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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G4190 - ponēros

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πονηρός
Transliteration
ponēros (Key)
Pronunciation
pon-ay-ros'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From a derivative of πόνος (G4192)
mGNT
78x in 20 unique form(s)
TR
77x in 21 unique form(s)
LXX
294x in 21 unique form(s)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:546,912

Trench's Synonyms: lxxxiv. κακός, πονηρός, φαῦλος.

Strong’s Definitions

πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x

The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 76x
The KJV translates Strong's G4190 in the following manner: evil (51x), wicked (10x), wicked one (6x), evil things (2x), miscellaneous (7x).
  1. full of labours, annoyances, hardships

    1. pressed and harassed by labours

    2. bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble

  2. bad, of a bad nature or condition

    1. in a physical sense: diseased or blind

    2. in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad

      Referring to Mat 6:13: "Although the KJV renders this 'deliver us from evil,' the presence of the article indicates not evil in general, but the evil one himself. In the context of Matthew's Gospel, such deliverance from the devil seems to be linked to Jesus' temptation in 4:1-10: Because the Spirit led him into temptation by the evil one, believers now participate in his victory" (Daniel B. Wallace, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, p. 233).
Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πονηρός ponērós, pon-ay-ros'; from a derivative of G4192; hurtful, i.e. evil (properly, in effect or influence, and thus differing from G2556, which refers rather to essential character, as well as from G4550, which indicates degeneracy from original virtue); figuratively, calamitous; also (passively) ill, i.e. diseased; but especially (morally) culpable, i.e. derelict, vicious, facinorous; neuter (singular) mischief, malice, or (plural) guilt; masculine (singular) the devil, or (plural) sinners:—bad, evil, grievous, harm, lewd, malicious, wicked(-ness). See also G4191.
STRONGS G4190:
πονηρός (on the accent cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 3 Göttling, Lehre v., Accent, p. 304f; (Chandler §§ 404, 405); Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 26), πονηρά, πονηρόν; comparitive πονηρότερος (Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26); (πονέω, πόνος); from Hesiod (Homer (ep. 15, 20), Theog.) down; the Sept. often for רַע;
1. full of labors, annoyances, hardships;
a. pressed and harassed by labors; thus Hercules is called πονηροτατος καί ἄριστος, Hesiod fragment 43, 5.
b. bringing toils, annoyances, perils: (καιρός, Sir. 51:12); ἡμέρα πονηρά, of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness, Ephesians 5:16; Ephesians 6:13 (so in the plural ἡμέραι πονηραί the Epistle of Barnabas 2, 1 [ET]); causing pain and trouble (A. V. grievous), ἕλκος, Revelation 16:2.
2. bad, of a bad nature or condition;
a. in a physical sense: ὀφθαλμός, diseased or blind, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:34 (πονηρία ὀφθαλμῶν, Plato, Hipp., min., p. 374 d.; the Greeks use πονηρῶς ἔχειν or διακεῖσθαι of the sick; ἐκ γενετῆς πονηρούς ὑγιεῖς πεποιηκέναι, Justin Martyr, Apology 1, 22 ((cf. Otto's note); others take πονηρός in Matthew and Luke as above ethically; cf. b. and Meyer on Matt.)); καρπός, Matthew 7:17f.
