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The Blue Letter Bible

Don Stewart :: What Was the Relationship of the Holy Spirit to the Earthly Life of Jesus?

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Don Stewart

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The Holy Spirit is not only related to Jesus in His deity, as a member of the Trinity, He is also related to Jesus in His humanity.


The Scriptures teach that the Holy Spirit was involved in the conception of Jesus.

And the angel answered (Mary) and said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God" (Luke 1:35).

The Holy Spirit, through the Virgin Mary, conceived the child Jesus.


The Holy Spirit was also involved in Jesus baptism. When John baptized Him, the Holy Spirit descended in a bodily form, identifying Jesus as the Messiah.

And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which said, "You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased" (Luke 3:22).


Luke records that Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.

Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness (Luke 4:1).

Public Ministry

The public ministry of Jesus was performed through the power of the Holy Spirit.

Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and the news of Him went out through all the surrounding region (Luke 4:14).

Jesus Himself testified that the Spirit of the Lord was upon Him.

The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed . . . Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing (Luke 4:18,21).


During His public ministry, Jesus performed miracles by the power of the Holy Spirit.

But, if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you (Matthew 12:28).

The signs He performed were done in obedience to the Father through the agency of the Holy Spirit.

The Resurrection

The Holy Spirit was also at work in the resurrection of Christ.

But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you (Romans 8:11).

The Spirit of God brought Jesus back from the dead.

Therefore, as we study Scripture we find the Holy Spirit played a vital role in the life and ministry of Jesus being involved with Him from His conception through His resurrection.

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