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Lexicon :: Strong's G4190 - ponēros

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πονηρός
Transliteration
ponēros (Key)
Pronunciation
pon-ay-ros'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From a derivative of πόνος (G4192)
mGNT
78x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
77x in 21 unique form(s)
LXX
294x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:546,912

Trench's Synonyms: lxxxiv. κακός, πονηρός, φαῦλος.

Strong’s Definitions

πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. full of labours, annoyances, hardships

    1. pressed and harassed by labours

    2. bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble

  2. bad, of a bad nature or condition

    1. in a physical sense: diseased or blind

    2. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad

      Referring to Mat 6:13: "Although the KJV renders this 'deliver us from evil,' the presence of the article indicates not evil in general, but the evil one himself. In the context of Matthew's Gospel, such deliverance from the devil seems to be linked to Jesus' temptation in 4:1-10: Because the Spirit led him into temptation by the evil one, believers now participate in his victory" (Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, p. 233).
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.
STRONGS NT 4190: πονηρός
πονηρός (on the accent cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 3 Göttling, Lehre v., Accent, p. 304f; (Chandler §§ 404, 405); Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 26), πονηρά, πονηρόν; comparitive πονηρότερος (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26); (πονέω, πόνος); from Hesiod (Homer (ep. 15, 20), Theog.) down; the Sept. often for רַע;
1. full of labors, annoyances, hardships;
a. pressed and harassed by labors; thus Hercules is called πονηροτατος καί ἄριστος, Hesiod fragment 43, 5.
b. bringing toils, annoyances, perils: (καιρός, Sir. 51:12); ἡμέρα πονηρά, of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness, Ephesians 5:16; Ephesians 6:13 (so in the plural ἡμέραι πονηραί the Epistle of Barnabas 2, 1 [ET]); causing pain and trouble (A. V. grievous), ἕλκος, Revelation 16:2.
2. bad, of a bad nature or condition;
a. in a physical sense: ὀφθαλμός, diseased or blind, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34 (πονηρία ὀφθαλμῶν, Plato, Hipp., min., p. 374 d.; the Greeks use πονηρῶς ἔχειν or διακεῖσθαι of the sick; ἐκ γενετῆς πονηρούς ὑγιεῖς πεποιηκέναι, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 22 ((cf. Otto's note); others take πονηρός in Matthew and Luke as above ethically; cf. b. and Meyer on Matt.)); καρπός, Matthew 7:17f.
b. in an ethical sense, evil, wicked, bad, etc. ("this use of the word is due to its association with the working (largely the servile) class; not that contempt for labor is thereby expressed, for such words as ἐργάτης, δραστηρ, and the like, do not take on this evil sense, which connected itself only with a word expressive of unintermitted toil and carrying no suggestion of results" (cf. Schmidt, chapter 85, § 1); see κακία, at the end); of persons: Matthew 7:11; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 18:32; Matthew 25:26; Luke 6:45; Luke 11:13; Luke 19:22; Acts 17:5; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Timothy 3:13; γενεά πονηρά, Matthew 12:39, 45; Matthew 16:4; Luke 11:29; πνεῦμα πονηρόν, an evil spirit (see πνεῦμα, 3 c.), Matthew 12:45; Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Luke 11:26; Acts 19:12f, 15f; substantively οἱ πονηροί, the wicked, bad men, opposed to οἱ δίκαιοι, Matthew 13:49; πονηροί καί ἀγαθοί, Matthew 5:45; Matthew 22:10; ἀχάριστοι καί πονηροί, Luke 6:35; τόν πονηρόν, the wicked man, i. e. the evil-doer spoken of, 1 Corinthians 5:13; τῷ πονηρῷ, the evil man, who injures you, Matthew 5:39. πονηρός is used pre-eminently of the devil, the evil one: Matthew 5:37; Matthew 6:13; Matthew 13:19, 38; Luke 11:4 R L; John 17:15; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18f (on which see κεῖμαι, 2{c}); Ephesians 6:16. of things: αἰών, Galatians 1:4; ὄνομα (which see 1, p. 447a bottom), Luke 6:22; ῤᾳδιούργημα, Acts 18:14; the heart as a storehouse out of which a man brings forth πονηρά words is called θησαυρός πονηρός, Matthew 12:35; Luke 6:45; συνείδησις πονηρά, a soul conscious of wickedness (conscious wickedness; see συνείδησις, b. sub at the end), Hebrews 10:22; καρδία πονηρά ἀπιστίας, an evil heart such as is revealed in distrusting (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 24; Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4), Hebrews 3:12; ὀφθαλμός (which see), Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22; διαλογισμοί, Matthew 15:19; James 2:4; ὑπόνοιαι, 1 Timothy 6:4; καύχησις; James 4:16; ῤῆμα, a reproach, Matthew 5:11 (R G; others omit ῤῆμα); λόγοι, 3 John 1:10; ἔργα, John 3:19; John 7:7; 1 John 3:12; 2 John 1:11; Colossians 1:21; ἔργον (according to the context) wrong committed against me, 2 Timothy 4:18; αἰτία, charge of crime, Acts 25:18 L T Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading The neuter πονηρόν, and τό πονηρόν, substantively, evil, that which is wicked: εἶδος πονηροῦ (see εἶδος, 2; (others take πονηροῦ here as an adjective, and bring the example under εἶδος, 1 (R. V. marginal reading appearance of evil))), 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (where τοῦ πονηροῦ is held by many to be the genitive of the masculine πονηρός, but cf. Lünemann ad loc.); (τί πονηρόν, Acts 28:21); opposed to τό ἀγαθόν, Luke 6:45; Romans 12:9; plural (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 2), Matthew 9:4; Luke 3:19; wicked deeds, Acts 25:18 Tr text WH text; ταῦτα τά πονηρά, these evil things i. e. the vices just enumerated, Mark 7:23.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
