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Lexicon :: Strong's G4190 - ponēros

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πονηρός
Transliteration
ponēros
Pronunciation
po-nā-ro's (Key)
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From a derivative of πόνος (G4192)
mGNT
78x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
77x in 21 unique form(s)
LXX
294x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:546,912

Trench's Synonyms: lxxxiv. κακός, πονηρός, φαῦλος.

Strong’s Definitions

πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. full of labours, annoyances, hardships

    1. pressed and harassed by labours

    2. bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble

  2. bad, of a bad nature or condition

    1. in a physical sense: diseased or blind

    2. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad

      Referring to Mat 6:13: "Although the KJV renders this 'deliver us from evil,' the presence of the article indicates not evil in general, but the evil one himself. In the context of Matthew's Gospel, such deliverance from the devil seems to be linked to Jesus' temptation in 4:1-10: Because the Spirit led him into temptation by the evil one, believers now participate in his victory" (Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, p. 233).
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.
STRONGS NT 4190: πονηρός
πονηρός (on the accent cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 3 Göttling, Lehre v., Accent, p. 304f; (Chandler §§ 404, 405); Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 26), πονηρά, πονηρόν; comparitive πονηρότερος (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26); (πονέω, πόνος); from Hesiod (Homer (ep. 15, 20), Theog.) down; the Sept. often for רַע;
1. full of labors, annoyances, hardships;
a. pressed and harassed by labors; thus Hercules is called πονηροτατος καί ἄριστος, Hesiod fragment 43, 5.
b. bringing toils, annoyances, perils: (καιρός, Sir. 51:12); ἡμέρα πονηρά, of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness, Ephesians 5:16; Ephesians 6:13 (so in the plural ἡμέραι πονηραί the Epistle of Barnabas 2, 1 [ET]); causing pain and trouble (A. V. grievous), ἕλκος, Revelation 16:2.
2. bad, of a bad nature or condition;
a. in a physical sense: ὀφθαλμός, diseased or blind, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34 (πονηρία ὀφθαλμῶν, Plato, Hipp., min., p. 374 d.; the Greeks use πονηρῶς ἔχειν or διακεῖσθαι of the sick; ἐκ γενετῆς πονηρούς ὑγιεῖς πεποιηκέναι, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 22 ((cf. Otto's note); others take πονηρός in Matthew and Luke as above ethically; cf. b. and Meyer on Matt.)); καρπός, Matthew 7:17f.
b. in an ethical sense, evil, wicked, bad, etc. ("this use of the word is due to its association with the working (largely the servile) class; not that contempt for labor is thereby expressed, for such words as ἐργάτης, δραστηρ, and the like, do not take on this evil sense, which connected itself only with a word expressive of unintermitted toil and carrying no suggestion of results" (cf. Schmidt, chapter 85, § 1); see κακία, at the end); of persons: Matthew 7:11; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 18:32; Matthew 25:26; Luke 6:45; Luke 11:13; Luke 19:22; Acts 17:5; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Timothy 3:13; γενεά πονηρά, Matthew 12:39, 45; Matthew 16:4; Luke 11:29; πνεῦμα πονηρόν, an evil spirit (see πνεῦμα, 3 c.), Matthew 12:45; Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Luke 11:26; Acts 19:12f, 15f; substantively οἱ πονηροί, the wicked, bad men, opposed to οἱ δίκαιοι, Matthew 13:49; πονηροί καί ἀγαθοί, Matthew 5:45; Matthew 22:10; ἀχάριστοι καί πονηροί, Luke 6:35; τόν πονηρόν, the wicked man, i. e. the evil-doer spoken of, 1 Corinthians 5:13; τῷ πονηρῷ, the evil man, who injures you, Matthew 5:39. πονηρός is used pre-eminently of the devil, the evil one: Matthew 5:37; Matthew 6:13; Matthew 13:19, 38; Luke 11:4 R L; John 17:15; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18f (on which see κεῖμαι, 2{c}); Ephesians 6:16. of things: αἰών, Galatians 1:4; ὄνομα (which see 1, p. 447a bottom), Luke 6:22; ῤᾳδιούργημα, Acts 18:14; the heart as a storehouse out of which a man brings forth πονηρά words is called θησαυρός πονηρός, Matthew 12:35; Luke 6:45; συνείδησις πονηρά, a soul conscious of wickedness (conscious wickedness; see συνείδησις, b. sub at the end), Hebrews 10:22; καρδία πονηρά ἀπιστίας, an evil heart such as is revealed in distrusting (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 24; Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4), Hebrews 3:12; ὀφθαλμός (which see), Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22; διαλογισμοί, Matthew 15:19; James 2:4; ὑπόνοιαι, 1 Timothy 6:4; καύχησις; James 4:16; ῤῆμα, a reproach, Matthew 5:11 (R G; others omit ῤῆμα); λόγοι, 3 John 1:10; ἔργα, John 3:19; John 7:7; 1 John 3:12; 2 John 1:11; Colossians 1:21; ἔργον (according to the context) wrong committed against me, 2 Timothy 4:18; αἰτία, charge of crime, Acts 25:18 L T Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading The neuter πονηρόν, and τό πονηρόν, substantively, evil, that which is wicked: εἶδος πονηροῦ (see εἶδος, 2; (others take πονηροῦ here as an adjective, and bring the example under εἶδος, 1 (R. V. marginal reading appearance of evil))), 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (where τοῦ πονηροῦ is held by many to be the genitive of the masculine πονηρός, but cf. Lünemann ad loc.); (τί πονηρόν, Acts 28:21); opposed to τό ἀγαθόν, Luke 6:45; Romans 12:9; plural (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 2), Matthew 9:4; Luke 3:19; wicked deeds, Acts 25:18 Tr text WH text; ταῦτα τά πονηρά, these evil things i. e. the vices just enumerated, Mark 7:23.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
5:11; 5:37; 5:39; 5:45; 6:13; 6:23; 7:11; 7:17; 9:4; 12:34; 12:35; 12:39; 12:45; 12:45; 12:45; 13:19; 13:38; 13:49; 15:19; 16:4; 18:32; 20:15; 22:10; 25:26
Mark
7:22; 7:23
Luke
3:19; 6:22; 6:35; 6:45; 6:45; 6:45; 7:21; 8:2; 11:4; 11:13; 11:26; 11:26; 11:29; 11:34; 19:22
John
3:19; 7:7; 17:15
Acts
17:5; 18:14; 19:12; 19:15; 25:18; 25:18; 28:21
Romans
12:9
1 Corinthians
5:13
Galatians
1:4
Ephesians
5:16; 6:13; 6:16
Colossians
1:21
1 Thessalonians
5:22
2 Thessalonians
3:2; 3:3
1 Timothy
6:4
2 Timothy
3:13; 4:18
Hebrews
3:12; 10:22
James
2:4; 4:16
1 John
2:13; 3:12; 3:12; 5:18
2 John
1:11
3 John
1:10
Revelation
16:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4190 matches the Greek πονηρός (ponēros),
which occurs 90 times in 72 verses in the Greek concordance of the NASB

