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Lexicon :: Strong's G1939 - epithymia

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epithymia (Key)
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 3:168,339

Trench's Synonyms: lxxxvii. πάθος, ἐπιθυμία, ὁρμή, ὄρεξις.

Strong’s Definitions

ἐπιθυμία epithymía, ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah; from G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden):—concupiscence, desire, lust (after).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x

The KJV translates Strong's G1939 in the following manner: lust (31x), concupiscence (3x), desire (3x), lust after (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 38x
The KJV translates Strong's G1939 in the following manner: lust (31x), concupiscence (3x), desire (3x), lust after (1x).
  1. desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἐπιθυμία epithymía, ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah; from G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden):—concupiscence, desire, lust (after).
ἐπιθυμία, ἐπιθυμίας, (ἐπιθυμέω) (from Herodotus on), the Sept. chiefly for תַּאֲוָה, אַוָּה, חֲמוּד; desire, craving, longing: Luke 22:15 (on which sevin ἐπιθυμέω, at the end); Revelation 18:14; τήν ἐπιθυμίαν ἔχειν εἰς τί, the desire directed toward, Philippians 1:23; ἐν πολλή ἐπιθυμία with great desire, 1 Thessalonians 2:17; plural αἱ περί τά λοιπά ἐπιθυμίαι, Mark 4:19 (Winers Grammar, § 30, 3 N. 5); specifically, desire for what is forbidden, lust (Vulg.concupiscentia): Romans 7:7; James 1:14; 2 Peter 1:4; πάθος ἐπιθυμίας, 1 Thessalonians 4:5; ἐπιθυμία κακῇ, Colossians 3:5 (Proverbs 21:26; (Proverbs 12:12); Plato, legg. 9, p. 854 a.; πονηρά, Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 64; ἀγαθή, Sir. 14:14 where see Fritzsche (who cites also Proverbs 11:23; Proverbs 13:12)); plural, Galatians 5:24; 1 Timothy 6:9; 2 Timothy 2:22; 2 Timothy 4:3; 1 Peter 1:14; 1 Peter 4:2; with a genitive of the object, ἐπιθυμία μιασμοῦ, for unclean contact, 2 Peter 2:10 (others with Winer's Grammar, § 34, 3 b. take μιασμοῦ as the genitive of quality); with a genitive of the subject, αἱ ἐπιθυμίαι τῶν καρδιῶν, Romans 1:24; with a genitive of the thing by which the desire is excited, ἐπιθυμία τοῦ κόσμου, 1 John 2:17; τοῦ σώματος, Romans 6:12; τῆς ἀπάτης (see ἀπάτη), Ephesians 4:22; τῆς σαρκός, τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν, 1 John 2:16 (cf. Huther ad loc.); 2 Peter 2:18; τέλειν σαρκός, Galatians 5:16; αἱ σαρκικαι ἐπιθυμίαι, 1 Peter 2:11 (ψυχικαί, σωματικαί, 4 Macc. 1:32); αἱ κοσμικαι ἐπιθυμίαι, Titus 2:12; εἰς ἐπιθυμίας to arouse lusts, Romans 13:14; ποιεῖν τάς ἐπιθυμίας, John 8:44; ὑπακούειν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις, Romans 6:12 (L T Tr WH); δουλεύειν ἐπιθυμίαις (see δουλεύω, 2 b.), Titus 3:3; ἄγεσθαι ἐπιθυμίαις, 2 Timothy 3:6; πορεύεσθαι ἐν ἐπιθυμίαις, 1 Peter 4:3; πορεύεσθαι κατά τάς ἐπιθυμίας, Jude 1:16, 18; 2 Peter 3:3; ἀναστρέφεσθαι ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκός, Ephesians 2:3. (Synonym: cf. πάθος, and see Trench, § lxxxvii.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

11:23; 12:12; 13:12; 21:26
1:24; 6:12; 6:12; 7:7; 13:14
5:16; 5:24
2:3; 4:22
1 Thessalonians
2:17; 4:5
1 Timothy
2 Timothy
2:22; 3:6; 4:3
2:12; 3:3
1 Peter
1:14; 2:11; 4:2; 4:3
2 Peter
1:4; 2:10; 2:18; 3:3
1 John
2:16; 2:17
1:16; 1:18

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G1939 matches the Greek ἐπιθυμία (epithymia),
which occurs 38 times in 37 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:19 - but the worries of the [fn]world, and the deceitfulness of wealth, and the desires G1939 for other things enter and choke the word, and it [fn]becomes unfruitful.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 22:15 - And He said to them, “I have eagerly G1939 desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 8:44 - “You are of your father the devil, and you want to do the desires G1939 of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth because there is no truth in him. Whenever he tells [fn]a lie, he speaks from his own nature, because he is a liar and the father of [fn]lies.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 1:24 -

Therefore God gave them up to vile impurity in the lusts G1939 of their hearts, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them.

