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Lexicon :: Strong's G3985 - peirazō

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πειράζω
Transliteration
peirazō (Key)
Pronunciation
pi-rad'-zo
Listen
Part of Speech
verb
Root Word (Etymology)
mGNT
38x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
38x in 19 unique form(s)
LXX
29x in 13 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:23,822

Trench's Synonyms: lxxiv. δοκιμάζω, πειράζω.

Strong’s Definitions

πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x

The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 39x
The KJV translates Strong's G3985 in the following manner: tempt (29x), try (4x), tempter (2x), prove (1x), assay (1x), examine (1x), go about (1x).
  1. to try whether a thing can be done

    1. to attempt, endeavour

  2. to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself

    1. in a good sense

    2. in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments

    3. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin

      1. to solicit to sin, to tempt

        1. of the temptations of the devil

    4. after the OT usage

      1. of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith

      2. men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted

      3. by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πειράζω peirázō, pi-rad'-zo; from G3984; to test (objectively), i.e. endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline:—assay, examine, go about, prove, tempt(-er), try.
STRONGS NT 3985: πειράζω
πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:
1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; Acts 16:7; 24:6.
2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;
a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.
b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.
c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg. tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.
d. After the O. T. usage
α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); Hebrews 11:17,37 (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(Wisdom 11:9); Judith 8:25f).
β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (Ps. 78:41), Psalms 77:56; Psalms 105:14 (Psalms 106:14), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Genesis
22:1
Exodus
17:2; 17:7; 20:20
Numbers
14:22
Deuteronomy
8:2
Psalms
78:41; 105:14; 106:14
Matthew
4:1; 4:3; 4:3; 16:1; 19:3; 22:18; 22:35; 22:35
Mark
1:13; 8:11; 10:2; 12:15
Luke
4:2; 11:16; 20:23
John
6:6; 8:6
Acts
5:9; 9:26; 15:10; 16:7; 24:6
1 Corinthians
7:5; 10:9; 10:13
2 Corinthians
13:5
Galatians
6:1
1 Thessalonians
3:5; 3:5
Hebrews
2:18; 3:9; 3:9; 4:15; 4:15; 11:17; 11:37
James
1:13
Revelation
2:2; 2:2; 2:10; 3:10

