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Lexicon :: Strong's G1344 - dikaioō

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δικαιόω
Transliteration
dikaioō (Key)
Pronunciation
dik-ah-yo'-o
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
39x in 24 unique form(s)
TR
40x in 26 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 2:211,168

Strong’s Definitions

δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x

The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 40x
The KJV translates Strong's G1344 in the following manner: justify (37x), be freed (1x), be righteous (1x), justifier (1x).
  1. to render righteous or such he ought to be

  2. to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered

  3. to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
δικαιόω dikaióō, dik-ah-yo'-o; from G1342; to render (i.e. show or regard as) just or innocent:—free, justify(-ier), be righteous.
STRONGS NT 1344: δικαιόω
δικαιόω, -ῶ; future δικαιώσω; 1 aorist ἐδικαίωσα; passive [present δικαιοῦμαι]; perfect δεδικαίωμαι; 1 aorist ἐδικαιώθην; future δικαιωθήσομαι; (δίκαιος); Sept. for צִדֵּק and הִצְדִּיק;
1. properly, (according to the analogy of other verbs ending in όω, as τυφλόω, δουλόω) to make δίκαιος; to render righteous or such as he ought to be; (Vulg. justifico); but this meaning is extremely rare, if not altogether doubtful; ἐδικαίωσα τὴν καρδίαν μου stands for לְבָבִי זִכִּיתִי in Psalm 72:13 (Ps. 73:13) (unless I have shown my heart to be upright be preferred as the rendering of the Greek there).
2. τινά, to show, exhibit, evince, one to be righteous, such as he is and wishes himself to be considered (Ezekiel 16:51f; τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ, Jeremiah 3:11, and, probably, δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, Isaiah 53:11): σοφία ἐδικαιώθη ἀπὸ τῶν τέκνων αὐτῆς, the wisdom taught and exemplified by John the Baptist, and by Jesus, gained from its disciples (i. e. from their life, character, and deeds) the benefit of being shown to be righteous, i. e. true and divine [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277); others interpret, was acknowledged to be righteous on the part of (nearly equivalent to by) her children; cf. Buttmann, 325 (280); see ἀπό, II. 2 d. bb.], Luke 7:35; Matthew 11:19 [here T Tr text WH read ἔργων, i. e. by her works]; passive, of Christ: ἐδικαιώθη ἐν πνεύματι, evinced to be righteous as to his spiritual (divine [(?) cf. e. g. Ellicott at the passage or Meyer on Romans 1:4]) nature, 1 Timothy 3:16; of God: ὅπως δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου, Romans 3:4 from Psalm 50:6 (Psalms 51:6) (κύριος μόνος δικαιωθήσεται, Sir. 18:2); passive used reflexively, to show oneself righteous: of men, Revelation 22:11 Rec.; (τί δικαιωθῶμεν; Genesis 44:16).
3. τινά, to declare, pronounce, one to be just, righteous, or such as he ought to be, (cf. ὁμοιόω to declare to be like, liken, i. e. compare; ὁσιόω, Wis. 6:11; ἀξιόω, which never means to make worthy, but to judge worthy, to declare worthy, to treat as worthy; see also κοινόω, 2 b.);
a. with the negative idea predominant, to declare guiltless one accused or who may be accused, acquitted of a charge or reproach, (Deuteronomy 25:1; Sir. 13:22 (Sir. 13:21), etc.; an unjust judge is said δικαιοῦν τὸν ἀσεβῆ in Exodus 23:7; Isaiah 5:23): ἑαυτόν, Luke 10:29; passive οὐ δεδικαίωμαι, namely, with God, 1 Corinthians 4:4; pregnantly with ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν added, to be declared innocent and therefore to be absolved from the charge of sins [cf. Buttmann, 322 (277)], Acts 13:38 (Acts 13:39) (so ἀπὸ ἁμαρτίας, Sir. 26:29; simply, to be absolved, namely, from the payment of a vow, Sir. 18:22 (Sir. 18:21)); hence, figuratively, by a usage not met with elsewhere, to be freed, ἀπὸ τῆς ἁμαρτίας, from its dominion, Romans 6:7, where cf. Fritzsche or [(less fully) Meyer].
b. with the positive idea predominant, to judge, declare, pronounce, righteous and therefore acceptable, (God is said δικαιοῦν δίκαιον, 1 Kings 8:32): ἑαυτόν, Luke 16:15; ἐδικαίωσαν τὸν θεόν, declared God to be righteous, i. e. by receiving the baptism declared that it had been prescribed by God rightly, Luke 7:29; passive by God, Romans 2:13; ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη, got his reputation for righteousness (namely, with his countrymen [but see Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage]) by works, Romans 4:2; ἐκ τῶν λόγων, by thy words, in contrast with καταδικάζεσθαι, namely, by God, Matthew 12:37. Especially is it so used, in the technical phraseology of Paul, respecting God who judges and declares such men as put faith in Christ to be righteous and acceptable to him, and accordingly