Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


The Blue Letter Bible

Don Stewart :: What Year Was Jesus Born?

Choose a new font size and typeface
Don Stewart

Though we know Jesus actually existed, the exact year in which Jesus was born is a subject of dispute. There have been various theories as to the exact year of His birth.

The Time Before And After Christ

After the Roman Empire became Christianized, an attempt was made to date events before, and after, the birth of Christ. Our calendars today recognize the fact of Jesus coming. The letters B.C. stands for "before Christ. The letters A.D. is the Latin Anno Domini, which stands for "In the year of our Lord."

Herod Was Still Alive When Jesus Was Born

We know that Christ was born some time before the death of King Herod. It was Herod who sent the Magi to find the place where the Christ had been born (Matthew 2). Herod later sent the soldiers to slaughter the innocents of Bethlehem (Matthew 2).

How Could Christ Have Been Born B.C.?

In modern times, the death of Herod has been commonly believed to have occurred in the year 4 B.C. Recently, however, there has been evidence brought forward to revise the date to 1 B.C. If this is the case, then Christ had to have been born sometime before 1 B.C. How can this be? How could Christ have been born before Himself?

History's Greatest Mathematical Error

The source of this problem goes back to a sixth century Roman monk/mathematician named Dionysius Exiguus (Dionysius the little). In attempting to calculate the year of the birth of Christ this monk made a simple error that had profound implications. Dionysius dated the birth of Christ as 753 years from the founding of Rome.

The problem with this calculation is that Herod died only 751 years after Rome's founding. Since Herod was still alive after Christ was born, we have an error of at least four years. Though Dionysius gave the correct date for the founding of Rome, he was incorrect in his calculations for the birth of Christ. The chronology of Dionysius was incorporated into our calendars with the miscalculation about the birth of Christ undiscovered.

The Same Error Is Found Today

To this day, our calendars reflect this error. Thus the birth of Christ was probably occurred sometime in the years 3/2 B.C., a couple of years before Himself! Consequently if we are adding up the years from Christ's birth, until the present year, we need to add about two or three years to our current calendar year to get the approximate date of when He was born. Thus the year 2000 would have actually been more like 2002 years from the birth of Christ.


As to the exact year in which Jesus was born, we do not know. It was obviously before the death of King Herod, the most likely date of which is now assumed to be 1 B.C. Because of the error of Dionysius Exiguus, the sixth century monk/ mathematician, our calendars are off at least two years. Thus to calculate the date when Christ was born from our present calendars, we should probably add at least two years to our current year to have the approximate year He was born. This error, we should stress, is not a mistake of the Bible. It is, rather, a miscalculation made in the sixth century A.D. in an attempt to date the birth of Christ. The Bible itself does not give the exact year for the birth of Christ.

BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.