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Lexicon :: Strong's G5457 - phōs

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phōs (Key)
Part of Speech
neuter noun
Root Word (Etymology)
From an obsolete phao (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays, cf φαίνω (G5316), φημί (G5346))
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 9:310,1293

Trench's Synonyms: xlvi. φῶς, φέγγος, φωστήρ, λύχνος, λαμπάς.

Strong’s Definitions

φῶς phōs, foce; from an obsolete φάω pháō (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316, G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative):—fire, light.

KJV Translation Count — Total: 70x

The KJV translates Strong's G5457 in the following manner: light (68x), fire (2x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 70x
The KJV translates Strong's G5457 in the following manner: light (68x), fire (2x).
  1. light

    1. the light

      1. emitted by a lamp

      2. a heavenly light such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth

    2. anything emitting light

      1. a star

      2. fire because it is light and sheds light

      3. a lamp or torch

    3. light, i.e brightness

      1. of a lamp

  2. metaph.

    1. God is light because light has the extremely delicate, subtle, pure, brilliant quality

    2. of truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity associated with it

    3. that which is exposed to the view of all, openly, publicly

    4. reason, mind

      1. the power of understanding esp. moral and spiritual truth

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
φῶς phōs, foce; from an obsolete φάω pháō (to shine or make manifest, especially by rays; compare G5316, G5346); luminousness (in the widest application, natural or artificial, abstract or concrete, literal or figurative):—fire, light.
φῶς, φωτός, τό (contracted from φάος, from φάω to shine), from Homer (who (as well as Pindar) uses the form φάος) down, Hebrew אור, light (opposed to τό σκότος, σκοτία);
1. properly,
a. universally: Θεός εἰπών ἐκ σκότους φῶς λάμψαι, 2 Corinthians 4:6 (Genesis 1:3); λευκά ὡς τό φῶς, Matthew 17:2; νεφέλη φωτός (Griesbach text) i. e. consisting of light, equivalent to φωτεινεη in R L T Tr WH, Matthew 17:5; τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου, of the sun, John 11:9; τό φῶς οὐκ ἐστιν ἐν αὐτῷ, the light (i. e. illumining power) is not in him, consequently he does not see or distinguish the filings about him, John 11:10; the light emitted by a lamp, Luke 8:16; (Luke 11:33 L Tr text WH). a heavenly light, such as surrounds angels when they appear on earth: hence, ἄγγελος φωτός, 2 Corinthians 11:14, and illumines the place where they appear, Acts 12:7; a light of this kind shone around Paul when he was converted to Christ, Acts 22:6, (Acts 22:9), Acts 22:11 (Winer's Grammar, 371 (348)); with the addition of οὐρανόθεν, Acts 26:13; of ἀπό (or ἐκ) τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, Acts 9:3.
b. by metonymy, anything emitting light: a heavenly luminary (or star), plural James 1:17 (see πατήρ, 3 a.); fire, because it is light and gives light: Luke 22:56; θερμαίνεσθαι πρός τό φῶς, Mark 14:54 (1 Macc. 12:29; Xenophon, Hell. 6, 2, 29; Cyril 7, 5, 27); a lamp or torch: plural φῶτα, Acts 16:29 (φῶς ἔχειν, Xenophon, Hell. 5, 1, 8; in plural often in Plutarch).
c. light i. e. brightness (Latinsplendor) (see a. above), ἡλίου, Revelation 22:5; of a lamp, John 5:35 (where it symbolizes his rank, influence, worth, mighty deeds); with the addition of λύχνου, Revelation 18:23 (Jeremiah 25:10); of the divine Shechinah (see δόξα, III. 1), Revelation 21:24 (Psalm 88:16 (Ps. 89:16); Isaiah 60:1, 19f).
2. φῶς is often used in poetic discourse, in metaphor, and in parable;
