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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G302 - an

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an (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
A primary particle
166x in 2 unique form(s)
191x in 2 unique form(s)
538x in 2 unique form(s)
Strong’s Definitions

ἄν án, an; a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty:—(what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contracted for G1437.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 190x
KJV Translation Count — Total: 190x
  1. has no exact English equivalent, see definitions under AV

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἄν án, an; a primary particle, denoting a supposition, wish, possibility or uncertainty:—(what-, where-, wither-, who-)soever. Usually unexpressed except by the subjunctive or potential mood. Also contracted for G1437.
ἄν, a particle indicating that something can or could occur on certain conditions, or by the combination of certain fortuitous causes. In Latin it has no equivalent; nor do the English haply, perchance, German wohl (wol), etwa, exactly and everywhere correspond to it. The use of this particle in the N. T., illustrated by copious examples from Greek writers, is shown by Winers Grammar, § 42; [cf. Buttmann, 216ff (186ff). Its use in classic Greek is fully exhibited (by Prof. Goodwin) in Liddell and Scott, under the word].
It is joined:
I. in the apodoses of hypothetical sentences
1. with the imperfect, where the Latin uses the imperfect subjunctive, e. g. Luke 7:39 (ἐγίνωσκεν ἄν, sciret, he would know); Luke 17:6 (ἐλέγετε ἄν ye would say); Matthew 23:30 (non essemus, we should not have been); John 5:46; John 8:42; John 9:41; John 15:19; John 18:36; 1 Corinthians 11:31; Galatians 1:10; Galatians 3:21 [but WH marginal reading brackets]; Hebrews 4:8; Hebrews 8:4, 7.
2. with the indicative aorist (where the Latin uses the pluperfect subjunctive like the future perfect subjunctive, I would have done it), to express what would have been, if this or that either were (εἰ with the imperfect in the protasis preceding), or had been (εἰ with the aorist or pluperfect preceding): Matthew 11:21 and Luke 10:13 (ἄν μετενόησαν they would have repented); Matthew 11:23; Matthew 12:7 (ye would not have condemned); Matthew 24:43 (he would have watched), Matthew 24:22 and Mark 13:20 (no one would have been saved, i. e. all even now would have to be regarded as those who had perished; cf. Winer's Grammar, 304 (286)); John 4:10 (thou wouldst have asked); John 14:2 (εἶπον ἄν I would have said so); John 14:28 (ye would have rejoiced); Romans 9:29 (we should have become); 1 Corinthians 2:8; Galatians 4:15 (R G); Acts 18:14. Sometimes the condition is not expressly stated, but is easily gathered from what is said: Luke 19:23 and Matthew 25:27 (I should have received it back with interest, namely, if thou hadst given it to the bankers).
3. with the pluperfect: John 11:21 [R Tr marginal reading] (οὐκ ἄν ἐτεθνήκει [L T Tr text WH ἀπέθανεν] would not have died, for which, in John 11:32, the aorist οὐκ ἄν ἀπέθανε); John 14:7 [not Tdf.] (εἰ with the pluperfect preceding); 1 John 2:19 (they would have remained with us). Sometimes (as in Greek writings, especially the later) ἄν is omitted, in order to intimate that the thing wanted but little (imperfect) or had wanted but little (pluperfect or aorist) of being done, which yet was not done because the condition was not fulfilled (cf. Alexander Buttmann in the Studien und Kritiken for 1858, p. 489ff; [N. T. Gram., p. 225 (194)]; Fritzsche on Romans, vol. ii., 33; Winer's Grammar, § 42, 2, p. 305 (286)), e. g. John 8:39 (where the ἄν is spurious); John 15:22, 24; John 19:11; Acts 26:32; Romans 7:7; Galatians 4:15 (ἄν before ἐδώκατε has been correctly expunged by L T Tr WH).
II. Joined to relative pronouns, relative adverbs, and adverbs of time and quality, it has the same force as the Latin cumque or cunque, -ever, -soever (German irgend, etwa).
1. followed by a past tense of the indicative, when some matter of fact, something certain, is spoken of; where, "when the thing itself which is said to have been done is certain, the notion of uncertainty involved in ἄν belongs rather to the relative, whether pronoun or particle" (Klotz ad Der., p. 145) [cf. Winer's Grammar, § 42, 3 a.]; ὅσοι ἄν as many as: Mark 6:56 (ὅσοι ἄν ἥπτοντο [ἥψαντο L text T Tr text WH] αὐτοῦ as many as touched him [cf. Buttmann, 216 (187)]); Mark 11:24 (ὅσα ἄν προσευχόμενοι αἰτεῖσθε [Griesbach omits ἄν], but L text T Tr WH have rightly restored ὅσα προσεύχεσθε κ. αἰτεῖσθε). καθότι ἄν in so far or so often as, according as (German je nachdem gerade): Acts 2:45; Acts 4:35. ὡς ἄν: 1 Corinthians 12:2 (in whatever manner ye were led [cf. Buttmann, § 139, 13; 383 (329f)]).
