distance from them; instead of repenting and forsaking their idols, they merely deprecate the continuance of their punishment. Jer 3:12, answer their question in the event of their penitence.
      spoken and--rather (God's reply to them), "Thou hast spoken (thus), and yet (all the while) thou hast done evil," &c.
      as thou couldest--with all thy might; with incorrigible persistency [CALVIN].

      6. From here to Jer 6:30, is a new discourse, delivered in Josiah's reign. It consists of two parts, the former extending to Jer 4:3, in which he warns Judah from the example of Israel's doom, and yet promises Israel final restoration; the latter a threat of Babylonian invasion; as Nabopolassar founded the Babylonian empire, 625 B.C., the seventeenth of Josiah, this prophecy is perhaps not earlier than that date ( Jer 4:5, &c. Jer 5:14, &c. Jer 6:1, &c. Jer 22:1-30 ); and probably not later than the second thorough reformation in the eighteenth year of the same reign.
      backsliding--literally, "apostasy"; not merely apostate, but apostasy itself, the essence of it ( Jer 3:14, 22 ).

      7. I said-- ( 2Ki 17:13 ).
      sister-- ( Eze 16:46 23:2, 4 ).

      8. I saw that, though (whereas) it was for this very reason (namely), because backsliding (apostate) Israel had committed adultery I had put her away ( 2Ki 17:6, 18 ), and given her a bill of divorce, yet Judah, &c. ( Eze 23:11, &c.).
      bill of divorce--literally, "a writing of cuttings off." The plural implies the completeness of the severance. The use of this metaphor here, as in the former discourse ( Jer 3:1 ), implies a close connection between the discourses. The epithets are characteristic; Israel "apostate" (as the Hebrew for "backsliding" is better rendered); Judah, not as yet utterly apostate, but treacherous or faithless.
      also--herself also, like Israel.

      9. it--Some take this verse of Judah, to whom the end of Jer 3:8 refers. But Jer 3:10 puts Judah in contrast to Israel in this verse. "Yet for all this," referring to the sad example of Israel; if Jer 3:9 referred to Judah, "she" would have been written in Jer 3:10, not "Judah." Translate, "It (the putting away of Israel) had come to pass through. . . whoredom; and (that is, for) she (Israel) had defiled the land" &c. [MAURER]. English Version, however, may be explained to refer to Israel.
      lightness--"infamy." [EWALD]. MAURER not so well takes it from the Hebrew root, "voice," "fame."

      10. yet--notwithstanding the lesson given in Israel's case of the fatal results of apostasy.
      not. . . whole heart--The reformation in the eighteenth year of Josiah was not thorough on the part of the people, for at his death they relapsed into idolatry ( 2Ch 34:33 Hsa 7:14 ).

      11. justified herself--has been made to appear almost just (that is, comparatively innocent) by the surpassing guilt of Judah, who adds hypocrisy and treachery to her sin; and who had the example of Israel to warn her, but in vain (compare Eze 16:51 23:11 ).
      more than--in comparison with.

      12. Go--not actually; but turn and proclaim towards the north (Media and Assyria, where the ten tribes were located by Tiglath-pileser and Shalmaneser, 2Ki 15:29 17:6 18:9, 11 ).
      Return. . . backsliding--Hebrew, Shubah, Meshubah, a play on sounds. In order to excite Judah to godly jealousy ( Rom 11:14 ), Jehovah addresses the exiled ten tribes of Israel with a loving invitation.
      cause. . . anger to fall--literally, "I will not let fall My countenance" (compare Gen 4:5, 6 Job 29:3 ), that is, I will not continue to frown on you.
      keep--"anger" is to be supplied (see on JF & B for Jer 3:5).

      13. Only acknowledge-- ( Deu 30:1, 3 Pro 28:13 ).
      scattered thy ways, &c.-- ( Jer 2:25 ). Not merely the calves at Beth-el, but the idols in every direction, were the objects of their worship ( Eze 16:15, 24, 25 ).

      14. I am married--literally, "I am Lord," that is, husband to you (so Jer 31:32; compare Hsa 2:19, 20 Isa 54:5 ). GESENIUS, following the Septuagint version of Jer 31:32, and Paul's quotation of it ( Hbr 8:9 ), translates, "I have rejected you"; so the corresponding Arabic, and the idea of lordship, may pass into that of looking down upon, and so rejecting. But the Septuagint in this passage translates, "I will be Lord over you." And the "for" has much more force in English Version than in that of GESENIUS. The Hebrew hardly admits the rendering though [HENGSTENBERG].
      take you one of a city--Though but one or two Israelites were in a (foreign) city, they shall not be forgotten; all shall be restored ( Amo 9:9 ). So, in the spiritual Israel, God gathers one convert here, another there, into His Church; not the least one is lost ( Mat 18:14 Rom 11:5; compare Jer 24:5-7 ).
      family--a clan or tribe.

