I. NOW THAT THE TABERNACLE IS SET UP, GOD GIVES TO MOSES INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE VARIOUS SACRIFICES AND OFFERINGS THAT ARE TO MADE BEFORE THE LORD.
A. In the latter part of chapter 7 we have a listing of the various offerings and sacrifices.
This [is] the law of the burnt offering, of the meat offering, and of the sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecrations, and of the sacrifice of the peace offerings;
1. Verse 2: "If any man." Whosoever will.
2. Verse 3, First offering described is burnt sacrifice. This was the offering of dedication or consecration.
B. All of the offerings pre-figure Jesus Christ.
1. These first offerings were known as sweet savor offerings.
2. The fat and the dough were to be roasted on the fire of the altar. What smells better than the barbecue or baking bread?
3. EPH 5:2
: "And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour."
1. Male without blemish
2. Offered by his own voluntary will.
1. Put hand on head (Thus identifying himself with the sacrifice).
2. He then was to kill the sacrifice.
3. Aaron's sons were to then dip their finger in the blood and wipe it on the horn of the altar of incense which was before the veil. The rest of the blood was poured out at the base of the altar.
4. Wood was to be placed in order on the altar, and then the inward legs were to be burned on the altar. An offering made by fire, a sweet savor to the Lord.
5. The offering may be a bullock, lamb, goat, turtledoves or pigeons, if you were poor.
II. CHAPTER 2: THE SWEET SAVOR MEAL OFFERINGS.
A. The meal offering. Bringing the fruit of labor, thus a dedication of my service to God.
1. Fine flour, pour oil upon it and frankincense.
2. The priest was to take a handful of the dough and burn it on the fire.
3. The remainder was to belong to Aaron and his sons.
4. It could be baked in an oven, in a pan, or a frying pan.
5. Again a portion placed in the fire as a memorial, the rest to go to Aaron and sons.
6. It was to be baked without leaven.
a. In the scriptures, leaven is a type of sin.
b. It was the starter dough that caused the batch of dough to rise by a fermentation process.
c. Jesus said to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees which was hypocrisy.
d. Paul commanded the church to purge out the leaven, because a little leaven leavens the whole lump.
7. There also was to be no honey, which represents natural sweetness.
8. They were to be seasoned with salt.
B. Again this offering is representative of Jesus, our sweet smelling sacrifice. No sin in Him and the graciousness of His love could not be represented as natural sweetness. Jesus brings flavor and zest to our lives.
III. CHAPTER 3: THE PEACE OFFERINGS.
A. This was the offering of fellowship with God. Again, this was made possible by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ for us. The veil of the temple was rent when He died. The door was thus opened for all men to come and fellowship with God.
B. It could be male or female, but had to be without blemish.
C. Again the laying of the hand on the head, thus, identifying with the sacrifice.
D. It was to be killed at the door of the tabernacle, and the blood sprinkled around the altar.
E. All the fat and the kidneys were to be burned on the fire.
F. It could be a lamb or a goat.
G. They were never to eat the fat or the blood.
H. Part of the offering to be offered on the altar, the rest roasted and eaten by the offerer. The beautiful picture of eating with God, and according to their culture, becoming one with Him.
I. Note how in His ministry Jesus loved to eat with people.
IV. CHAPTER 4: THE SIN OFFERING TO BE OFFERED FOR SINS OF IGNORANCE. (IGNORANCE OF THE LAW IS NO EXCUSE.)
A. A young bullock without blemish.
B. Laying hand on the head thus identifying with the sacrifice. I deserve to die but this animal is dying in my place.
C. The animal was then killed, and the priest would put his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the altar of incense in the tabernacle. Some of the blood was to be put on the horns of the altar. The majority of the blood was to be poured at the base of the altar of sacrifice in the courtyard.
D. All of the fat was to be trimmed off of the meat, and with the kidneys it was to be burned on the fire.
E. The rest of the bullock was to be taken outside of the camp and burned with fire.
F. This was to be done for the sins of the priests, verse 3. For the whole congregation of Israel, verse
13. For the rulers, verse
22. For the common person, verse 27.
G. A lamb could be used in place of the bullock, verse 32.
H. This would make atonement for the sin. Word atonement in Hebrew is kawfar or covering.
I. "And he shall be forgiven." What beautiful words.
Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose] sin [is] covered.
Blessed [is] the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit [there is] no guile.
J. It was not possible that the blood of bulls or goats could take away their sin, Hebrews 10:4
, only cover it, kophar.
V. CHAPTER 5: THE TRESPASS OFFERING.
A. The difference between sin and trespass. Note that with the sin offering the word ignorance was used. The word sin means to miss the mark. You may sin without ever knowing it. You may sin even when trying to hit the mark. Trespass is a knowing deliberate transgression.
B. The various trespasses described.
1. If you try to cover for someone else that you have observed commiting a crime and do not report it, you become an accessory to their crime. You bear their guilt.
