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Dr. J. Vernon McGee :: Outline for Micah

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“WHO IS A GOD LIKE UNTO THEE” IN:


I. Proclaiming future judgment for past sins, Chapters 13

A. Prophet’s first message, directed against Samaria, reaches to Jerusalem, Chapter 1

B. Prophet’s second message describes specific sins, Chapter 2

C. Prophet’s third message denounces leaders for sins, Chapter 3

II. Prophesying future glory because of past promises, Chapters 4, 5

A. Prophecies of last days, Chapter 4

B. Prophecy of first coming of Christ before second coming and kingdom, Chapter 5

III. Pleading present repentance because of past redemption, Chapter 6

IV. Pardoning all iniquity because of who God is and what He does, Chapter 7




COMMENT:

I. Proclaiming future judgment for past sins, Chapters 13

A. Prophet’s first message, directed against Samaria, reaches to Jerusalem, Chapter 1

v. 1 — Samaria is the capital of the Northern Kingdom. One of the golden calves is there. Micah prophesies to both kingdoms, but primarily to the Northern Kingdom.

v. 2 — “All ye people” is a call to all the world to hear how God is going to judge Samaria.

v. 3 — The Assyrian is God’s instrument of judgment.

v. 4 — This prophecy, as well as the remaining prophecies, look beyond the local fulfillment to the personal return of Christ to the earth in judgment.

v. 5 — Jerusalem, with its temple and service, is the appointed place of worship, but now it has become just another high place of heathen worship. Even today going to church can become an evil.

v. 6 — The remainder of the chapter describes prophetically the destruction of Samaria by Assyria, as recorded historically in 2 Kings 17:3-18.

vv. 8-16 — A lamentation of Micah. The meaning of names reveals a play upon words:

Gath (v. 10): weep-town (“Weep not in weep-town,” cf. 2 Sam. 1:20)
Aphrah: dust-town
Saphir (v. 11): beauty-town
Zaanan: march-town
Maroth (v. 12): bitterness
Lachish (v. 13): horse-town
Achzib (v. 14): lie-town

The Assyrian came to the gate of Jerusalem but did not enter (v. 12).

B. Prophet’s second message describes specific sins, Chapter 2

v. 1 — They spend their time in bed plotting and planning to do evil the next day.

v. 2 — Covetousness, violence, and oppression are the sins of Samaria, also of Jerusalem.

vv. 3-6 — The Lord responds by stating that He, too, is plotting evil (i.e., what they would call evil, because it is judgment against them).

v. 7 — God’s word will be received by His people who obey Him, and it will be rejected when they do not obey.

v. 8 — They oppress the poor.

v. 9 — They have problems of the slums. The landlords are heartless.

v. 11 — They want to hear false prophets approve and applaud drunkenness.

vv. 12, 13 — The Lord will ultimately regather the remnant.

C. Prophet’s third message denounces leaders for sins, Chapter 3

vv. 1-4(a) Sins of princes: Injustice — they love evil and hate good.

vv. 5-8(b) Sins of prophets: They declare peace — cause people to err. Micah is declaring God’s word by the power of the Spirit (v. 8).

vv. 9-12(c) Sins of leaders of Jerusalem: Injustice of rulers and love of money of prophets. Frightful judgment coming to Jerusalem (v. 12).

II. Prophesying future glory because of past promises, Chapters 4, 5

A. Prophecies of last days, Chapter 4

vv. 1-3 — This is a prediction of the millennial kingdom, with Jerusalem as the center of worship and government. At that time swords will be beaten into plowshares (v. 3).

v. 4 — This is the millennial kingdom (see Zechariah 3:10) and pictures the security of Israel.

v. 5 — The American Standard Version gives a better understanding of this verse:

For all the peoples walk every one in the name of his god; and we will walk in the name of Jehovah our God for ever and ever.

vv. 6-8 — Israel is to be regathered.

vv. 9, 10 — The Babylonian captivity was also in the future at the time of this writing and would intervene before the regathering of Israel.

v. 11 — This part of the prophecy looks beyond to the time of Armageddon, which ends the Great Tribulation in the coming of Christ to the earth.

B. Prophecy of first coming of Christ, before second coming and kingdom, Chapter 5

v. 1 — This verse probably belongs to the last chapter, as it is in the Hebrew text, and awaits future fulfillment. Or it could apply to King Zedekiah (2 Kings 25:7).

v. 2 — This was quoted by the scribes to Herod when the wise men came, looking for “he that is born King of the Jews” (Matthew 2:2; see also Matthew 2:5, 6).

In His humanity Christ came from Bethlehem;
In His deity Christ came from eterni
ty.

vv. 3-15 — Christ is a shepherd to both Israel and the church. This bridges the gap between the first and second comings of Christ — and beyond the second coming. It covers both the period of the church and the kingdom.

III. Pleading present repentance because of past redemption, Chapter 6

vv. 1, 2 — This is the beginning of the third and final message of Micah to the nations of the world and to Israel in particular. Jehovah has a contention with His people, Israel.

v. 3 — Jehovah pleads with His people to bring a charge against Him.

v. 4 — He recites their past history — how He redeemed them out of Egypt.

v. 5 — God did not permit Balaam to curse His people.

vv. 6, 7 — These were the things that Israel was doing that displeased (not pleased) God.

v. 8 — The condition of the heart and its relation to God are the primary considerations in the Old Testament religion. The externalities of religion were only of value in ratio to the condition of the heart (see Matthew 7:21-23; 23:25, 26; Romans 10:9, 10).

vv. 9-12 — God cannot overlook dishonesty, violence, crookedness, lying, and deceit.

vv. 13-15 — God would judge them then and now.

v. 16 — They follow in the way of Omri and Ahab. These two kings, father and son, were set aside and judged severely.

IV. Pardoning all iniquity because of who God is and what He does, Chapter 7

vv. 1-9 — The prophet confesses that God is accurate in His complaint against Israel.

vv. 10-17 — Judgment is coming in spite of past and future blessings. The land shall also be judged. It shall be desolate.

vv. 18, 19 — There is no one or no thing to which God can be compared. He has no equal. He is greatest when He pardons sins. He alone can forgive sin (Mark 2:7). He made the supreme sacrifice so He could forgive sin. John 3:16 belongs with this section.
He delights and yearns to forgive sins. Sinners must come His way (John 14:6).

v. 20 — God will perform His promises to Abraham and Jacob because He is the truth, and He can show mercy.

Notes for Micah ← Prior Section
Notes for Nahum Next Section →
Notes for Jonah ← Prior Book
Notes for Nahum Next Book →
CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.