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Lexicon :: Strong's G3983 - peinaō

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peinaō (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
From the same as πένης (G3993) (through the idea of pinching toil; "pine")
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:12,820

Strong’s Definitions

πεινάω peináō, pi-nah'-o; from the same as G3993 (through the idea of pinching toil; "pine"); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively, to crave:—be an hungered.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x

The KJV translates Strong's G3983 in the following manner: hunger (10x), be an hungred (9x), be hungry (3x), hungry (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 23x
The KJV translates Strong's G3983 in the following manner: hunger (10x), be an hungred (9x), be hungry (3x), hungry (1x).
  1. to hunger, be hungry

    1. to suffer want

    2. to be needy

  2. metaph. to crave ardently, to seek with eager desire

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πεινάω peináō, pi-nah'-o; from the same as G3993 (through the idea of pinching toil; "pine"); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively, to crave:—be an hungered.
STRONGS NT 3983: πεινάω
πεινάω, πείνω, infinitive πεινᾶν (Philippians 4:12); future πεινάσω (Luke 6:25; Revelation 7:16); 1 aorist ἐπείνασα — for the earlier forms πεινην, πεινήσω, ἐπείνησα; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., pp. 61 and 204; Winers Grammar, § 13, 3 b.; (Buttmann, 37 (32); 44 (38)); see also διψάω; (from πεινᾷ hunger; (see πένης)); from Homer down; the Sept. for רָעֵב; to hunger, be hungry;
a. properly: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 12:1, 3; Matthew 21:18; Matthew 25:35, 37, 42, 44; Mark 2:25; Mark 11:12; Luke 4:2; Luke 6:3, 25; equivalent to to suffer want, Romans 12:20; 1 Corinthians 11:21, 34; to be needy, Luke 1:53; Luke 6:21; Philippians 4:12; in this same sense it is joined with δίψαν, 1 Corinthians 4:11; in figurative discourse, οὐ πεινᾶν καί οὐ δίψαν is used to describe the condition of one who is in need of nothing requisite for his real (spiritual) life and salvation, John 6:35; Revelation 7:16.
b. metaphorically, to crave ardently, to seek with eager desire: with the accusative of the thing, τήν δικαιοσύνην, Matthew 5:6 (in the better Greek authors with a genitive as χρημάτων, Xenophon, Cyril 8, 3, 39; συμμαχων, 7, 5, 50; ἐπαινου, oec. 13, 9; cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 10, b. at the end; (Buttmann, § 131, 4); Kuinoel on Matthew 5:6, and see διψάω, 2).
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