2. If you touch an unclean thing.
a. Carcass of a dead animal.
b. The uncleaness of a man.
c. If you take a rash vow, whether good or evil, when you realize how foolish it was, you are guilty and must offer a trespass offering to break the vow.
d. Unintentionally defiling something that is holy.
C. What you are to do.
1. You must confess your sin, verse 5.
2. You must bring a trespass offering.
D. The trespass offering.
1. A female from the flock.
2. It could be a lamb or a kid of the goats.
3. If you cannot afford a lamb or kid, you could bring two turtledoves or pigeons. One for the sin offering the other for a burnt offering.
4. If you are too poor to bring the turtledoves you could bring approximately three quarts of fine flour.
a. This was not to have any oil or frankincense.
b. A handful was to be sprinkled on the fire as a sin offering and the sin was forgiven. The rest of the flour was given to the priest.
5. The offering for the holy thing that was unintentionally defiled was to be:
a. An unblemished ram from out of his flock.
b. Restitution of the estimated cost, plus 20%.
E. Again, even sins of ignorance are not pardoned without sacrifice, verse 17.
VI. CHAPTER 6: THE TRESPASS OFFERING CONTINUED, AND THE RESTITUTION THAT WAS TO BE MADE.
A. The various trespasses described.
1. Lying to you neighbor about something that he delivered to you to keep for him. Maybe telling him it was stolen from you.
2. You took something away from another by violence.
3. You found a lost article and did not return it, but lied and denied finding it, verse 3.
B. What must be done about your guilt.
1. You must restore the items.
2. You are then to add 20%.
3. You then were to bring your trespass offering.
a. A ram without blemish.
b. Verse 7: And the priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord and it shall be forgiven him.
C. The law of the burnt offering, verse 8.
1. It was to burned upon the altar all night.
2. The priest was to put on his linen garment and take the ashes that the fire had consumed and place them beside the altar.
3. He then is to change his garments and carry the ashes out of the camp to a clean place.
4. The fire of the altar was never to go out. They were to put fresh wood on the fire every morning and the fat of the peace offering was to be burned each morning.
5. The fire was to never go out, verse 13.
D. The law of the meal offering, verse 15.
1. The sons of Aaron were to offer it.
2. A handful of the flour mixed with oil and frankincense is to be burned on the fire as a sweet-smelling savor. The remainder was to eaten by Aaron and his sons in the holy place, and in the court of the tabernacle.
3. It was not be baked with leaven.
4. It was given unto the priests for their portion. It was to be eaten by all the males of Aaron's family.
5. Everyone that touches the things that were sacrificed shall be holy.
E. The daily offerings that were to made by the priests.
1. Aproximately 3 quarts of fine flour mixed with oil, half in the morning and half in the evening.
2. It was to be baked in a pan as a sweet-smelling savor to the Lord.
3. It was to be wholly burnt and was not to be eaten.
F. The law for the sin offering.
1. It was to be offered in the same place as the burnt offering.
2. The priest was to eat it in the holy place.
3. If any of the blood was sprinkled on the garment of the priest, that garment was to be washed in the holy place.
4. If you boiled the meat in a clay pot, that pot was to be broken.
5. If it was boiled in a brass pot, it was to be scoured throughly.
6. All of the males of the priesthood could eat it, but if it was offered for atonement or covering for sin, it was not to eaten, but burned in the fire.
VII. CHAPTER 7: THE LAW OF THE TRESPASS OFFERING.
A. To be killed in the same place as the burnt offering and sin offering.
B. The blood was to be sprinkled about the altar.
C. All of the fat was to be offered on the fire.
D. The priests were to eat the meat in the holy place. The rule was the same as for the sin offering.
E. Of the burnt offerings, the priests were to get the hides.
F. The meal offerings mixed with oil were to be divided among the priests.
VIII. VERSE 11: THE LAW OF THE PEACE OFFERINGS.
A. It was an offering of thanksgiving.
1. Unleavened cakes mingled with oil.
2. Unleavened cakes anointed with oil Or dipped in the olive oil.
3. Beside these unleavened cakes, he was to offer for his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving.
4. The flesh of the sacrifice of the peace offering was to be eaten the same day. None was to left overnight.
5. If the offering was related to a vow, what was left could be eaten the next day. What was left the third day was to be burned.
6. If you eat any of the meat on the third day, the sacrifice would be rejected.
7. This rule of not eating of the sacrifice on the third day was very strict. It was an abomination and whoever would do that would have to bear his iniquity.
8. If the flesh touched an unclean thing, it was to be burned and not eaten.
B. Things that they were forbidden to eat, verse 23.
1. No fat.
2. The fat of a beast that died or had been torn by a wild animal, they could use for other purposes.
3. They were to eat no manner of blood.
C. The portion of the peace offering that was to given to Aaron and his sons.
1. Whoever offered the sacrifice received the right shoulder.
This [is] the law of the burnt offering, of the meat offering, and of the sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecrations, and of the sacrifice of the peace offerings.