      15. pastors--not religious, but civil rulers, as Zerubbabel, Nehemiah ( Jer 23:4 2:8 ).

      16. they shall say no more--The Jews shall no longer glory in the possession of the ark; it shall not be missed, so great shall be the blessings of the new dispensation. The throne of the Lord, present Himself, shall eclipse and put out of mind the ark of the covenant and the mercy seat between the cherubim, God's former throne. The ark, containing the two tables of the law, disappeared at the Babylonian captivity, and was not restored to the second temple, implying that the symbolical "glory" was to be superseded by a "greater glory" ( Hag 2:9 ).
      neither. . . visit it--rather, "neither shall it be missed" (so in Jer 23:4 ).
      done--rather, "neither shall it (the ark) be made (that is, be restored) any more" [MAURER].

      17. Jerusalem--the whole city, not merely the temple. As it has been the center of the Hebrew theocracy, so it shall be the point of attraction to the whole earth ( Isa 2:2-4 Zec 2:10, 11 14:16-21 ).
      throne of. . . Lord--The Shekinah, the symbol of God's peculiar nearness to Israel ( Deu 4:7 ) shall be surpassed by the antitype, God's own throne in Jerusalem ( Psa 2:6, 8 Eze 34:23, 24 Zec 2:5 ).
      imagination--rather, as Margin, "the obstinacy" or stubbornness.

      18. Judah. . . Israel. . . together--Two distinct apostasies, that of Israel and that of Judah, were foretold ( Jer 3:8, 10 ). The two have never been united since the Babylonish captivity; therefore their joint restoration must be still future ( Isa 11:12, 13 Eze 37:16-22 Hsa 1:11 ).
      north-- ( Jer 3:12 ).
      land. . . given. . . inheritance-- ( Amo 9:15 ).

      19. The good land covenanted to Abraham is to be restored to his seed. But the question arises, How shall this be done?
      put. . . among. . . children--the Greek for adoption means, literally, "putting among the sons."
      the children--that is, My children. "How shall I receive thee back into My family, after thou hast so long forsaken Me for idols?" The answer is, they would acknowledge Him as "Father," and no longer turn away from Him. God assumes the language of one wondering how so desperate apostates could be restored to His family and its privileges (compare Eze 37:3; CALVIN makes it, How the race of Abraham can be propagated again, being as it were dead); yet as His purpose has decreed it so, He shows how it shall be effected, namely, they shall receive from Him the spirit of adoption to cry, "My Father" ( Jhn 1:12 Gal 4:6 ). The elect are "children" already in God's purpose; this is the ground of the subsequent realization of this relationship ( Eph 1:5 Hbr 2:13 ).
      pleasant land-- ( Jer 11:5 Eze 20:6 Dan 11:16, Margin).
      heritage of. . . hosts--a heritage the most goodly of all nations [MAURER]; or a "heritage possessed by powerful hosts" ( Deu 4:38 Amo 2:9 ). The rendering "splendors," instead of "hosts," is opposed by the fact that the Hebrew for "splendor" is not found in the plural.

      20. Surely--rather, "But."
      husband--literally, "friend."

      21. In harmony with the preceding promises of God, the penitential confessions of Israel are heard.
      high places--The scene of their idolatries is the scene of their confessions. Compare Jer 3:23, in which they cast aside their trust in these idolatrous high places. The publicity of their penitence is also implied (compare Jer 7:29 48:38 ).

      22. Jehovah's renewed invitation ( Jer 3:12, 14 ) and their immediate response.
      heal--forgive ( 2Ch 30:18, 20 Hsa 14:4 ).
      unto thee--rather, "in obedience to thee"; literally, "for thee" [ROSENMULLER].

      23. multitude of mountains--that is, the multitude of gods worshipped on them (compare Psa 121:1, 2, Margin).

      24. shame--that is, the idols, whose worship only covers us with shame ( Jer 11:13 Hsa 9:10 ). So far from bringing us "salvation," they have cost us our cattle and even our children, whom we have sacrificed to them.

      25. ( Ezr 9:7 ).

Introduction to Isaiah ← Prior Book
Introduction to Lamentations Next Book →
Commentary on Jeremiah 2 ← Prior Chapter
Commentary on Jeremiah 4 Next Chapter →
CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Loading...

Interlinear
Bibles
Cross-Refs
Commentaries
Dictionaries
Miscellaneous
Verse Tools Arrow
Login to your account

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

 

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

[ Cancel ]← Login to Your Account

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or UsernameUsername or Email Address

 

← Return to Login

Close LoginCLOSE
Tap to Close