4:2; 5:6; 5:6; 12:1; 12:3; 21:18; 25:35; 25:37; 25:42; 25:44
2:25; 11:12
1:53; 4:2; 6:3; 6:21; 6:25; 6:25
1 Corinthians
4:11; 11:21; 11:34
4:12; 4:12
7:16; 7:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3983 matches the Greek πεινάω (peinaō),
which occurs 39 times in 39 verses in the LXX Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 41:55 - καὶ ἐπείνασεν G3983 πᾶσα γῆ Αἰγύπτου ἐκέκραξεν δὲ λαὸς πρὸς Φαραω περὶ ἄρτων εἶπεν δὲ Φαραω πᾶσι τοῗς Αἰγυπτίοις πορεύεσθε πρὸς Ιωσηφ καὶ ἐὰν εἴπῃ ὑμῗν ποιήσατε
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 25:18 - πῶς ἀντέστη σοι ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ καὶ ἔκοψέν σου τὴν οὐραγίαν τοὺς κοπιῶντας ὀπίσω σου σὺ δὲ ἐπείνας G3983 καὶ ἐκοπίας καὶ οὐκ ἐφοβήθη τὸν θεόν
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:4 - καὶ ἦλθεν Γεδεων ἐπὶ τὸν Ιορδάνην καὶ διέβη αὐτὸς καὶ οἱ τριακόσιοι ἄνδρες μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ ὀλιγοψυχοῦντες καὶ πεινῶντες G3983
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 8:5 - καὶ εἶπεν τοῗς ἀνδράσιν Σοκχωθ δότε δὴ ἄρτους τῷ λαῷ τῷ μετ᾽ ἐμοῦ ὅτι πεινῶσιν G3983 ἐγὼ δὲ διώκω ὀπίσω Ζεβεε καὶ Σαλμανα βασιλέων Μαδιαμ
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:5 - πλήρεις ἄρτων ἠλαττώθησαν καὶ οἱ πεινῶντες G3983 παρῆκαν γῆν ὅτι στεῗρα ἔτεκεν ἑπτά καὶ πολλὴ ἐν τέκνοις ἠσθένησεν
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:29 - καὶ μέλι καὶ βούτυρον καὶ πρόβατα καὶ Σαφφωθ βοῶν καὶ προσήνεγκαν τῷ Δαυιδ καὶ τῷ λαῷ τῷ μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ φαγεῗν ὅτι εἶπαν λαὸς πεινῶν G3983 καὶ ἐκλελυμένος καὶ διψῶν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:12 - καὶ ἀνέστη βασιλεὺς νυκτὸς καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς τοὺς παῗδας αὐτοῦ ἀναγγελῶ δὴ ὑμῗν ἐποίησεν ἡμῗν Συρία ἔγνωσαν ὅτι πεινῶμεν G3983 ἡμεῗς καὶ ἐξῆλθαν ἐκ τῆς παρεμβολῆς καὶ ἐκρύβησαν ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ λέγοντες ὅτι ἐξελεύσονται ἐκ τῆς πόλεως καὶ συλλημψόμεθα αὐτοὺς ζῶντας καὶ εἰς τὴν πόλιν εἰσελευσόμεθα
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:7 - οὐδὲ ὕδωρ διψῶντας ἐπότισας ἀλλὰ πεινώντων G3983 ἐστέρησας ψωμόν
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:10 - γυμνοὺς δὲ ἐκοίμισαν ἀδίκως πεινώντων G3983 δὲ τὸν ψωμὸν ἀφείλαντο
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:10 - (LXX 33:11)πλούσιοι ἐπτώχευσαν καὶ ἐπείνασαν G3983 οἱ δὲ ἐκζητοῦντες τὸν κύριον οὐκ ἐλαττωθήσονται παντὸς ἀγαθοῦ διάψαλμα
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 50:12 - (LXX 49:12)ἐὰν πεινάσω G3983 οὐ μή σοι εἴπω ἐμὴ γάρ ἐστιν οἰκουμένη καὶ τὸ πλήρωμα αὐτῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:5 - (LXX 106:5)πεινῶντες G3983 καὶ διψῶντες ψυχὴ αὐτῶν ἐν αὐτοῗς ἐξέλιπεν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:9 - (LXX 106:9)ὅτι ἐχόρτασεν ψυχὴν κενὴν καὶ ψυχὴν πεινῶσαν G3983 ἐνέπλησεν ἀγαθῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 107:36 - (LXX 106:36)καὶ κατῴκισεν ἐκεῗ πεινῶντας G3983 καὶ συνεστήσαντο πόλιν κατοικεσίας
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 146:7 - (LXX 145:7)ποιοῦντα κρίμα τοῗς ἀδικουμένοις διδόντα τροφὴν τοῗς πεινῶσιν G3983 κύριος λύει πεπεδημένους
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 18:8 - ὀκνηροὺς καταβάλλει φόβος ψυχαὶ δὲ ἀνδρογύνων πεινάσουσιν G3983
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 19:15 - δειλία κατέχει ἀνδρογύναιον ψυχὴ δὲ ἀεργοῦ πεινάσει G3983
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 25:21 - (LXX 32:21)ἐὰν πεινᾷ G3983 ἐχθρός σου τρέφε αὐτόν ἐὰν διψᾷ πότιζε αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 28:15 - (LXX 35:15)λέων πεινῶν G3983 καὶ λύκος διψῶν ὃς τυραννεῗ πτωχὸς ὢν ἔθνους πενιχροῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 5:27 - οὐ πεινάσουσιν G3983 οὐδὲ κοπιάσουσιν οὐδὲ νυστάξουσιν οὐδὲ κοιμηθήσονται οὐδὲ λύσουσιν τὰς ζώνας αὐτῶν ἀπὸ τῆς ὀσφύος αὐτῶν οὐδὲ μὴ ῥαγῶσιν οἱ ἱμάντες τῶν ὑποδημάτων αὐτῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 8:21 - καὶ ἥξει ἐφ᾽ ὑμᾶς σκληρὰ λιμός καὶ ἔσται ὡς ἂν πεινάσητε G3983 λυπηθήσεσθε καὶ κακῶς ἐρεῗτε τὸν ἄρχοντα καὶ τὰ παταχρα καὶ ἀναβλέψονται εἰς τὸν οὐρανὸν ἄνω
