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The Blue Letter Bible

Don Stewart :: Who Are the Seven Spirits?

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Don Stewart

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A number of times in the Book of Revelation there is a reference to the "seven Spirits."

John, to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from Him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven Spirits who are before His throne (Revelation 1:4).

And to the angel of the church of Sardis write, "These things says He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars (Revelation 3:1).

References to the seven Spirits are also made in Revelation 4:5 and 5:6. Who are these "Spirits"?

One Holy Spirit

Again, we emphasize that the Bible teaches there is only one Holy Spirit:

But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually as He wills (1 Corinthians 12:11).

To this verse many others could be added. The united testimony of Scripture is that there is only one Spirit of God.

Consequently, this expression "seven Spirits" does not refer to seven different spirits. It could refer to the different ways the Spirit of God expresses Himself.

Some see an explanation of the seven Spirits in the Book of Isaiah:

The Spirit of the Lord shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord (Isaiah 11:2).

Therefore, the "seven Spirits" are not different spirits but most likely refer to the complex ministry of the one Holy Spirit.

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