b. in an ethical sense, evil, wicked, bad, etc. ("this use of the word is due to its association with the working (largely the servile) class; not that contempt for labor is thereby expressed, for such words as ἐργάτης, δραστηρ, and the like, do not take on this evil sense, which connected itself only with a word expressive of unintermitted toil and carrying no suggestion of results" (cf. Schmidt, chapter 85, § 1); see κακία, at the end); of persons: Matthew 7:11; Matthew 12:34; Matthew 18:32; Matthew 25:26; Luke 6:45; Luke 11:13; Luke 19:22; Acts 17:5; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Timothy 3:13; γενεά πονηρά, Matthew 12:39, 45; Matthew 16:4; Luke 11:29; πνεῦμα πονηρόν, an evil spirit (see πνεῦμα, 3 c.), Matthew 12:45; Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Luke 11:26; Acts 19:12f, 15f; substantively οἱ πονηροί, the wicked, bad men, opposed to οἱ δίκαιοι, Matthew 13:49; πονηροί καί ἀγαθοί, Matthew 5:45; Matthew 22:10; ἀχάριστοι καί πονηροί, Luke 6:35; τόν πονηρόν, the wicked man, i. e. the evil-doer spoken of, 1 Corinthians 5:13; τῷ πονηρῷ, the evil man, who injures you, Matthew 5:39. πονηρός is used pre-eminently of the devil, the evil one: Matthew 5:37; Matthew 6:13; Matthew 13:19, 38; Luke 11:4 R L; John 17:15; 1 John 2:13; 1 John 3:12; 1 John 5:18f (on which see κεῖμαι, 2{c}); Ephesians 6:16. of things: αἰών, Galatians 1:4; ὄνομα (which see 1, p. 447a bottom), Luke 6:22; ῤᾳδιούργημα, Acts 18:14; the heart as a storehouse out of which a man brings forth πονηρά words is called θησαυρός πονηρός, Matthew 12:35; Luke 6:45; συνείδησις πονηρά, a soul conscious of wickedness (conscious wickedness; see συνείδησις, b. sub at the end), Hebrews 10:22; καρδία πονηρά ἀπιστίας, an evil heart such as is revealed in distrusting (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 24; Winer's Grammar, § 30, 4), Hebrews 3:12; ὀφθαλμός (which see), Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22; διαλογισμοί, Matthew 15:19; James 2:4; ὑπόνοιαι, 1 Timothy 6:4; καύχησις; James 4:16; ῤῆμα, a reproach, Matthew 5:11 (R G; others omit ῤῆμα); λόγοι, 3 John 1:10; ἔργα, John 3:19; John 7:7; 1 John 3:12; 2 John 1:11; Colossians 1:21; ἔργον (according to the context) wrong committed against me, 2 Timothy 4:18; αἰτία, charge of crime, Acts 25:18 L T Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading The neuter πονηρόν, and τό πονηρόν, substantively, evil, that which is wicked: εἶδος πονηροῦ (see εἶδος, 2; (others take πονηροῦ here as an adjective, and bring the example under εἶδος, 1 (R. V. marginal reading appearance of evil))), 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:3 (where τοῦ πονηροῦ is held by many to be the genitive of the masculine πονηρός, but cf. Lünemann ad loc.); (τί πονηρόν, Acts 28:21); opposed to τό ἀγαθόν, Luke 6:45; Romans 12:9; plural (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 2), Matthew 9:4; Luke 3:19; wicked deeds, Acts 25:18 Tr text WH text; ταῦτα τά πονηρά, these evil things i. e. the vices just enumerated, Mark 7:23.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
5:11; 5:37; 5:39; 5:45; 6:13; 6:23; 7:11; 7:17; 9:4; 12:34; 12:35; 12:39; 12:45; 12:45; 12:45; 13:19; 13:38; 13:49; 15:19; 16:4; 18:32; 20:15; 22:10; 25:26
Mark
7:22; 7:23
Luke
3:19; 6:22; 6:35; 6:45; 6:45; 6:45; 7:21; 8:2; 11:4; 11:13; 11:26; 11:26; 11:29; 11:34; 19:22
John
3:19; 7:7; 17:15
Acts
17:5; 18:14; 19:12; 19:15; 25:18; 25:18; 28:21
Romans
12:9
1 Corinthians
5:13
Galatians
1:4
Ephesians
5:16; 6:13; 6:16
Colossians
1:21
1 Thessalonians
5:22
2 Thessalonians
3:2; 3:3
1 Timothy
6:4
2 Timothy
3:13; 4:18
Hebrews
3:12; 10:22
James
2:4; 4:16
1 John
2:13; 3:12; 3:12; 5:18
2 John
1:11
3 John
1:10
Revelation
16:2