2. followed by a subjunctive,
a. the present, concerning that which may have been done, or is usually or constantly done (where the German uses mögen); ἡνίκα ἄν whensoever, as often as: 2 Corinthians 3:15 L T Tr WH; ὅς ἄν whoever, be he who he may: Matthew 16:25 (L T Tr WH ἐάν); [Mark 8:35 (where T Tr WH future indicative; see WH's Appendix, p. 172)]; Luke 10:5 (L T Tr WH aorist); Luke 10:8; Galatians 5:17 (T Tr WH ἐάν, L brackets ἐάν); 1 John 2:5; 1 John 3:17; Romans 9:15 (Exodus 33:19); Romans 16:2; 1 Corinthians 11:27 etc. ὅστις ἄν: 1 Corinthians 16:2 [Tr WH ἐάν; WH marginal reading aorist]; Colossians 3:17 (L text Tr WH ἐάν). ὅσοι ἄν: Matthew 7:12 (T WH ἐάν); Matthew 22:9 (L T Tr WH ἐάν). ὅπου ἄν whithersoever: Luke 9:57 (L Tr ἐάν); Revelation 14:4 (L Tr [T edition 7 not 8, WH] have adopted ὑπάγει, defended also by Buttmann, 228 (196)); James 3:4 (R G L Tr marginal reading in brackets). ὁσάκις ἄν how often soever: 1 Corinthians 11:25f (where L T Tr WH ἐάν). ὡς ἄν in what way soever: 1 Thessalonians 2:7 ([cf. Ellicott at the passage; Buttmann, 232 (200)], L T Tr WH ἐάν).
b. the aorist, where the Latin uses the future perfect; ὅς ἄν: Matthew 5:21, 22 (εἴπῃ whoever, if ever anyone shall have said); Matthew 5:31f (in Matthew 5:32 L T Tr WH read πᾶς ἀπολύων); Matthew 10:11; Matthew 26:48 (Tdf. ἐάν); Mark 3:29, 35; Mark 9:41, etc. ὅστις ἄν: Matthew 10:33 [L Tr WH text omit ἄν]; Matthew 12:50; John 14:13 [Tr marginal reading WH present]; Acts 3:23 (Tdf. ἐάν), etc. ὅσοι ἄν: Matthew 21:22 (Treg. ἐάν); Matthew 23:3 (T WH ἐάν); Mark 3:28 (Tr WH ἐάν); Luke 9:5 (L T Tr WH present); John 11:22; Acts 2:39 (Lachmann οὕς); Acts 3:22. ὅπου ἄν: Mark 14:9 (T WH ἐάν); Mark 9:18 (L T Tr WH ἐάν). ἄχρις οὗ ἄν until (donec): 1 Corinthians 15:25 Rec.; Revelation 2:25. ἕως ἄν until (usque dum): Matthew 2:13; Matthew 10:11; Matthew 22:44; Mark 6:10; Luke 21:32; 1 Corinthians 4:5, etc. ἡνίκα ἄν, of future time, not until then, when... or then at length, when...: 2 Corinthians 3:16 (T WH text ἐάν) [cf. Kühner, 2:951; Jelf, 2:565). ὡς ἄν as soon as [Buttmann, 232 (200)]: 1 Corinthians 11:34; Philippians 2:23. ἀφ’ οὗ ἄν ἐγερθῇ, Luke 13:25 (from the time, whatever the time is, when he shall have risen up). But ἐάν (which see) is also joined to the pronouns and adverbs mentioned, instead of ἄν; and in many places the manuscripts and editions fluctuate between ἄν and ἐάν (examples of which have already been adduced); [cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 96; WH's Appendix, p. 173 "predominantly ἄν is found after consonants, and ἐάν after vowels"]. Finally, to this head must be referred ὅταν (equivalent to ὅτε ἄν) with the indicative and much more often with the subjunctive (see ὅταν), and ὅπως ἄν, although this last came to be used as a final conjunction in the sense, that, if it be possible: Luke 2:35; Acts 3:20 (Acts 3:19); Acts 15:17; Romans 3:4; see ὅπως, II 1 b. [Cf. Winers Grammar, 309 (290f); Buttmann, 234 (201).]
III. ἄν is joined to the optative [Winers Grammar, 303 (284); Buttmann, 217 (188)]; when a certain condition is laid down, as in wishes, I would that etc.: Acts 26:29 (εὐξαίμην [Tdf. εὐξάμην] ἄν, I could pray, namely, did it depend on me); in direct questions [Winers Grammar, the passage cited; Buttmann, 254 (219)]: Acts 8:31 (πῶς ἄν δυναίμην; i. e. on what condition, by what possibility, could I? cf. Xenophon, oec. 11, 5); Acts 17:18 (τί ἄν θέλοι... λέγειν what would he say? it being assumed that he wishes to utter some definite notion or other); Acts 2:12 R G; independent sentences and indirect questions in which the narrator introduces another's thought [Winers Grammar, § 42, 4; Buttmann, the passage cited]: Luke 1:62; Luke 6:11; Luke 9:46; [Luke 15:26 L brackets Tr WH; cf. Luke 18:36 L brackets Tr brackets WH marginal reading]; Acts 5:24; Acts 10:17; Acts 17:20 R G.
IV. ἄν is found without a mood in 1 Corinthians 7:5 (εἰ μή τι ἄν [WH brackets ἄν], except perhaps, namely, γένοιτο [but cf. Buttmann as below]). ὡς ἄν, adverbially, tanquam (so already the Vulg.), as if: 2 Corinthians 10:9 (like ὥσπερ ἄν in Greek writings; cf. Kühner, 2:210 [§ 398 Anm. 4; Jelf, § 430]; Buttmann, 219 (189); ([Liddell and Scott, under the word, D. III.]).
ἄν contracted from ἐάν, if; followed by the subjunctive: John 20:23 [Lachmann ἐάν. Also by the (present) indicative in 1 John 5:15 Lachmann; see Buttman 223 (192); Winers Grammar 295 (277)]. Further, L T Tr WH have received ἄν in John 13:20; John 16:23; [so WH John 12:32; cf. Winers Grammar 291 (274); Buttman 72 (63)].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