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 5:11–Gal 1:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:11 - “Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:37 - All you need to say is simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:39 - But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:45 - that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:13 - And lead us not into temptation,[fn] but deliver us from the evil one.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:23 - But if your eyes are unhealthy,[fn] your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light within you is darkness, how great is that darkness!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:11 - If you, then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:17 - Likewise, every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad tree bears bad fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:18 - A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:4 - Knowing their thoughts, Jesus said, “Why do you entertain evil thoughts in your hearts?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:34 - You brood of vipers, how can you who are evil say anything good? For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:35 - A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in him, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:39 - He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:45 - Then it goes and takes with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there. And the final condition of that person is worse than the first. That is how it will be with this wicked generation.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:19 - When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in their heart. This is the seed sown along the path.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:49 - This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:19 - For out of the heart come evil thoughts—murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:4 - A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.” Jesus then left them and went away.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:32 - “Then the master called the servant in. ‘You wicked servant,’ he said, ‘I canceled all that debt of yours because you begged me to.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:15 - Don’t I have the right to do what I want with my own money? Or are you envious because I am generous?’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:10 - So the servants went out into the streets and gathered all the people they could find, the bad as well as the good, and the wedding hall was filled with guests.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:26 - “His master replied, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:22 - adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:23 - All these evils come from inside and defile a person.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:19 - But when John rebuked Herod the tetrarch because of his marriage to Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the other evil things he had done,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:22 - Blessed are you when people hate you, when they exclude you and insult you and reject your name as evil, because of the Son of Man.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:35 - But love your enemies, do good to them, and lend to them without expecting to get anything back. Then your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High, because he is kind to the ungrateful and wicked.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:45 - A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:21 - At that very time Jesus cured many who had diseases, sicknesses and evil spirits, and gave sight to many who were blind.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:2 - and also some women who had been cured of evil spirits and diseases: Mary (called Magdalene) from whom seven demons had come out;
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:13 - If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:26 - Then it goes and takes seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there. And the final condition of that person is worse than the first.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:29 - As the crowds increased, Jesus said, “This is a wicked generation. It asks for a sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:34 - Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eyes are healthy,[fn] your whole body also is full of light. But when they are unhealthy,[fn] your body also is full of darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:22 - “His master replied, ‘I will judge you by your own words, you wicked servant! You knew, did you, that I am a hard man, taking out what I did not put in, and reaping what I did not sow?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:19 - This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:7 - The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify that its works are evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:15 - My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 17:5 - But other Jews were jealous; so they rounded up some bad characters from the marketplace, formed a mob and started a riot in the city. They rushed to Jason’s house in search of Paul and Silas in order to bring them out to the crowd.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:14 - Just as Paul was about to speak, Gallio said to them, “If you Jews were making a complaint about some misdemeanor or serious crime, it would be reasonable for me to listen to you.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:12 - so that even handkerchiefs and aprons that had touched him were taken to the sick, and their illnesses were cured and the evil spirits left them.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:13 - Some Jews who went around driving out evil spirits tried to invoke the name of the Lord Jesus over those who were demon-possessed. They would say, “In the name of the Jesus whom Paul preaches, I command you to come out.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:15 - One day the evil spirit answered them, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know about, but who are you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:16 - Then the man who had the evil spirit jumped on them and overpowered them all. He gave them such a beating that they ran out of the house naked and bleeding.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 25:18 - When his accusers got up to speak, they did not charge him with any of the crimes I had expected.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:21 - They replied, “We have not received any letters from Judea concerning you, and none of our people who have come from there has reported or said anything bad about you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 12:9 - Love must be sincere. Hate what is evil; cling to what is good.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 5:13 - God will judge those outside. “Expel the wicked person from among you.”[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 1:4 - who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father,

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