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Lexicon :: Strong's G3439 - monogenēs

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μονογενής
Transliteration
monogenēs (Key)
Pronunciation
mon-og-en-ace'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 4:737,606

Strong’s Definitions

μονογενής monogenḗs, mon-og-en-ace'; from G3441 and G1096; only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child).


KJV Translation Count — Total: 9x

The KJV translates Strong's G3439 in the following manner: only begotten (6x), only (2x), only child (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 9x
The KJV translates Strong's G3439 in the following manner: only begotten (6x), only (2x), only child (1x).
  1. single of its kind, only

    1. used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents)

    2. used of Christ, denotes the only begotten son of God

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
μονογενής monogenḗs, mon-og-en-ace'; from G3441 and G1096; only-born, i.e. sole:—only (begotten, child).
STRONGS NT 3439: μονογενής
μονογενής, -ές (μόνος and γένος) (Cicero, unigena; Vulg. [in Luke unicus, elsewhere] and in ecclesiastical writings unigenitus), single of its kind, only, [A. V. only-begotten]; used of only sons or daughters (viewed in relation to their parents), Hesiod theog. 426, 448; Herodotus 7, 221; Plato, Critias 113 d.; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 13, 1; 2, 7, 4; μονογενὲς τέκνον πατρί, Aeschylus Ag. 898. So in the Scriptures: Hebrews 11:17; μονογενῆ εἶναί τινι (to be one's only son or daughter), Judges 11:34; Tobit 3:15; Luke 7:12; Luke 8:42; Luke 9:38; [cf. Westcott on Epistles of John, pp. 162ff]. Hence, the expression μονογ. υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ and υἱὸς τοῦ Θεοῦ μονογ., John 3:16, 18; John 1:18 [see below]; 1 John 4:9; μονογενὴς παρὰ πατρός, John 1:14 [some take this generally, owing to the omission of the article (cf. Green, pp. 48f)], used of Christ, denotes the only son of God or one who in the sense in which he himself is the son of God has no brethren. He is so spoken of by John not because λόγος which was ἐνσαρκωθείς in him was eternally generated by God the Father (the orthodox interpretation), or came forth from the being of God just before the beginning of the world (Subordinationism), but because by the incarnation (ἐνσάρκωσις) of the λόγος in him he is of nature or essentially Son of God, and so in a very different sense from that in which men are made by him τέκνα τοῦ θεοῦ (John 1:13). For since in the writings of John the title υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ is given only to the historic Christ so called, neither the Logos alone, nor Jesus alone, but λόγος ἐνσαρκωθείς or Jesus through the λόγος united with God, is μονογ. υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ. The reading μονογενής θεός (without the article before μονογ.) in John 1:18, — which is supported by no inconsiderable weight of ancient testimony, received into the text by Tregelles, and Westcott and Hort, defended with much learning by Dr. Hort ("On μονογενὴς θεός in Scripture and Tradition" in his "Two Dissertations" Camb. and Lond. 1876), and seems not improbable to Harnack (in the Theol. Lit.-Zeit. for 1876, p. 541ff) [and Weiss (in Meyer 6te Aufl. at the passage)], but is foreign to John's mode of thought and speech (John 3:16, 18; 1 John 4:9), dissonant and harsh — appears to owe its origin to a dogmatic zeal which broke out soon after the early days of the church; [see articles on the reading by Prof. Abbot in the Bib. Sacr. for Oct. 1861 and in the Unitarian Rev. for June 1875 (in the latter copious references to other discussions of the same passage are given); see also Prof. Drummond in the Theol. Rev. for Oct. 1871]. Further, see Grimm, Exgt. Hdbch. on Sap., p. 152f; [Westcott as above].
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Judges
11:34
Luke
7:12; 8:42; 9:38
John
1:13; 1:14; 1:18; 1:18; 3:16; 3:16; 3:18; 3:18
Hebrews
11:17
1 John
4:9; 4:9

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3439 matches the Greek μονογενής (monogenēs),
which occurs 9 times in 9 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:12 - ὡς δὲ ἤγγισεν τῇ πύλῃ τῆς πόλεως καὶ ἰδοὺ ἐξεκομίζετο τεθνηκὼς μονογενὴς G3439 υἱὸς τῇ μητρὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ αὐτὴ ἦν χήρα καὶ ὄχλος τῆς πόλεως ἱκανὸς ἦν σὺν αὐτῇ
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:42 - ὅτι θυγάτηρ μονογενὴς G3439 ἦν αὐτῷ ὡς ἐτῶν δώδεκα καὶ αὐτὴ ἀπέθνῃσκεν ἐν δὲ τῷ ὑπάγειν αὐτὸν οἱ ὄχλοι συνέπνιγον αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:38 - καὶ ἰδοὺ ἀνὴρ ἀπὸ τοῦ ὄχλου ἐβόησεν λέγων διδάσκαλε δέομαί σου ἐπιβλέψαι ἐπὶ τὸν υἱόν μου ὅτι μονογενής G3439 μοί ἐστιν
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:14 - καὶ λόγος σὰρξ ἐγένετο καὶ ἐσκήνωσεν ἐν ἡμῖν καὶ ἐθεασάμεθα τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ δόξαν ὡς μονογενοῦς G3439 παρὰ πατρός πλήρης χάριτος καὶ ἀληθείας
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 1:18 - θεὸν οὐδεὶς ἑώρακεν πώποτε μονογενὴς G3439 θεὸς ὢν εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ πατρὸς ἐκεῖνος ἐξηγήσατο
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:16 - οὕτως γὰρ ἠγάπησεν θεὸς τὸν κόσμον ὥστε τὸν υἱὸν τὸν μονογενῆ G3439 ἔδωκεν ἵνα πᾶς πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν μὴ ἀπόληται ἀλλ᾽ ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:18 - πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν οὐ κρίνεται δὲ μὴ πιστεύων ἤδη κέκριται ὅτι μὴ πεπίστευκεν εἰς τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ μονογενοῦς G3439 υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxHeb 11:17 - πίστει προσενήνοχεν Ἀβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ G3439 προσέφερεν τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος
Unchecked Copy Box1Jo 4:9 - ἐν τούτῳ ἐφανερώθη ἀγάπη τοῦ θεοῦ ἐν ἡμῖν ὅτι τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ τὸν μονογενῆ G3439 ἀπέσταλκεν θεὸς εἰς τὸν κόσμον ἵνα ζήσωμεν δι᾽ αὐτοῦ

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