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4190 matches the Greek πονηρός (ponēros),
which occurs 78 times in 72 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Mat 5:11–Gal 1:4)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:11 - "Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:37 - Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; anything more than this comes from evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:39 - But I say to you, Do not resist one who is evil. But if any one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:45 - so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:13 - And lead us not into temptation, But deliver us from evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 6:23 - but if your eye is not sound, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:11 - If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:17 - So, every sound tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears evil fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 7:18 - A sound tree cannot bear evil fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 9:4 - But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:34 - You brood of vipers! how can you speak good, when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:35 - The good man out of his good treasure brings forth good, and the evil man out of his evil treasure brings forth evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:39 - But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign; but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 12:45 - Then he goes and brings with him seven other spirits more evil than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first. So shall it be also with this evil generation."
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:19 - When any one hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what is sown in his heart; this is what was sown along the path.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:38 - the field is the world, and the good seed means the sons of the kingdom; the weeds are the sons of the evil one,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 13:49 - So it will be at the close of the age. The angels will come out and separate the evil from the righteous,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 15:19 - For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:4 - An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah." So he left them and departed.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 18:32 - Then his lord summoned him and said to him, 'You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you besought me;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:15 - Am I not allowed to do what I choose with what belongs to me? Or do you begrudge my generosity?'
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 22:10 - And those servants went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good; so the wedding hall was filled with guests.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 25:26 - But his master answered him, 'You wicked and slothful servant! You knew that I reap where I have not sowed, and gather where I have not winnowed?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:22 - coveting, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness, envy, slander, pride, foolishness.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 7:23 - All these evil things come from within, and they defile a man."
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:19 - But Herod the tetrarch, who had been reproved by him for Hero'di-as, his brother's wife, and for all the evil things that Herod had done,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:22 - "Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude you and revile you, and cast out your name as evil, on account of the Son of man!
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:35 - But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the selfish.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:45 - The good man out of the good treasure of his heart produces good, and the evil man out of his evil treasure produces evil; for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:21 - In that hour he cured many of diseases and plagues and evil spirits, and on many that were blind he bestowed sight.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 8:2 - and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary, called Mag'dalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:13 - If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!"
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:26 - Then he goes and brings seven other spirits more evil than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first."
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:29 - When the crowds were increasing, he began to say, "This generation is an evil generation; it seeks a sign, but no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 11:34 - Your eye is the lamp of your body; when your eye is sound, your whole body is full of light; but when it is not sound, your body is full of darkness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:22 - He said to him, 'I will condemn you out of your own mouth, you wicked servant! You knew that I was a severe man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping what I did not sow?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 3:19 - And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 7:7 - The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify of it that its works are evil.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 17:15 - I do not pray that thou shouldst take them out of the world, but that thou shouldst keep them from the evil one.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 17:5 - But the Jews were jealous, and taking some wicked fellows of the rabble, they gathered a crowd, set the city in an uproar, and attacked the house of Jason, seeking to bring them out to the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 18:14 - But when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, "If it were a matter of wrongdoing or vicious crime, I should have reason to bear with you, O Jews;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:12 - so that handkerchiefs or aprons were carried away from his body to the sick, and diseases left them and the evil spirits came out of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:13 - Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists undertook to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, "I adjure you by the Jesus whom Paul preaches."
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:15 - But the evil spirit answered them, "Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you?"
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 19:16 - And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, mastered all of them, and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 25:18 - When the accusers stood up, they brought no charge in his case of such evils as I supposed;
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 28:21 - And they said to him, "We have received no letters from Judea about you, and none of the brethren coming here has reported or spoken any evil about you.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 12:9 - Let love be genuine; hate what is evil, hold fast to what is good;
Unchecked Copy Box1Co 5:13 - God judges those outside. "Drive out the wicked person from among you."
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 1:4 - who gave himself for our sins to deliver us from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father;

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1. Currently on page 1/2 (Mat 5:11–Gal 1:4) Mat 5:11–Gal 1:4

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