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Lexicon :: Strong's G4434 - ptōchos

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πτωχός
Transliteration
ptōchos (Key)
Pronunciation
pto-khos'
Listen
Part of Speech
adjective
Root Word (Etymology)
From ptosso {to crouch, akin to πτοέω (G4422) and the alternate of πίπτω (G4098)}
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 6:885,969

Trench's Synonyms: xxxvi. πένης, πτωχός.

Strong’s Definitions

πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x

The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 34x
The KJV translates Strong's G4434 in the following manner: poor (30x), beggar (2x), poor man (1x), beggarly (1x).
  1. reduced to beggary, begging, asking alms

  2. destitute of wealth, influence, position, honour

    1. lowly, afflicted, destitute of the Christian virtues and eternal riches

    2. helpless, powerless to accomplish an end

    3. poor, needy

  3. lacking in anything

    1. as respects their spirit

      1. destitute of wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily give themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved them selves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure)

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
πτωχός ptōchós, pto-khos'; from πτώσσω ptṓssō (to crouch); akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), i.e. pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed):—beggar(-ly), poor.
STRONGS NT 4434: πτωχός
πτωχός, πτωχή, πτωχόν (πτώσσω, to be thoroughly frightened, to cower down or hide oneself for fear; hence, πτωχός properly, one who slinks and crouches), often involving the idea of roving about in wretchedness (see πένης, at the end; "but it always had a bad sense till it was ennobled in the Gospels; see Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20, cf. 2 Corinthians 8:9" (Liddell and Scott, under I.)); hence,
1. in classical Greek from Homer down, reduced to beggary, begging, mendicant, asking alms: Luke 14:13, 21; Luke 16:20, 22.
2. poor, needy (opposed to πλούσιος): Matthew 19:21; Matthew 26:9, 11; Mark 10:21; Mark 12:42, 43; Mark 14:5, 7; Luke 18:22; Luke 19:8; Luke 21:3; John 12:5, 6, 8; John 13:29; Romans 15:26; 2 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 2:10; James 2:2, 3, 6; Revelation 13:16; in a broader sense, destitute of wealth, influence, position, honors; lowly, afflicted: Matthew 11:5; Luke 4:18 (from Isaiah 61:1); Isa. 6:20; 7:22; οἱ πτωχοί τοῦ κόσμου (partitive genitive), the poor of the human race, James 2:5; but the more correct reading is that of L T Tr WH viz. τῷ κόσμῳ (unto the world), i. e. the ungodly world being judge, cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 4 a.; Buttmann, § 133, 14; (R. V. as to the world (see next head, and cf. κόσμος, 7)). tropically, destitute of the Christian virtues and the eternal riches, Revelation 3:17; like the Latininops, equivalent to helpless, powerless to accomplish an end: στοιχεῖα, Galatians 4:9 (`bringing no rich endowment of spiritual treasure' (Lightfoot)).
3. universally, lacking in anything, with a dative of the respect: τῷ πνεύματι, as respects their spirit, i. e. destitute of the wealth of learning and intellectual culture which the schools afford (men of this class most readily gave themselves up to Christ's teaching and proved themselves fitted to lay hold of the heavenly treasure, Matthew 11:25; John 9:39; 1 Corinthians 1:26, 27; (others make the idea more inward and ethical: 'conscious of their spiritual need')), Matthew 5:3; compare with this the Epistle of Barnabas 19 [ET], see ἔσῃ ἁπλοῦς τῇ καρδία καί πλούσιος τῷ πνεύματι, abounding in Christian graces and the riches of the divine kingdom. (The Sept. for עָנִי, דַּל, רָשׁ, אֶבְיון, etc.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Isaiah
7:22; 61:1
Matthew
5:3; 5:3; 11:5; 11:25; 19:21; 26:9; 26:11
Mark
10:21; 12:42; 12:43; 14:5; 14:7
Luke
4:18; 6:20; 14:13; 14:21; 16:20; 16:22; 18:22; 19:8; 21:3
John
9:39; 12:5; 12:6; 12:8; 13:29
Romans
15:26
1 Corinthians
1:26; 1:27
2 Corinthians
6:10; 8:9
Galatians
2:10; 4:9
James
2:2; 2:3; 2:5; 2:6
Revelation
3:17; 13:16

