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The Blue Letter Bible

Don Stewart :: Who Are the Seraphim?

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Don Stewart
There are heavenly beings called "seraphs" or "seraphim" in the Book of Isaiah. Seraphs, or seraphim, is the plural form of the word "seraph." The Bible gives this description of them.

Seraphs were in attendance above him; each had six wings: with two they covered their faces, and with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew. Then one of the seraphs flew to me, holding a live coal that had been taken from the altar with a pair of tongs (Isaiah 6:2,6).

This is the only Scriptural reference to the seraphim. The word means "the burning ones." In the context of Isaiah, the seraphim are connected with God's throne and His holiness. They are standing and serving before the throne, awaiting His commands.


The seraphim have six wings- two that covered the face, two over the feet, and they fly with other two. If they are angels, they have a different appearance from all the other ones in Scripture. They also have a different appearance than the cherubim.

Agent In Isaiah Purification

The seraphim were engaged in the purification of the prophet Isaiah.

And I said: "Woe is me! I am lost, for I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips; yet my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!" The seraph touched my mouth with it and said: "Now that this has touched your lips, your guilt has departed and your sin is blotted out" (Isaiah 6:5,7).


The seraphim, or burning ones, are only mentioned in this passage in Isaiah. They are somehow connected with the throne of God. They do not appear in the form of men as do other angels, but seem to be a higher rank of angel. Though, like the cherubim, they are depicted as having wings, they are a different order of angelic creatures.
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