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Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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πτωχός
Transliteration
ptōchos (Key)
Pronunciation
pto-khos'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
STRONGS NT 4434: πτωχός
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Isaiah
7:22; 61:1
Matthew
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
Mark
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
Luke
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
John
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
Romans
15:26
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
Galatians
2:10; 4:9
James
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
Revelation
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 34 times in 34 verses in the mgnt Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:3 - “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:5 - the blind receive their sight and the lame walk, lepers[fn] are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:21 - Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:9 - For this could have been sold for a large sum and given to the poor.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:11 - For you always have the poor with you, but you will not always have me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:21 - And Jesus, looking at him, loved him, and said to him, “You lack one thing: go, sell all that you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:42 - And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which make a penny.[fn]
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:43 - And he called his disciples to him and said to them, “Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:5 - For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii[fn] and given to the poor.” And they scolded her.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:7 - For you always have the poor with you, and whenever you want, you can do good for them. But you will not always have me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:18 - “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me
to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives
and recovering of sight to the blind,
to set at liberty those who are oppressed,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:20 - And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:22 - And he answered them, “Go and tell John what you have seen and heard: the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, lepers[fn] are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the poor have good news preached to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:13 - But when you give a feast, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, the blind,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:21 - So the servant came and reported these things to his master. Then the master of the house became angry and said to his servant, ‘Go out quickly to the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in the poor and crippled and blind and lame.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:20 - And at his gate was laid a poor man named Lazarus, covered with sores,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:22 - The poor man died and was carried by the angels to Abraham’s side.[fn] The rich man also died and was buried,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:22 - When Jesus heard this, he said to him, “One thing you still lack. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I restore it fourfold.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:3 - And he said, “Truly, I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all of them.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:5 - “Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii[fn] and given to the poor?”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:6 - He said this, not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief, and having charge of the moneybag he used to help himself to what was put into it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:8 - For the poor you always have with you, but you do not always have me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:29 - Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 15:26 - For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:10 - as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, yet possessing everything.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:10 - Only, they asked us to remember the poor, the very thing I was eager to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:9 - But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:2 - For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in,
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:3 - and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, “You sit here in a good place,” while you say to the poor man, “You stand over there,” or, “Sit down at my feet,”
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:5 - Listen, my beloved brothers, has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom, which he has promised to those who love him?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:6 - But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:17 - For you say, I am rich, I have prospered, and I need nothing, not realizing that you are wretched, pitiable, poor, blind, and naked.
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:16 - Also it causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave,[fn] to be marked on the right hand or the forehead,

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