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4434 matches the Greek πτωχός (ptōchos),
which occurs 34 times in 34 verses in the MGNT Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 5:3 - [fn]Blessed are the [fn]poor G4434 in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 11:5 - the BLIND RECEIVE SIGHT and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the POOR G4434 HAVE THE [fn]GOSPEL PREACHED TO THEM.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 19:21 - Jesus said to him, “If you wish to be [fn]complete, go and sell your possessions and give to the poor, G4434 and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:9 - “For this perfume might have been sold for a high price and the money given to the poor.” G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:11 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you; but you do not always have Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:21 - Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, G4434 and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:42 - A poor G4434 widow came and put in two [fn]small copper coins, which amount to a [fn]cent.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 12:43 - Calling His disciples to Him, He said to them, “Truly I say to you, this poor G4434 widow put in more than all [fn]the contributors to the treasury;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:5 - “For this perfume might have been sold for over three hundred [fn]denarii, and the money given to the poor.” G4434 And they were scolding her.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:7 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you, and whenever you wish you can do good to them; but you do not always have Me.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 4:18 - “THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME,
BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE GOSPEL TO THE POOR G4434.
HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO THE CAPTIVES,
AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND,
TO SET FREE THOSE WHO ARE OPPRESSED,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 6:20 - And turning His gaze toward His disciples, He began to say, “Blessed are [fn]you who are poor, G4434 for yours is the kingdom of God.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 7:22 - And He answered and said to them, “Go and report to John what you have seen and heard: the BLIND RECEIVE SIGHT, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, the POOR G4434 HAVE THE GOSPEL PREACHED TO THEM.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:13 - “But when you give a [fn]reception, invite the poor, G4434 the crippled, the lame, the blind,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 14:21 - “And the slave came back and reported this to his master. Then the head of the household became angry and said to his slave, ‘Go out at once into the streets and lanes of the city and bring in here the poor G4434 and crippled and blind and lame.’
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:20 - “And a poor G4434 man G4434 named Lazarus was laid at his gate, covered with sores,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 16:22 - “Now the poor G4434 man G4434 died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 18:22 - When Jesus heard this, He said to him, “One thing you still lack; sell all that you possess and distribute it to the poor, G4434 and you shall have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:8 - Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I [fn]will give to the poor, G4434 and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I [fn]will give back four times as much.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 21:3 - And He said, “Truly I say to you, this poor G4434 widow put in more than all of them;
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:5 - “Why was this perfume not sold for [fn]three hundred denarii and given to poor G4434 people?
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:6 - Now he said this, not because he was concerned about the poor, G4434 but because he was a thief, and as he had the money box, he used to pilfer what was put into it.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 12:8 - “For you always have the poor G4434 with you, but you do not always have Me.”
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 13:29 - For some were supposing, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus was saying to him, “Buy the things we have need of for the feast”; or else, that he should give something to the poor. G4434
Unchecked Copy BoxRom 15:26 - For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make a contribution for the poor G4434 among the [fn]saints in Jerusalem.
Unchecked Copy Box2Co 6:10 - as sorrowful yet always rejoicing, as poor G4434 yet making many rich, as having nothing [fn]yet possessing all things.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 2:10 - They only asked us to remember the poor G4434—the very thing I also was eager to do.
Unchecked Copy BoxGal 4:9 - But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless G4434 [fn]elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:2 - For if a man comes into your [fn]assembly with a gold ring and dressed in [fn]fine clothes, and there also comes in a poor G4434 man G4434 in dirty clothes,
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:3 - and you [fn]pay special attention to the one who is wearing the fine clothes, and say, “You sit here in a good place,” and you say to the poor G4434 man, G4434 “You stand over there, or sit down by my footstool,”
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:5 - Listen, my beloved brethren: did not God choose the poor G4434 [fn]of this world to be rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which He promised to those who love Him?
Unchecked Copy BoxJas 2:6 - But you have dishonored the poor G4434 man. G4434 Is it not the rich who oppress you and [fn]personally drag you into [fn]court?
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 3:17 - ‘Because you say, “I am rich, and have become wealthy, and have need of nothing,” and you do not know that you are wretched and miserable and poor G4434 and blind and naked,
Unchecked Copy BoxRev 13:16 - And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, G4434 and the free men and the slaves, [fn]to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead,

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