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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G1042 - gabbatha

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gabbatha (Key)
Part of Speech
proper locative noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Of Aramaic origin cf גַּב (H1355)
1x in 1 unique form(s)
1x in 1 unique form(s)
0x in 0 unique form(s)
Strong’s Definitions

γαββαθά gabbathá, gab-bath-ah'; of Chaldee origin (compare H1355); the knoll; gabbatha, a vernacular term for the Roman tribunal in Jerusalem:—Gabbatha.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1x

The KJV translates Strong's G1042 in the following manner: Gabbatha (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 1x
The KJV translates Strong's G1042 in the following manner: Gabbatha (1x).
  1. Gabbatha = "elevated or a platform"

    1. a raised place, elevation

      "This place, in the Greek tongue, was called 'Lithostrotos'; or 'the pavement of stones', as the Syriac version renders it: it is thought to be the room 'Gazith', in which the sanhedrim sat in the temple when they tried capital causes; and it was so called, because it was paved with smooth, square, hewn stones: it was in the north part; half of it was holy, and half of it common; and it had two doors, one for that part which was holy, and another for that which was common; and in that half which was common the sanhedrim sat." (John Gill—Comments on Jhn 19:13)

      "The word for 'Pavement' is found nowhere else in the New Testament [outside of Jhn 19:13], but its Hebrew equivalent occurs just once in the Old Testament, and it is evident that the Holy Spirit would have us link the two passages together. In 2Ki 16:17 we read, 'King Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brazen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.' In Ahaz's case, his act was the conclusive token of his surrender to abject apostasy. So here of Pilate coming down to the level of the apostate Jews. In the former case it was a Jewish ruler dominated by a Gentile idolater; in the latter, a Gentile idolater dominated by Jews who had rejected their Messiah!" (Arthur W. Pink, Exposition of the Gospel of John, p. 1038)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
γαββαθά gabbathá, gab-bath-ah'; of Chaldee origin (compare H1355); the knoll; gabbatha, a vernacular term for the Roman tribunal in Jerusalem:—Gabbatha.
Γαββαθᾶ [-θά WH], , indeclinable, Gabbatha, Chaldean גַּבְּתָא, (Hebrew גַּב, the back); hence, a raised place, an elevation, (cf. C. F. A. Fritzsche, Ueber die Verdienste Tholucks as above with, p. 102f; Delitzsch in the Zeitschr. f. luth. Theol. for 1876, p. 605; [Wünsche, Neue Beiträge as above with p. 560]; but see the somewhat different opinion of Keim, Jesu von Nazara, iii. 365): John 19:13, where is added the rather loose interpretation λιθόστρωτον, i. e. a stone pavement, which some interpreters think was a portable pavement, or the square blocks such as the Roman generals carried with them, to be laid down not only under their seats in general, but also under those they occupied in administering justice (cf. Suetonius, Julius Caesar 46 and Casaubon at the passage). This opinion is opposed by the circumstance that John is not accustomed to add a Greek interpretation except to the Hebrew names of fixed Jewish localities, cf. John 5:2; John 9:7; John 19:17; and that this is so in the present case is evident from the fact that he has said εἰς τόπον, i. e. in a definite locality which had that name. Besides, it cannot be proved that that custom of the military commanders was followed also by the governors of provinces residing in cities. Doubtless the Chaldaic name was given to the spot from its shape, the Greek name from the nature of its pavement. Cf. below under λιθόστρωτον; Winers RWB under the word Lithostroton; [BB. DD. under the word Gabbatha; Tholuck, Beiträge zur Spracherklärung as above with p. 119ff].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

5:2; 9:7; 19:13; 19:17

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1042 matches the Greek Γαββαθᾶ (gabbatha),
which occurs 1 times in 1 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 19:13 - When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. G1042
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