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The Blue Letter Bible

Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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ptōchos (Key)
Part of Speech
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

7:22; 61:1
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
2:10; 4:9
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 92 times in 88 verses in the LXX Greek.

Page 1 / 2 (Exo 23:11–Pro 14:21)

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 23:11 - τῷ δὲ ἑβδόμῳ ἄφεσιν ποιήσεις καὶ ἀνήσεις αὐτήν καὶ ἔδονται οἱ πτωχοὶ G4434 τοῦ ἔθνους σου τὰ δὲ ὑπολειπόμενα ἔδεται τὰ ἄγρια θηρία οὕτως ποιήσεις τὸν ἀμπελῶνά σου καὶ τὸν ἐλαιῶνά σου
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:10 - καὶ τὸν ἀμπελῶνά σου οὐκ ἐπανατρυγήσεις οὐδὲ τοὺς ῥῶγας τοῦ ἀμπελῶνός σου συλλέξεις τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 καὶ τῷ προσηλύτῳ καταλείψεις αὐτά ἐγώ εἰμι κύριος θεὸς ὑμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 19:15 - οὐ ποιήσετε ἄδικον ἐν κρίσει οὐ λήμψῃ πρόσωπον πτωχοῦ G4434 οὐδὲ θαυμάσεις πρόσωπον δυνάστου ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ κρινεῖς τὸν πλησίον σου
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 23:22 - καὶ ὅταν θερίζητε τὸν θερισμὸν τῆς γῆς ὑμῶν οὐ συντελέσετε τὸ λοιπὸν τοῦ θερισμοῦ τοῦ ἀγροῦ σου ἐν τῷ θερίζειν σε καὶ τὰ ἀποπίπτοντα τοῦ θερισμοῦ σου οὐ συλλέξεις τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 καὶ τῷ προσηλύτῳ ὑπολείψῃ αὐτά ἐγὼ κύριος θεὸς ὑμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxDeu 24:19 - ἐὰν δὲ ἀμήσῃς ἀμητὸν ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ σου καὶ ἐπιλάθῃ δράγμα ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ σου οὐκ ἐπαναστραφήσῃ λαβεῖν αὐτό τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 καὶ τῷ προσηλύτῳ καὶ τῷ ὀρφανῷ καὶ τῇ χήρᾳ ἔσται ἵνα εὐλογήσῃ σε κύριος θεός σου ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἔργοις τῶν χειρῶν σου
Unchecked Copy BoxRth 3:10 - καὶ εἶπεν Βοος εὐλογημένη σὺ τῷ κυρίῳ θεῷ θύγατερ ὅτι ἠγάθυνας τὸ ἔλεός σου τὸ ἔσχατον ὑπὲρ τὸ πρῶτον τὸ μὴ πορευθῆναί σε ὀπίσω νεανιῶν εἴτοι πτωχὸς G4434 εἴτοι πλούσιος
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 2:8 - ἀνιστᾷ ἀπὸ γῆς πένητα καὶ ἀπὸ κοπρίας ἐγείρει πτωχὸν G4434 καθίσαι μετὰ δυναστῶν λαῶν καὶ θρόνον δόξης κατακληρονομῶν αὐτοῖς
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 22:28 - καὶ τὸν λαὸν τὸν πτωχὸν G4434 σώσεις καὶ ὀφθαλμοὺς ἐπὶ μετεώρων ταπεινώσεις
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 24:14 - καὶ ἀπῴκισεν τὴν Ιερουσαλημ καὶ πάντας τοὺς ἄρχοντας καὶ τοὺς δυνατοὺς ἰσχύι αἰχμαλωσίας δέκα χιλιάδας αἰχμαλωτίσας καὶ πᾶν τέκτονα καὶ τὸν συγκλείοντα καὶ οὐχ ὑπελείφθη πλὴν οἱ πτωχοὶ G4434 τῆς γῆς
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 25:12 - καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν πτωχῶν G4434 τῆς γῆς ὑπέλιπεν ἀρχιμάγειρος εἰς ἀμπελουργοὺς καὶ εἰς γαβιν
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 1:20 - καὶ ἀκουσθήτω νόμος ὑπὸ τοῦ βασιλέως ὃν ἐὰν ποιῇ ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ αὐτοῦ καὶ οὕτως πᾶσαι αἱ γυναῖκες περιθήσουσιν τιμὴν τοῖς ἀνδράσιν ἑαυτῶν ἀπὸ πτωχοῦ G4434 ἕως πλουσίου