fit to receive the pardon of their sins and eternal life (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c.): thus absolutely, δικαιοῦν τινα, Romans 3:26; Romans 4:5; Romans 8:30, 33 (namely, ἡμᾶς, opposed to ἐγκαλεῖν); with the addition of ἐκ (in consequence of) πίστεως, Romans 3:30; Galatians 3:8; of διὰ τῆς πίστεως, Romans 3:30; men are said δικαιοῦσθαι, δικαιωθῆναι, τῇ χάριτι τοῦ θεοῦ, Titus 3:7; δωρεὰν τῇ χάρ. τ. θεοῦ, Romans 3:24 πίστει, Romans 3:28; ἐκ πίστεως, by means of faith, Romans 5:1; Galatians 2:16; Galatians 3:24; ἐν τῷ αἵματι τοῦ Χριστοῦ (as the meritorious cause of their acceptance, as the old theologians say, faith being the apprehending or subjective cause), Romans 5:9; ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τοῦ θεοῦ ἡμῶν, by confessing the name of the Lord (which implies faith in him, Romans 10:10, cf. 2 Corinthians 4:13), and by the Spirit of God (which has awakened faith in the soul), 1 Corinthians 6:11; ἐν Χριστῷ through Christ, Galatians 2:17; Acts 13:39; it is vehemently denied by Paul, that a man δικαιοῦται ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, Galatians 2:16 — with the addition ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ, i. e. of God, Romans 3:20, cf. Romans 3:28; Romans 4:2, (see δικαιοσύνη, 1 c. under the end); — a statement which is affirmed by James in James 2:21, 24f (though he says simply ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται, significantly omitting νόμου); to the same purport Paul denies that a man δικαιοῦται ἐν νόμῳ, in obeying the law, or by keeping it, Galatians 5:4; with the addition, παρὰ τῷ θεῷ, in the sight of God, Galatians 3:11. Luke 18:14 teaches that a man δικαιοῦται by deep sorrow for his sins, which so humbles him that he hopes for salvation only from divine grace.
The Pauline conceptions of δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιόω, are elucidated especially by Winzer, De vocabulis δίκαιος, etc., in Ep. ad Rom., Lipsius 1831; Usteri, Paulin. Lehrbegriff, p. 86f edition 4 etc.; Neander, Gesch. der Pfianzung as above with ii., p. 567ff et passim, edition 3 [Robinson's translation of edition 4, pp. 382ff, 417ff]; Baur, Paulus, p. 572ff [(Zeller's) edition 2, vol. ii 145-183; English translation, vol. ii, p. 134ff]; Rauwenhoff, Disquisitio etc., Lugd. Bat. 1852; Lipsius, Die paulin. Rechtfertigungslehre, Lpz. 1853; Schmid, Biblical Theologie des N. T., p. 562ff edition 2 [p. 558ff edition 4; English translation, p. 495f]; Ernesti, Vom Ursprung der Sϋnde as above with i., p. 152ff; Messner, Lehre der Apostel, p. 256ff [summary by S. R. Asbury in Bib. Sacr. for 1870, p. 140f]; Jul. Kõstlin in the Jahrbb. fϋr deutsche Theol. 1856 fasc. 1, p. 85ff; Wieseler, Commentar ϋ. d. Br. an d. Galater, pp. 176ff [see in Schaff's Lange's Rom., p. 122f]; Kahnis, Lutherische Dogmatik, Bd. i., p. 592ff; Philippi, Dogmatik, v. 1, p. 208ff; Weiss, Biblical Theol. des N. T. § 65; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Versõhnung u. Rechtf. ii. 318ff; Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 172ff [English translation, vol. i., p. 171ff; but especially Dr. James Morison, Critical Exposition of the Third Chapter of the Epistle to the Romans, pp. 163-198. On the patristic usage see Reithmayr, Galaterbrief, p. 177f; Cremer, Wõrterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 285; Suicer, Thesaurus under the word].
In classic Greek δικαιόω (Ionic δικαιέω, Herodotus) is:
1. equivalent to δίκαιον νομίζω, to deem right or fair: τί, often followed by the infinitive; to choose what is right and fair, hence, universally, to choose, desire, decide: Herodotus, Sophocles, Thucydides, others.
2. with the accusative of person, τὸ δίκαιον ποιῶ τινα to do one justice, in a bad sense, viz. to condemn, punish, one: Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others; hence, δικαιοῦσθαι, to have justice done oneself, to suffer justice, be treated rightly, opposed to ἀδικεῖσθαι, Aristotle, eth. Nic. 5, 9, 11, p. 1136a, 18ff (In like manner the German rechtfertigen in its early forensic use bore a bad sense, viz. to try judicially (so for ἀνακρίνειν, Acts 12:19 Luther), then condemn; execute judgment, especially put to death.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
44:16
Exodus
23:7
Deuteronomy
25:1
1 Kings
8:32
Psalms
50:6; 51:6; 72:13; 73:13
Isaiah
5:23; 53:11
Jeremiah
3:11
Ezekiel
16:51
Matthew
11:19; 12:37
Luke
7:29; 7:35; 10:29; 16:15; 18:14
Acts
12:19; 13:38; 13:39; 13:39
Romans
1:4; 2:13; 3:4; 3:20; 3:24; 3:26; 3:28; 3:28; 3:30; 3:30; 4:2; 4:2; 4:5; 5:1; 5:9; 6:7; 8:30; 8:33; 10:10
1 Corinthians
4:4; 6:11
2 Corinthians
4:13
Galatians
2:16; 2:16; 2:17; 3:8; 3:11; 3:24; 5:4
1 Timothy
3:16
Titus
3:7
James
2:21; 2:24
Revelation
22:11