5:11; 5:37; 5:39; 5:45; 6:13; 6:23; 7:11; 7:17; 9:4; 12:34; 12:35; 12:39; 12:45; 12:45; 12:45; 13:19; 13:38; 13:49; 15:19; 16:4; 18:32; 20:15; 22:10; 25:26
Mark
7:22; 7:23
Luke
3:19; 6:22; 6:35; 6:45; 6:45; 6:45; 7:21; 8:2; 11:4; 11:13; 11:26; 11:26; 11:29; 11:34; 19:22
John
3:19; 7:7; 17:15
Acts
17:5; 18:14; 19:12; 19:15; 25:18; 25:18; 28:21
Romans
12:9
1 Corinthians
5:13
Galatians
1:4
Ephesians
5:16; 6:13; 6:16
Colossians
1:21
1 Thessalonians
5:22
2 Thessalonians
3:2; 3:3
1 Timothy
6:4
2 Timothy
3:13; 4:18
Hebrews
3:12; 10:22
James
2:4; 4:16
1 John
2:13; 3:12; 3:12; 5:18
2 John
1:11
3 John
1:10
Revelation
16:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4190 matches the Greek πονηρός (ponēros),
which occurs 77 times in 72 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 5:11–Gal 1:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:11 - “Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil G4190 against you because of Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:37 - “But make sure your statement is, ‘[fn]Yes, yesor ‘No, no’; anything beyond these is [fn]of evil G4190 origin.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:39 - “But I say to you, do not show opposition against an evil G4190 person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other toward him also.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:45 - so that you may prove yourselves to be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil G4190 and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:13 - ‘And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from [fn]evil G4190.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:23 - “But if your eye is [fn]bad G4190, your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light that is in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:11 - “So if you, despite being [fn]evil G4190, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask Him!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:17 - “So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad G4190 fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:18 - “A good tree cannot bear bad G4190 fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:4 - And Jesus, perceiving their thoughts, said, “Why are you thinking evil G4190 in your hearts?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:34 - “You [fn]offspring of vipers, how can you, being evil G4190, express any good things? For the mouth speaks from that which fills the heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:35 - “The good person brings out of his good treasure good things; and the evil G4190 person brings out of his evil G4190 treasure evil G4190 things G4190.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:39 - But He answered and said to them, “An evil G4190 and adulterous generation craves a [fn]sign; and so no [fn]sign will be given to it except the [fn]sign of Jonah the prophet;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:45 - “Then it goes and brings along with it seven other spirits more G4190 wicked G4190 than itself, and they come in and live there; and the last condition of that person becomes worse than the first. That is the way it will also be with this evil G4190 generation.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:19 - “When anyone hears the [fn]word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil G4190 one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is the one sown with seed beside the road.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the weeds are the sons of the evil G4190 one;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:49 - “So it will be at the [fn]end of the age: the angels will come forth and remove the wicked G4190 from among the righteous,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:19 - “For out of the heart come evil G4190 thoughts, murders, acts of adultery, other immoral sexual acts, thefts, false testimonies, and [fn]slanderous statements.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:4 - “An evil G4190 and adulterous generation wants a [fn]sign; and so a [fn]sign will not be given to it, except the sign of Jonah.” And He left them and went away.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:32 - “Then summoning him, his master *said to him, ‘You wicked G4190 slave, I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:15 - ‘Is it not lawful for me to do what I want with what is my own? Or is your eye [fn]envious G4190 because I am [fn]generous?’