2:13; 5:21; 5:22; 5:31; 5:32; 7:12; 10:11; 10:11; 10:33; 11:21; 11:23; 12:7; 12:50; 16:25; 21:22; 22:9; 22:44; 23:3; 23:30; 24:22; 24:43; 25:27; 26:48
3:28; 3:29; 3:35; 6:10; 6:56; 8:35; 9:18; 9:41; 11:24; 13:20; 14:9
1:62; 2:35; 6:11; 7:39; 9:5; 9:46; 9:57; 10:5; 10:8; 10:13; 13:25; 15:26; 17:6; 18:36; 19:23; 21:32
4:10; 5:46; 8:39; 8:42; 9:41; 11:21; 11:22; 11:32; 12:32;13:20; 14:2; 14:7; 14:13; 14:28; 15:19; 15:22; 15:24; 16:23; 18:36; 19:11; 20:23
2:12; 2:39; 2:45; 3:19; 3:20; 3:22; 3:23; 4:35; 5:24; 8:31; 10:17; 15:17; 17:18; 17:20; 18:14; 26:29; 26:32
3:4; 7:7; 9:15; 9:29; 16:2
1 Corinthians
2:8; 4:5; 7:5; 11:25; 11:27; 11:31; 11:34; 12:2; 15:25; 16:2
2 Corinthians
3:15; 3:16; 10:9
1:10; 3:21; 4:15; 4:15; 5:17
1 Thessalonians
4:8; 8:4; 8:7
1 John
2:5; 2:19; 3:17; 5:15
2:25; 14:4