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1344 matches the Greek δικαιόω (dikaioō),
which occurs 40 times in 36 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:19 - “The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Behold, a gluttonous man and a [fn]drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and [fn]sinners!’ Yet wisdom is vindicated G1344 by her deeds.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:37 - “For [fn]by your words you will be justified, G1344 and [fn]by your words you will be condemned.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:29 - When all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they [fn]acknowledged G1344 God’s justice, G1344 having been baptized with the baptism of John.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:35 - “Yet wisdom is vindicated G1344 by all her children.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 10:29 - But wishing to justify G1344 himself, he said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:15 - And He said to them, “You are those who justify G1344 yourselves [fn]in the sight of men, but God knows your hearts; for that which is highly esteemed among men is detestable [fn]in the sight of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:14 - “I tell you, this man went to his house justified G1344 rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 13:39 - and [fn]through Him everyone who believes is [fn]freed G1344 [fn]from all things, from which you could not be [fn]freed G1344 [fn]through the Law of Moses.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 2:13 - for it is not the hearers [fn]of the Law who are [fn]just before God, but the doers [fn]of the Law will be justified. G1344
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:4 - May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written,
“THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED G1344 IN YOUR WORDS,
AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU [fn]ARE JUDGED.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:20 - because by the works [fn]of the Law no flesh will be justified G1344 in His sight; for [fn]through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:24 - being justified G1344 as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:26 - for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier G1344 of the one who [fn]has faith in Jesus.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:28 - [fn]For we maintain that a man is justified G1344 by faith apart from works [fn]of the Law.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 3:30 - since indeed God who will justify G1344 the [fn]circumcised [fn]by faith and the [fn]uncircumcised through faith is one.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:2 - For if Abraham was justified G1344 [fn]by works, he has something to boast about, but not [fn]before God.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 4:5 - But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies G1344 the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:1 - Therefore, having been justified G1344 by faith, [fn]we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 5:9 - Much more then, having now been justified G1344 [fn]by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 6:7 - for he who has died is [fn]freed G1344 from sin.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:30 - and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; G1344 and these whom He justified, G1344 He also glorified.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 8:33 - Who will bring a charge against God’s elect? God is the one who justifies; G1344
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 4:4 - For I am conscious of nothing against myself, yet I am not by this acquitted; G1344 but the one who examines me is the Lord.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 6:11 - Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified G1344 in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:16 - nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified G1344 by the works of [fn]the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified G1344 by faith in Christ and not by the works of [fn]the Law; since by the works of [fn]the Law no [fn]flesh will be justified. G1344
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:17 - “But if, while seeking to be justified G1344 in Christ, we ourselves have also been found sinners, is Christ then a minister of sin? May it never be!
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:8 - The Scripture, foreseeing that God [fn]would justify G1344 the [fn]Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “ALL THE NATIONS WILL BE BLESSED IN YOU.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:11 - Now that no one is justified G1344 [fn]by [fn]the Law before God is evident; for, “[fn]THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH.”
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 3:24 - Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified G1344 by faith.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:4 - You have been severed from Christ, you who [fn]are seeking to be justified G1344 by law; you have fallen from grace.
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 3:16 - By common confession, great is the mystery of godliness:
He who was revealed in the flesh,
Was [fn]vindicated G1344 [fn]in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Proclaimed among the nations,
Believed on in the world,
Taken up in glory.
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 3:7 - so that being justified G1344 by His grace we would be made heirs [fn]according to the hope of eternal life.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:21 - Was not Abraham our father justified G1344 by works when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:24 - You see that a man is justified G1344 by works and not by faith alone.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:25 - In the same way, was not Rahab the harlot also justified G1344 by works when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 22:11 - “Let the one who does wrong, still do wrong; and the one who is filthy, still be filthy; and let the one who is righteous, still practice righteousness; and the one who is holy, still keep himself holy.”

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