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 6:12 -

Therefore sin is not to reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts G1939,

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 7:7 -

What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? [fn]Far from it! On the contrary, I would not have come to know sin except [fn]through the Law; for I would not have known about [fn]coveting G1939 if the Law had not said, “YOU SHALL NOT [fn]COVET.”

Unchecked Copy BoxRom 7:8 - But sin, taking an opportunity through the commandment, produced in me [fn]coveting G1939 of every kind; for apart [fn]from the Law sin is dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 13:14 - But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh in regard to its lusts G1939.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:16 -

But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire G1939 of the flesh.

Unchecked Copy BoxGal 5:24 - Now those who [fn]belong to Christ Jesus crucified the flesh with its passions and desires G1939.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 2:3 - Among them [fn]we too all previously lived in the lusts G1939 of our flesh, [fn]indulging the desires of the flesh and of the [fn]mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the rest.
Unchecked Copy BoxEph 4:22 - that, in reference to your former way of life, you are to rid yourselves of the old [fn]self, which is being corrupted in accordance with the lusts G1939 of deceit,
Unchecked Copy BoxPhl 1:23 - But I am hard-pressed from both directions, having the desire G1939 to depart and be with Christ, for that is very much better;
Unchecked Copy BoxCol 3:5 -

Therefore, [fn]treat the parts of your earthly body as dead to sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire G1939, and greed, which [fn]amounts to idolatry.

Unchecked Copy Box1Th 2:17 -

But we, brothers and sisters, having been orphaned from you by absence for a [fn]short while—in [fn]person, not in [fn]spirit—were all the more eager with great desire G1939 to see your face.

Unchecked Copy Box1Th 4:5 - not in [fn]lustful G1939 passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God;
Unchecked Copy Box1Ti 6:9 - But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap, and many foolish and harmful desires G1939 which plunge people into ruin and destruction.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 2:22 - Now flee from youthful lusts G1939 and pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace with those who call on the Lord from a pure heart.
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 3:6 - For among them are those who [fn]slip into households and captivate [fn]weak women weighed down with sins, led on by various impulses G1939,
Unchecked Copy Box2Ti 4:3 - For the time will come when they will not tolerate sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance with their own desires G1939,
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 2:12 - [fn]instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires G1939 and to live sensibly, righteously, and in a godly manner in the present age,
Unchecked Copy BoxTit 3:3 - For we too were once foolish, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to various lusts G1939 and pleasures, spending our life in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:14 - But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust G1939.
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 1:15 - Then when lust G1939 has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it has run its course, brings forth death.
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 1:14 - As [fn]obedient children, do not [fn]be conformed to the former lusts G1939 which were yours in your ignorance,
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 2:11 -

Beloved, I urge you as foreigners and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts G1939, which wage war against the soul.

Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 4:2 - so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human lusts G1939, but for the will of God.
Unchecked Copy Box1Pe 4:3 - For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, [fn]having pursued a course of indecent behavior, lusts G1939, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties, and wanton idolatries.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 1:4 - Through [fn]these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world on account of lust G1939.
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:10 - and especially those who [fn]indulge the flesh in its corrupt passion G1939, and despise [fn]authority.

[fn]Reckless, self-centered, they speak abusively of angelic [fn]majesties without trembling,

Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 2:18 - For, while speaking out arrogant words of no value they entice by fleshly desires G1939, by indecent behavior, those who barely escape from the ones who live in error,
Unchecked Copy Box2Pe 3:3 - Know this first of all, that in the last days mockers will come with their mocking, following after their own lusts G1939,
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 2:16 - For all that is in the world, the lust G1939 of the flesh and the lust G1939 of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world.
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 2:17 - The world is passing away and also its lusts G1939; but the one who does the will of God continues to live forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxJde 1:16 - These are grumblers, finding fault, following after their own lusts G1939; [fn]they speak arrogantly, flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage.
Unchecked Copy BoxJde 1:18 - that they were saying to you, “In the last time there will be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts G1939.”
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 18:14 - “The fruit [fn]you long G1939 for G1939 has left you, and all things that were luxurious and splendid have passed away from you and people will no longer find them.
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