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:10 - “Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered together all whom they found, both bad G4190 and good; and the wedding hall was filled with [fn]dinner guests.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:26 - “But his master answered and said to him, ‘You [fn]worthless G4190, lazy slave! Did you know that I reap where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter seed?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:22 - deeds of greed, wickedness, deceit, indecent behavior, [fn]envy G4190, slander, [fn]pride, and foolishness.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:23 - “All these evil G4190 things G4190 come from within and defile the person.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:19 - But when Herod the tetrarch was reprimanded by him regarding Herodias, his brother’s wife, and regarding all the evil G4190 things G4190 which Herod had done,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:22 - “Blessed are you when the people hate you, and when they [fn]exclude you, and insult you, and scorn your name as evil G4190, on account of the Son of Man.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:35 - “But love your enemies and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to ungrateful and evil G4190 people.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:45 - “The good person out of the good [fn]treasure of his heart brings forth what is good; and the evil G4190 person out of the evil G4190 treasure brings forth what G4190 is G4190 evil G4190; for his mouth speaks from [fn]that which fills his heart.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:21 - At that very [fn]time He cured many people of diseases and afflictions and evil G4190 spirits; and He gave sight to many who were blind.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:2 - and also some women who had been healed of evil G4190 spirits and sicknesses: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:4 - ‘And forgive us our sins,
For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
And do not lead us into temptation.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:13 - “So if you, despite being [fn]evil G4190, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will [fn]your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:26 - “Then it goes and brings along seven other spirits more G4190 evil G4190 than itself, and they come in and live there; and the last condition of that person becomes worse than the first.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:29 - Now as the crowds were increasing, He began to say, “This generation is a wicked G4190 generation; it demands a [fn]sign, and so no [fn]sign will be given to it except the [fn]sign of Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:34 - “Your eye is the lamp of your body; when your eye is [fn]clear, your whole body also is full of light; but when it is [fn]bad G4190, your body also is full of darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:22 - “He *said to him, ‘[fn]From your own lips I will judge you, you worthless G4190 slave. Did you know that I am a demanding man, taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:19 - “And this is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the Light; for their deeds were evil G4190.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:7 - “The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify about it, that its deeds are evil G4190.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:15 - “I am not asking You to take them out of the world, but to keep them away from [fn]the evil G4190 one.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 17:5 - But the Jews, becoming jealous and taking along some wicked G4190 men from the marketplace, formed a mob and set the city in an uproar; and they attacked the house of Jason and were seeking to bring them out to the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:14 - But when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, “If it were a matter of some crime or vicious G4190, unscrupulous act, O Jews, it would be reasonable for me to put up with you;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:12 - so that handkerchiefs or aprons were even carried from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil G4190 spirits went out.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:13 - But also some of the Jewish exorcists, who went from place to place, attempted to [fn]use the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had the evil G4190 spirits, saying, “I order you in the name of Jesus whom Paul preaches!”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:15 - But the evil G4190 spirit responded and said to them, “I recognize Jesus, and I know of Paul, but who are you?”
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:16 - And the man in whom was the evil G4190 spirit, pounced on them and subdued all of them and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:21 - They said to him, “We have neither received letters from Judea concerning you, nor has any of the brothers come here and reported or spoken anything bad G4190 about you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 12:9 - [fn]Love must be free of hypocrisy. Detest what G4190 is G4190 evil G4190; cling to what is good.
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 5:13 - But those who are outside, God [fn]judges. REMOVE THE EVIL G4190 PERSON G4190 FROM AMONG YOURSELVES.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 1:4 - who gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from this present evil G4190 [fn]age, according to the will of our God and Father,

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