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 9:22 - ἐν γὰρ ταύταις ταῖς ἡμέραις ἀνεπαύσαντο οἱ Ιουδαῖοι ἀπὸ τῶν ἐχθρῶν αὐτῶν καὶ τὸν μῆνα ἐν ἐστράφη αὐτοῖς ὃς ἦν Αδαρ ἀπὸ πένθους εἰς χαρὰν καὶ ἀπὸ ὀδύνης εἰς ἀγαθὴν ἡμέραν ἄγειν ὅλον ἀγαθὰς ἡμέρας γάμων καὶ εὐφροσύνης ἐξαποστέλλοντας μερίδας τοῖς φίλοις καὶ τοῖς πτωχοῖς G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:12 - διέσωσα γὰρ πτωχὸν G4434 ἐκ χειρὸς δυνάστου καὶ ὀρφανῷ οὐκ ἦν βοηθός ἐβοήθησα
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 34:28 - τοῦ ἐπαγαγεῖν ἐπ᾽ αὐτὸν κραυγὴν πένητος καὶ κραυγὴν πτωχῶν G4434 εἰσακούσεται
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:6 - ἀσεβῆ οὐ μὴ ζωοποιήσει καὶ κρίμα πτωχῶν G4434 δώσει
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 9:18 - (LXX 9:19)ὅτι οὐκ εἰς τέλος ἐπιλησθήσεται πτωχός G4434 ὑπομονὴ τῶν πενήτων οὐκ ἀπολεῖται εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:2 - (LXX 9:23)ἐν τῷ ὑπερηφανεύεσθαι τὸν ἀσεβῆ ἐμπυρίζεται ὁ πτωχός G4434 συλλαμβάνονται ἐν διαβουλίοις οἷς διαλογίζονται
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:9 - (LXX 9:30)ἐνεδρεύει ἐν ἀποκρύφῳ ὡς λέων ἐν τῇ μάνδρᾳ αὐτοῦ ἐνεδρεύει τοῦ ἁρπάσαι πτωχόν G4434 ἁρπάσαι πτωχὸν G4434 ἐν τῷ ἑλκύσαι αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 10:14 - (LXX 9:35)βλέπεις ὅτι σὺ πόνον καὶ θυμὸν κατανοεῖς τοῦ παραδοῦναι αὐτοὺς εἰς χεῖράς σου σοὶ οὖν ἐγκαταλέλειπται πτωχός G4434 ὀρφανῷ σὺ ἦσθα βοηθῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 12:5 - (LXX 11:6)ἀπὸ τῆς ταλαιπωρίας τῶν πτωχῶν G4434 καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ στεναγμοῦ τῶν πενήτων νῦν ἀναστήσομαι λέγει κύριος θήσομαι ἐν σωτηρίᾳ παρρησιάσομαι ἐν αὐτῷ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 14:6 - (LXX 13:6)βουλὴν πτωχοῦ G4434 κατῃσχύνατε ὅτι κύριος ἐλπὶς αὐτοῦ ἐστιν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 22:24 - (LXX 21:25)ὅτι οὐκ ἐξουδένωσεν οὐδὲ προσώχθισεν τῇ δεήσει τοῦ πτωχοῦ G4434 οὐδὲ ἀπέστρεψεν τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ ἀπ᾽ ἐμοῦ καὶ ἐν τῷ κεκραγέναι με πρὸς αὐτὸν εἰσήκουσέν μου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 25:16 - (LXX 24:16)ἐπίβλεψον ἐπ᾽ ἐμὲ καὶ ἐλέησόν με ὅτι μονογενὴς καὶ πτωχός G4434 εἰμι ἐγώ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 34:6 - (LXX 33:7)οὗτος πτωχὸς G4434 ἐκέκραξεν καὶ κύριος εἰσήκουσεν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἐκ πασῶν τῶν θλίψεων αὐτοῦ ἔσωσεν αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 35:10 - (LXX 34:10)πάντα τὰ ὀστᾶ μου ἐροῦσιν κύριε τίς ὅμοιός σοι ῥυόμενος πτωχὸν G4434 ἐκ χειρὸς στερεωτέρων αὐτοῦ καὶ πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ πένητα ἀπὸ τῶν διαρπαζόντων αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:14 - (LXX 36:14)ῥομφαίαν ἐσπάσαντο οἱ ἁμαρτωλοί ἐνέτειναν τόξον αὐτῶν τοῦ καταβαλεῖν πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ πένητα τοῦ σφάξαι τοὺς εὐθεῖς τῇ καρδίᾳ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 40:17 - (LXX 39:18)ἐγὼ δὲ πτωχός G4434 εἰμι καὶ πένης κύριος φροντιεῖ μου βοηθός μου καὶ ὑπερασπιστής μου σὺ εἶ θεός μου μὴ χρονίσῃς
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 41:1 - (LXX 40:1)εἰς τὸ τέλος ψαλμὸς τῷ Δαυιδ (40:2)μακάριος συνίων ἐπὶ πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ πένητα ἐν ἡμέρᾳ πονηρᾷ ῥύσεται αὐτὸν κύριος
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 68:10 - (LXX 67:11)τὰ ζῷά σου κατοικοῦσιν ἐν αὐτῇ ἡτοίμασας ἐν τῇ χρηστότητί σου τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 θεός