a. The extremely delicate, subtile, pure, brilliant quality of light has led to the use of φῶς as an appellation of God, i. e. as by nature incorporeal, spotless, holy (cf. Westcott, Epistles of St. John, p. 15ff): 1 John 1:5 (Wis. 7:26 where cf. Grimm); he is said εἶναι ἐν τῷ φωτί, in a state of supreme sanctity, 1 John 1:7; φῶς οἴκων ἀπρόσιτον, a figure describing his nature as alike of consummate majesty and inaccessible to human comprehension, 1 Timothy 6:16 (Psalm 103:2 (Ps. 104:2)); used of that heavenly state, consummate and free from every imperfection, to which the true disciples of Christ will be exalted, equivalent to the kingdom of light, Colossians 1:12.
b. By a figure frequently in the N. T. (cf. in classic Greek τῆς ἀληθείας τό φῶς, Euripides, L T. 1046 etc.; see Liddell and Scott, under the word, II. 2), φῶς is used to denote truth and its knowledge, together with the spiritual purity congruous with it (opposed to τό σκότος b., σκοτία, which see): ζωή ἦν τό φῶς τῶν ἀνθρώπων, had the nature of light in men, i. e. became the source of human wisdom, John 1:4; especially the saving truth embodied in Christ and by his love and effort imparted to mankind, Matthew 4:16; John 1:5; John 3:19-21; Acts 26:18, 23; 2 Corinthians 6:14; Ephesians 5:13{a} (cf. below); τό φῶς τό ἀληθινόν, 1 John 2:8; τό θαυμαστόν τοῦ Θεοῦ φῶς, 1 Peter 2:9 (Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 36, 2 [ET] cf. 59, 2 [ET]); τό φῶς ὑμῶν, the divine truth with which ye are imbued, Matthew 5:16; ἔχειν τό φῶς τῆς ζωῆς, the light by which the true life is gained, John 8:12; τά ὅπλα (Lachmann marginal reading ἔργα) τοῦ φωτός, Romans 13:12; καρπός τοῦ φωτός, Ephesians 5:9 G L T Tr WH; ἐν τῷ φωτί περιπατεῖν, to live agreeably to saving wisdom, 1 John 1:7; ἐν τῷ φωτί εἶναι, to be imbued with saving wisdom, μένειν, to continue devoted to it, to persevere in keeping it, 1 John 2:9f; οἱ υἱοί τοῦ φωτός (see υἱός, 2, p. 635{a}), Luke 16:8; John 12:36; 1 Thessalonians 5:5; τέκνα φωτός (see τέκνον, c. β., p. 618^a), Ephesians 5:8. by metonymy, φῶς; is used of one in whom wisdom and spiritual purity shine forth, and who imparts the same to others: φῶς τῶν ἐν σκότει, Romans 2:19; (φῶς ἐθνῶν, Acts 13:47); in a pre-eminent sense is Jesus the Messiah called φῶς and τό φῶς: Luke 2:32; John 1:7; John 12:35f, 46; τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου, John 8:12; John 9:5 (τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου τό δοθέν ἐν ὑμῖν εἰς φωτισμόν παντός ἀνθρώπου, Test xii. Patr. test. Levi § 14); τό φῶς τό ἀληθινόν, John 1:9; by the same name the disciples of Jesus are distinguished, Matthew 5:14; Christians are called φῶς ἐν κυρίῳ, having obtained saving wisdom in communion with Christ, Ephesians 5:8. πᾶν τό φανερούμενον φῶς ἐστιν, everything made manifest by the aid of Christian truth has taken on the nature of light, so that its true character and quality are no longer hidden, Ephesians 5:13{b} (others take φῶς here in an outward or physical sense, and regard the statement as a general truth confirmatory of the assertion made respecting spiritual 'φωτός just before (cf. above)).
c. By a figure borrowed from daylight φῶς is used of that which is exposed to the view of all: ἐν τῷ φωτί (opposed to ἐν τῇ σκοτία), openly, publicly (ἐν φαει, Pindar Nem. 4, 63), Matthew 10:27; Luke 12:3.
d. reason, mind; the power of understanding especially moral and spiritual truth: τό φῶς τό ἐν σοι, Matthew 6:23; Luke 11:35. (Synonym: see φέγγος, at the end.)
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

88:16; 89:16; 103:2; 104:2
60:1; 60:19
4:16; 5:14; 5:16; 6:23; 10:27; 17:2; 17:5
2:32; 8:16; 11:33; 11:35; 12:3; 16:8; 22:56
1:4; 1:5; 1:7; 1:9; 3:19; 3:20; 3:21; 5:35; 8:12; 8:12; 9:5; 11:9; 11:10; 12:35; 12:36; 12:46
9:3; 12:7; 13:47; 16:29; 22:6; 22:9; 22:11; 26:13; 26:18; 26:23
2:19; 13:12
2 Corinthians
4:6; 6:14; 11:14
5:8; 5:8; 5:9; 5:13; 5:13
1 Thessalonians
1 Timothy
1 Peter
1 John
1:5; 1:7; 1:7; 2:8; 2:9
18:23; 21:24; 22:5

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G5457 matches the Greek φῶς (phōs),
which occurs 128 times in 117 verses in the LXX Greek.