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G3985 matches the Greek πειράζω (peirazō),
which occurs 29 times in 29 verses in the LXX Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 22:1 - καὶ ἐγένετο μετὰ τὰ ῥήματα ταῦτα θεὸς ἐπείραζεν G3985 τὸν Αβρααμ καὶ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτόν Αβρααμ Αβρααμ δὲ εἶπεν ἰδοὺ ἐγώ
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 15:25 - ἐβόησεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς κύριον καὶ ἔδειξεν αὐτῷ κύριος ξύλον καὶ ἐνέβαλεν αὐτὸ εἰς τὸ ὕδωρ καὶ ἐγλυκάνθη τὸ ὕδωρ ἐκεῗ ἔθετο αὐτῷ δικαιώματα καὶ κρίσεις καὶ ἐκεῗ ἐπείρασεν G3985 αὐτὸν
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 16:4 - εἶπεν δὲ κύριος πρὸς Μωυσῆν ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ὕω ὑμῗν ἄρτους ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καὶ ἐξελεύσεται λαὸς καὶ συλλέξουσιν τὸ τῆς ἡμέρας εἰς ἡμέραν ὅπως πειράσω G3985 αὐτοὺς εἰ πορεύσονται τῷ νόμῳ μου οὔ
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:2 - καὶ ἐλοιδορεῗτο λαὸς πρὸς Μωυσῆν λέγοντες δὸς ἡμῗν ὕδωρ ἵνα πίωμεν καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῗς Μωυσῆς τί λοιδορεῗσθέ μοι καὶ τί πειράζετε G3985 κύριον
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 17:7 - καὶ ἐπωνόμασεν τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ τόπου ἐκείνου πειρασμὸς καὶ λοιδόρησις διὰ τὴν λοιδορίαν τῶν υἱῶν Ισραηλ καὶ διὰ τὸ πειράζειν G3985 κύριον λέγοντας εἰ ἔστιν κύριος ἐν ἡμῗν οὔ
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 20:20 - καὶ λέγει αὐτοῗς Μωυσῆς θαρσεῗτε ἕνεκεν γὰρ τοῦ πειράσαι G3985 ὑμᾶς παρεγενήθη θεὸς πρὸς ὑμᾶς ὅπως ἂν γένηται φόβος αὐτοῦ ἐν ὑμῗν ἵνα μὴ ἁμαρτάνητε
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 14:22 - ὅτι πάντες οἱ ἄνδρες οἱ ὁρῶντες τὴν δόξαν μου καὶ τὰ σημεῗα ἐποίησα ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ καὶ ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ ταύτῃ καὶ ἐπείρασάν G3985 με τοῦτο δέκατον καὶ οὐκ εἰσήκουσάν μου τῆς φωνῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 4:34 - εἰ ἐπείρασεν G3985 θεὸς εἰσελθὼν λαβεῗν ἑαυτῷ ἔθνος ἐκ μέσου ἔθνους ἐν πειρασμῷ καὶ ἐν σημείοις καὶ ἐν τέρασιν καὶ ἐν πολέμῳ καὶ ἐν χειρὶ κραταιᾷ καὶ ἐν βραχίονι ὑψηλῷ καὶ ἐν ὁράμασιν μεγάλοις κατὰ πάντα ὅσα ἐποίησεν κύριος θεὸς ἡμῶν ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ ἐνώπιόν σου βλέποντος
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 13:3 - (LXX 13:4)οὐκ ἀκούσεσθε τῶν λόγων τοῦ προφήτου ἐκείνου τοῦ ἐνυπνιαζομένου τὸ ἐνύπνιον ἐκεῗνο ὅτι πειράζει G3985 κύριος θεὸς ὑμᾶς εἰδέναι εἰ ἀγαπᾶτε κύριον τὸν θεὸν ὑμῶν ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας ὑμῶν καὶ ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ψυχῆς ὑμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 33:8 - καὶ τῷ Λευι εἶπεν δότε Λευι δήλους αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀλήθειαν αὐτοῦ τῷ ἀνδρὶ τῷ ὁσίῳ ὃν ἐπείρασαν G3985 αὐτὸν ἐν πείρᾳ ἐλοιδόρησαν αὐτὸν ἐπὶ ὕδατος ἀντιλογίας
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 2:22 - τοῦ πειράσαι G3985 ἐν αὐτοῗς τὸν Ισραηλ εἰ φυλάσσονται τὴν ὁδὸν κυρίου πορεύεσθαι ἐν αὐτῇ ὃν τρόπον ἐφυλάξαντο οἱ πατέρες αὐτῶν οὔ
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:1 - καὶ ταῦτα τὰ ἔθνη ἀφῆκεν Ἰησοῦς ὥστε πειράσαι G3985 ἐν αὐτοῗς τὸν Ισραηλ πάντας τοὺς μὴ ἐγνωκότας πάντας τοὺς πολέμους Χανααν