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:29 - (LXX 68:30)πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ ἀλγῶν εἰμι ἐγώ καὶ σωτηρία τοῦ προσώπου σου θεός ἀντελάβετό μου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 69:32 - (LXX 68:33)ἰδέτωσαν πτωχοὶ G4434 καὶ εὐφρανθήτωσαν ἐκζητήσατε τὸν θεόν καὶ ζήσεται ψυχὴ ὑμῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 70:5 - (LXX 69:6)ἐγὼ δὲ πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ πένης θεός βοήθησόν μοι βοηθός μου καὶ ῥύστης μου εἶ σύ κύριε μὴ χρονίσῃς
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:2 - (LXX 71:2)κρίνειν τὸν λαόν σου ἐν δικαιοσύνῃ καὶ τοὺς πτωχούς G4434 σου ἐν κρίσει
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:4 - κρινεῖ τοὺς πτωχοὺς τοῦ λαοῦ καὶ σώσει τοὺς υἱοὺς τῶν πενήτων καὶ ταπεινώσει συκοφάντην
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:12 - (LXX 71:12)ὅτι ἐρρύσατο πτωχὸν G4434 ἐκ χειρὸς δυνάστου καὶ πένητα οὐχ ὑπῆρχεν βοηθός
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 72:13 - (LXX 71:13)φείσεται πτωχοῦ G4434 καὶ πένητος καὶ ψυχὰς πενήτων σώσει
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 74:21 - (LXX 73:21)μὴ ἀποστραφήτω τεταπεινωμένος κατῃσχυμμένος πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ πένης αἰνέσουσιν τὸ ὄνομά σου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 82:3 - (LXX 81:3)κρίνατε ὀρφανὸν καὶ πτωχόν G4434 ταπεινὸν καὶ πένητα δικαιώσατε
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 82:4 - (LXX 81:4)ἐξέλεσθε πένητα καὶ πτωχόν G4434 ἐκ χειρὸς ἁμαρτωλοῦ ῥύσασθε
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 86:1 - (LXX 85:1)προσευχὴ τῷ Δαυιδ κλῖνον κύριε τὸ οὖς σου καὶ ἐπάκουσόν μου ὅτι πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ πένης εἰμὶ ἐγώ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 88:15 - (LXX 87:16)πτωχός G4434 εἰμι ἐγὼ καὶ ἐν κόποις ἐκ νεότητός μου ὑψωθεὶς δὲ ἐταπεινώθην καὶ ἐξηπορήθην
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 102:1 - (LXX 101:1)προσευχὴ τῷ πτωχῷ G4434 ὅταν ἀκηδιάσῃ καὶ ἐναντίον κυρίου ἐκχέῃ τὴν δέησιν αὐτοῦ (101:2)εἰσάκουσον κύριε τῆς προσευχῆς μου καὶ κραυγή μου πρὸς σὲ ἐλθάτω
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:16 - (LXX 108:16)ἀνθ᾽ ὧν οὐκ ἐμνήσθη τοῦ ποιῆσαι ἔλεος καὶ κατεδίωξεν ἄνθρωπον πένητα καὶ πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ κατανενυγμένον τῇ καρδίᾳ τοῦ θανατῶσαι
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 109:22 - (LXX 108:22)ῥῦσαί με ὅτι πτωχὸς G4434 καὶ πένης ἐγώ εἰμι καὶ καρδία μου τετάρακται ἐντός μου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 113:7 - (LXX 112:7) ἐγείρων ἀπὸ γῆς πτωχὸν G4434 καὶ ἀπὸ κοπρίας ἀνυψῶν πένητα
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 132:15 - (LXX 131:15)τὴν θήραν αὐτῆς εὐλογῶν εὐλογήσω τοὺς πτωχοὺς G4434 αὐτῆς χορτάσω ἄρτων
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 140:12 - (LXX 139:13)ἔγνων ὅτι ποιήσει κύριος τὴν κρίσιν τοῦ πτωχοῦ G4434 καὶ τὴν δίκην τῶν πενήτων
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 13:8 - λύτρον ἀνδρὸς ψυχῆς ἴδιος πλοῦτος πτωχὸς G4434 δὲ οὐχ ὑφίσταται ἀπειλήν
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:20 - φίλοι μισήσουσιν φίλους πτωχούς G4434 φίλοι δὲ πλουσίων πολλοί
Unchecked Copy BoxPro 14:21 - ἀτιμάζων πένητας ἁμαρτάνει ἐλεῶν δὲ πτωχοὺς G4434 μακαριστός

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