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 9:20 - (LXX 9:19)ἀλλὰ ἐκκλινεῗ εἰς τὰ δεξιά ὅτι πεινάσει G3983 καὶ φάγεται ἐκ τῶν ἀριστερῶν καὶ οὐ μὴ ἐμπλησθῇ ἄνθρωπος ἔσθων τὰς σάρκας τοῦ βραχίονος αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 28:12 - λέγοντες αὐτῷ τοῦτο τὸ ἀνάπαυμα τῷ πεινῶντι G3983 καὶ τοῦτο τὸ σύντριμμα καὶ οὐκ ἠθέλησαν ἀκούειν
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 32:6 - γὰρ μωρὸς μωρὰ λαλήσει καὶ καρδία αὐτοῦ μάταια νοήσει τοῦ συντελεῗν ἄνομα καὶ λαλεῗν πρὸς κύριον πλάνησιν τοῦ διασπεῗραι ψυχὰς πεινώσας G3983 καὶ τὰς ψυχὰς τὰς διψώσας κενὰς ποιῆσαι
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:28 - καὶ νῦν οὐκ ἔγνως εἰ μὴ ἤκουσας θεὸς αἰώνιος θεὸς κατασκευάσας τὰ ἄκρα τῆς γῆς οὐ πεινάσει G3983 οὐδὲ κοπιάσει οὐδὲ ἔστιν ἐξεύρεσις τῆς φρονήσεως αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:29 - διδοὺς τοῗς πεινῶσιν G3983 ἰσχὺν καὶ τοῗς μὴ ὀδυνωμένοις λύπην
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:30 - πεινάσουσιν G3983 γὰρ νεώτεροι καὶ κοπιάσουσιν νεανίσκοι καὶ ἐκλεκτοὶ ἀνίσχυες ἔσονται
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 40:31 - οἱ δὲ ὑπομένοντες τὸν θεὸν ἀλλάξουσιν ἰσχύν πτεροφυήσουσιν ὡς ἀετοί δραμοῦνται καὶ οὐ κοπιάσουσιν βαδιοῦνται καὶ οὐ πεινάσουσιν G3983
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 44:12 - ὅτι ὤξυνεν τέκτων σίδηρον σκεπάρνῳ εἰργάσατο αὐτὸ καὶ ἐν τερέτρῳ ἔτρησεν αὐτό εἰργάσατο αὐτὸ ἐν τῷ βραχίονι τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ καὶ πεινάσει G3983 καὶ ἀσθενήσει καὶ οὐ μὴ πίῃ ὕδωρ ἐκλεξάμενος
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 46:2 - καὶ πεινῶντι G3983 καὶ ἐκλελυμένῳ οὐκ ἰσχύοντι ἅμα οἳ οὐ δυνήσονται σωθῆναι ἀπὸ πολέμου αὐτοὶ δὲ αἰχμάλωτοι ἤχθησαν
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 49:10 - οὐ πεινάσουσιν G3983 οὐδὲ διψήσουσιν οὐδὲ πατάξει αὐτοὺς καύσων οὐδὲ ἥλιος ἀλλὰ ἐλεῶν αὐτοὺς παρακαλέσει καὶ διὰ πηγῶν ὑδάτων ἄξει αὐτούς
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:7 - διάθρυπτε πεινῶντι G3983 τὸν ἄρτον σου καὶ πτωχοὺς ἀστέγους εἴσαγε εἰς τὸν οἶκόν σου ἐὰν ἴδῃς γυμνόν περίβαλε καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκείων τοῦ σπέρματός σου οὐχ ὑπερόψῃ
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 58:10 - καὶ δῷς πεινῶντι G3983 τὸν ἄρτον ἐκ ψυχῆς σου καὶ ψυχὴν τεταπεινωμένην ἐμπλήσῃς τότε ἀνατελεῗ ἐν τῷ σκότει τὸ φῶς σου καὶ τὸ σκότος σου ὡς μεσημβρία
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 65:13 - διὰ τοῦτο τάδε λέγει κύριος ἰδοὺ οἱ δουλεύοντές μοι φάγονται ὑμεῗς δὲ πεινάσετε G3983 ἰδοὺ οἱ δουλεύοντές μοι πίονται ὑμεῗς δὲ διψήσετε ἰδοὺ οἱ δουλεύοντές μοι εὐφρανθήσονται ὑμεῗς δὲ αἰσχυνθήσεσθε
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:12 - (LXX 38:12)καὶ ἥξουσιν καὶ εὐφρανθήσονται ἐν τῷ ὄρει Σιων καὶ ἥξουσιν ἐπ᾽ ἀγαθὰ κυρίου ἐπὶ γῆν σίτου καὶ οἴνου καὶ καρπῶν καὶ κτηνῶν καὶ προβάτων καὶ ἔσται ψυχὴ αὐτῶν ὥσπερ ξύλον ἔγκαρπον καὶ οὐ πεινάσουσιν G3983 ἔτι
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 31:25 - (LXX 38:25)ὅτι ἐμέθυσα πᾶσαν ψυχὴν διψῶσαν καὶ πᾶσαν ψυχὴν πεινῶσαν G3983 ἐνέπλησα
Unchecked Copy BoxJer 42:14 - (LXX 49:14)ὅτι εἰς γῆν Αἰγύπτου εἰσελευσόμεθα καὶ οὐ μὴ ἴδωμεν πόλεμον καὶ φωνὴν σάλπιγγος οὐ μὴ ἀκούσωμεν καὶ ἐν ἄρτοις οὐ μὴ πεινάσωμεν G3983 καὶ ἐκεῗ οἰκήσομεν
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:7 - καὶ ἄνθρωπον οὐ μὴ καταδυναστεύσῃ ἐνεχυρασμὸν ὀφείλοντος ἀποδώσει καὶ ἅρπαγμα οὐχ ἁρπᾶται τὸν ἄρτον αὐτοῦ τῷ πεινῶντι G3983 δώσει καὶ γυμνὸν περιβαλεῗ
Unchecked Copy BoxEze 18:16 - καὶ ἄνθρωπον οὐ κατεδυνάστευσεν καὶ ἐνεχυρασμὸν οὐκ ἐνεχύρασεν καὶ ἅρπαγμα οὐχ ἥρπασεν τὸν ἄρτον αὐτοῦ τῷ πεινῶντι G3983 ἔδωκεν καὶ γυμνὸν περιέβαλεν

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