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 3:4 - καὶ ἐγένετο ὥστε πειράσαι G3985 ἐν αὐτοῗς τὸν Ισραηλ γνῶναι εἰ ἀκούσονται τὰς ἐντολὰς κυρίου ἃς ἐνετείλατο τοῗς πατράσιν αὐτῶν ἐν χειρὶ Μωυσῆ
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 6:39 - καὶ εἶπεν Γεδεων πρὸς τὸν θεόν μὴ ὀργισθήτω θυμός σου ἐν ἐμοί καὶ λαλήσω ἔτι ἅπαξ καὶ πειράσω G3985 ἔτι ἅπαξ ἐν τῷ πόκῳ καὶ γενηθήτω ξηρασία ἐπὶ τὸν πόκον μόνον ἐπὶ δὲ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν γενηθήτω δρόσος
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 17:39 - καὶ ἔζωσεν τὸν Δαυιδ τὴν ῥομφαίαν αὐτοῦ ἐπάνω τοῦ μανδύου αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκοπίασεν περιπατήσας ἅπαξ καὶ δίς καὶ εἶπεν Δαυιδ πρὸς Σαουλ οὐ μὴ δύνωμαι πορευθῆναι ἐν τούτοις ὅτι οὐ πεπείραμαι G3985 καὶ ἀφαιροῦσιν αὐτὰ ἀπ᾽ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy Box1Ki 10:1 - καὶ βασίλισσα Σαβα ἤκουσεν τὸ ὄνομα Σαλωμων καὶ τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου καὶ ἦλθεν πειράσαι G3985 αὐτὸν ἐν αἰνίγμασιν
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 9:1 - καὶ βασίλισσα Σαβα ἤκουσεν τὸ ὄνομα Σαλωμων καὶ ἦλθεν τοῦ πειράσαι G3985 Σαλωμων ἐν αἰνίγμασιν εἰς Ιερουσαλημ ἐν δυνάμει βαρείᾳ σφόδρα καὶ κάμηλοι αἴρουσαι ἀρώματα καὶ χρυσίον εἰς πλῆθος καὶ λίθον τίμιον καὶ ἦλθεν πρὸς Σαλωμων καὶ ἐλάλησεν πρὸς αὐτὸν πάντα ὅσα ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ αὐτῆς
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 32:31 - καὶ οὕτως τοῗς πρεσβευταῗς τῶν ἀρχόντων ἀπὸ Βαβυλῶνος τοῗς ἀποσταλεῗσιν πρὸς αὐτὸν πυθέσθαι παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ τὸ τέρας ἐγένετο ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς καὶ ἐγκατέλιπεν αὐτὸν κύριος τοῦ πειράσαι G3985 αὐτὸν εἰδέναι τὰ ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 26:2 - (LXX 25:2)δοκίμασόν με κύριε καὶ πείρασόν G3985 με πύρωσον τοὺς νεφρούς μου καὶ τὴν καρδίαν μου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:16 - (LXX 34:16)ἐπείρασάν G3985 με ἐξεμυκτήρισάν με μυκτηρισμόν ἔβρυξαν ἐπ᾽ ἐμὲ τοὺς ὀδόντας αὐτῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:41 - (LXX 77:41)καὶ ἐπέστρεψαν καὶ ἐπείρασαν G3985 τὸν θεὸν καὶ τὸν ἅγιον τοῦ Ισραηλ παρώξυναν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 78:56 - (LXX 77:56)καὶ ἐπείρασαν G3985 καὶ παρεπίκραναν τὸν θεὸν τὸν ὕψιστον καὶ τὰ μαρτύρια αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἐφυλάξαντο
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 95:9 - (LXX 94:9)οὗ ἐπείρασαν G3985 οἱ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἐδοκίμασαν καὶ εἴδοσαν τὰ ἔργα μου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 106:14 - (LXX 105:14)καὶ ἐπεθύμησαν ἐπιθυμίαν ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ καὶ ἐπείρασαν G3985 τὸν θεὸν ἐν ἀνύδρῳ
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 2:1 - εἶπον ἐγὼ ἐν καρδίᾳ μου δεῦρο δὴ πειράσω G3985 σε ἐν εὐφροσύνῃ καὶ ἰδὲ ἐν ἀγαθῷ καὶ ἰδοὺ καί γε τοῦτο ματαιότης
Unchecked Copy BoxEcc 7:23 - πάντα ταῦτα ἐπείρασα G3985 ἐν τῇ σοφίᾳ εἶπα σοφισθήσομαι
Unchecked Copy BoxIsa 7:12 - καὶ εἶπεν Αχαζ οὐ μὴ αἰτήσω οὐδ᾽ οὐ μὴ πειράσω G3985 κύριον
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 1:12 - πείρασον G3985 δὴ τοὺς παῗδάς σου ἡμέρας δέκα καὶ δότωσαν ἡμῗν ἀπὸ τῶν σπερμάτων καὶ φαγόμεθα καὶ ὕδωρ πιόμεθα
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 1:14 - καὶ εἰσήκουσεν αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπείρασεν G3985 αὐτοὺς ἡμέρας δέκα

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