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Lexicon :: Strong's G4686 - speira

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σπεῖρα
Transliteration
speira (Key)
Pronunciation
spi'-rah
Listen
Part of Speech
feminine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Of immed. Latin origin, but ultimately a derivative of αἱρέω (G138) in the sense of its cognate εἱλίσσω (G1507)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

Strong’s Definitions

σπεῖρα speîra, spi'-rah; of immediate Latin origin, but ultimately a derivative of G138 in the sense of its cognate G1507; a coil (spira, "spire"), i.e. (figuratively) a mass of men (a Roman military cohort; also (by analogy) a squad of Levitical janitors):—band.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 7x

The KJV translates Strong's G4686 in the following manner: band (7x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 7x
The KJV translates Strong's G4686 in the following manner: band (7x).
  1. anything rolled into a circle or ball, anything wound, rolled up, folded together

  2. a military cohort

    1. the tenth part of legion

      1. about 600 men i.e. legionaries

      2. if auxiliaries either 500 or 1000

      3. a maniple, or the thirtieth part of a legion

    2. any band, company, or detachment, of soldiers

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
σπεῖρα speîra, spi'-rah; of immediate Latin origin, but ultimately a derivative of G138 in the sense of its cognate G1507; a coil (spira, "spire"), i.e. (figuratively) a mass of men (a Roman military cohort; also (by analogy) a squad of Levitical janitors):—band.
STRONGS NT 4686: σπεῖρα
σπεῖρα (on the accent cf. Buttmann, 11; Chandler § 161; Tdf. Proleg., p. 102), , genitive σπείρης (Acts 10:1; Acts 21:31; Acts 27:1; see (Tdf. Proleg., p. 117; WH's Appendix, p. 156; and) μάχαιρα, at the beginning) (cognate with σπυρίς (which see));
a. Latinspira; anything rolled into a circle or ball, anything wound, rolled up, folded together.
b. a military cohort (Polybius 11, 23, 1 τρεῖς σπείρας. τοῦτο δέ καλεῖται τό σύνταγμα τῶν πεζῶν παρά Ῥωμαίοις κωρτις), i. e. the tenth part of a legion (i. e. about 600 men (i. e. legionaries), or if auxilialies either 500 or 1,000; cf. Marquardt, Römisch. Alterth. III. ii., p. 371. But surely τοῦτο τό σύνταγμα in the quotation comprehends the τρεῖς σπεῖρα; hence, Polybius here makes a σπεῖρα equal to a maniple, cf. 2, 3, 2; 6, 24, 5; cf. Zonaras, Lex., p. 1664, σπεῖρα σύνταγμα διακοσίων ἀνδρῶν. On the other hand, "the later Greek writings almost uniformly employ σπεῖρα as the representative of cohors" (Smith, Dict. of Antiq., edition 2, under the word exercitus, p. 500); and the rise of χιλίαρχος (which was the equivalent of tribunus, the commander of a cohort) in connection with it (John 18:12; Acts 21:31), together with the uniform rendering of the word by cohors in the Latin versions, warrants the margin cohort uniformly added in R. V. to the rendering band): Matthew 27:27; Mark 15:16; Acts 10:1; Acts 21:31; Acts 27:1, and often in Josephus; a maniple, or the thirtieth part of a legion, often so in Polybius ((see above)); any band, company, or detachment, of soldiers (2 Macc. 8:23; Judith 14:11): John 18:3, 12.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Matthew
27:27
Mark
15:16
John
18:3; 18:12; 18:12
Acts
10:1; 10:1; 21:31; 21:31; 21:31; 27:1; 27:1

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G4686 matches the Greek σπεῖρα (speira),
which occurs 7 times in 7 verses in the TR Greek.

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:27 - Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the [fn]Praetorium and gathered the whole Roman [fn]cohort G4686 to Him.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:16 - Now the soldiers took Him away into the [fn]palace (that is, the Praetorium), and they *called together the whole Roman [fn]cohort G4686.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 18:3 - So Judas, having obtained the Roman [fn]cohort G4686 and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, *came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
Unchecked Copy BoxJhn 18:12 - So the Roman [fn]cohort G4686, the [fn]commander, and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him,
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 10:1 - Now there was a man in Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian [fn]cohort G4686,
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 21:31 - While they were intent on killing him, a report came up to the commander of the Roman [fn]cohort G4686 that all Jerusalem was in confusion.
Unchecked Copy BoxAct 27:1 - Now when it was decided that we would sail for Italy, they proceeded to turn Paul and some other prisoners over to a centurion of the Augustan [fn]cohort G4686, named Julius.

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