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G302 matches the Greek ἄν (an),
which occurs 191 times in 173 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 4 (Mat 2:13–Mar 9:41)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 2:13 - And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I G302 bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:18 - For verily I say unto you, Till G302 heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till G302 all be fulfilled.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:19 - Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever G302 shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:21 - Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever G302 shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:22 - But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever G302 shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever G302 shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:26 - Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, till G302 thou hast paid the uttermost farthing.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:31 - It hath been said, Whosoever G302 shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:32 - But I say unto you, That whosoever G302 shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:5 - And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may G302 be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:12 - Therefore all things whatsoever G302 ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:11 - And into whatsoever G302 city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till G302 ye go thence.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:23 - But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be G302 come.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 10:33 - But whosoever shall G302 deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:21 - Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago G302 in sackcloth and ashes.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:23 - And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained G302 until this day.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:7 - But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would G302 not have condemned the guiltless.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:20 - A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till G302 he send forth judgment unto victory.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:32 - And whosoever G302 speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever G302 speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:50 - For whosoever G302 shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:5 - But ye say, Whosoever G302 shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:25 - For whosoever G302 will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever G302 will lose his life for my sake shall find it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:28 - Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till G302 they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:6 - But whoso G302 shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:9 - And I say unto you, Whosoever G302 shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:22 - And all things, whatsoever G302 ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:44 - And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever G302 it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:9 - Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as G302 ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:44 - The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till G302 I make thine enemies thy footstool?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:3 - All therefore whatsoever G302 they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:16 - Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Whosoever G302 shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever G302 shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:18 - And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever G302 sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:30 - And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would G302 not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 23:39 - For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till G302 ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:22 - And except those days should be shortened, there should G302 no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:34 - Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till G302 all these things be fulfilled.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 24:43 - But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would G302 have watched, and would G302 not have suffered his house to be broken up.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:27 - Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should G302 have received mine own with usury.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:48 - Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever G302 I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:28 - Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever G302 they shall blaspheme:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:29 - But he that G302 shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of eternal damnation:
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 3:35 - For whosoever G302 shall do the will of God, the same is my brother, and my sister, and mother.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 4:25 - For G302 he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:10 - And he said unto them, In what place soever ye enter into an house, there abide till G302 ye depart from that place.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:11 - And whosoever G302 shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 6:56 - And whithersoever G302 he entered, into villages, or cities, or country, they laid the sick in the streets, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as G302 touched him were made whole.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:35 - For whosoever G302 will save his life shall lose it; but whosoever G302 shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, the same shall save it.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:38 - Whosoever G302 therefore shall be ashamed of me and of my words in this adulterous and sinful generation; of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:1 - And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That there be some of them that stand here, which shall not taste of death, till G302 they have seen the kingdom of God come with power.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:18 - And wheresoever G302 he taketh him, he teareth him: and he foameth, and gnasheth with his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast him out; and they could not.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 9:41 - For whosoever G302 shall give you a cup of water to drink in my name, because ye belong to Christ, verily I say unto you, he shall not lose his reward.

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1. Currently on page 1/4 (Mat 2:13–Mar 9:41) Mat 2:13–Mar 9:41

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Mar 9:42–Jhn 14:7

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