Page 1 / 3 (Gen 1:3–Psa 97:11)

Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:3 - καὶ εἶπεν θεός γενηθήτω φῶς G5457 καὶ ἐγένετο φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:4 - καὶ εἶδεν θεὸς τὸ φῶς G5457 ὅτι καλόν καὶ διεχώρισεν ὁ θεὸς ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σκότους
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:5 - καὶ ἐκάλεσεν θεὸς τὸ φῶς G5457 ἡμέραν καὶ τὸ σκότος ἐκάλεσεν νύκτα καὶ ἐγένετο ἑσπέρα καὶ ἐγένετο πρωί ἡμέρα μία
Unchecked Copy BoxGen 1:18 - καὶ ἄρχειν τῆς ἡμέρας καὶ τῆς νυκτὸς καὶ διαχωρίζειν ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σκότους καὶ εἶδεν θεὸς ὅτι καλόν
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 10:23 - καὶ οὐκ εἶδεν οὐδεὶς τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ τρεῖς ἡμέρας καὶ οὐκ ἐξανέστη οὐδεὶς ἐκ τῆς κοίτης αὐτοῦ τρεῖς ἡμέρας πᾶσι δὲ τοῖς υἱοῖς Ισραηλ ἦν φῶς G5457 ἐν πᾶσιν οἷς κατεγίνοντο
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 27:20 - καὶ σὺ σύνταξον τοῖς υἱοῖς Ισραηλ καὶ λαβέτωσάν σοι ἔλαιον ἐξ ἐλαίων ἄτρυγον καθαρὸν κεκομμένον εἰς φῶς G5457 καῦσαι ἵνα κάηται λύχνος διὰ παντός
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 35:14 - καὶ τὴν λυχνίαν τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 καὶ πάντα τὰ σκεύη αὐτῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 39:37 - (LXX 39:16)καὶ τὴν λυχνίαν τὴν καθαρὰν καὶ τοὺς λύχνους αὐτῆς λύχνους τῆς καύσεως καὶ τὸ ἔλαιον τοῦ φωτὸς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxLev 24:2 - ἔντειλαι τοῖς υἱοῖς Ισραηλ καὶ λαβέτωσάν μοι ἔλαιον ἐλάινον καθαρὸν κεκομμένον εἰς φῶς G5457 καῦσαι λύχνον διὰ παντός
Unchecked Copy BoxNum 4:16 - ἐπίσκοπος Ελεαζαρ υἱὸς Ααρων τοῦ ἱερέως τὸ ἔλαιον τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 καὶ τὸ θυμίαμα τῆς συνθέσεως καὶ θυσία καθ᾽ ἡμέραν καὶ τὸ ἔλαιον τῆς χρίσεως ἡ ἐπισκοπὴ ὅλης τῆς σκηνῆς καὶ ὅσα ἐστὶν ἐν αὐτῇ ἐν τῷ ἁγίῳ ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς ἔργοις
Unchecked Copy BoxJdg 16:2 - καὶ ἀπηγγέλη τοῖς Γαζαίοις λέγοντες ἥκει Σαμψων ἐνταῦθα καὶ ἐκύκλωσαν καὶ ἐνήδρευσαν αὐτὸν ὅλην τὴν νύκτα ἐπὶ τῆς πύλης τῆς πόλεως καὶ ἐκώφευσαν ὅλην τὴν νύκτα λέγοντες ἕως φωτὸς G5457 πρωὶ μείνωμεν καὶ ἀποκτείνωμεν αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:34 - πλὴν ὅτι ζῇ κύριος θεὸς Ισραηλ ὃς ἀπεκώλυσέν με σήμερον τοῦ κακοποιῆσαί σε ὅτι εἰ μὴ ἔσπευσας καὶ παρεγένου εἰς ἀπάντησίν μοι τότε εἶπα εἰ ὑπολειφθήσεται τῷ Ναβαλ ἕως φωτὸς G5457 τοῦ πρωὶ οὐρῶν πρὸς τοῖχον
Unchecked Copy Box1Sa 25:36 - καὶ παρεγενήθη Αβιγαια πρὸς Ναβαλ καὶ ἰδοὺ αὐτῷ πότος ἐν οἴκῳ αὐτοῦ ὡς πότος βασιλέως καὶ καρδία Ναβαλ ἀγαθὴ ἐπ᾽ αὐτόν καὶ αὐτὸς μεθύων ἕως σφόδρα καὶ οὐκ ἀπήγγειλεν αὐτῷ ῥῆμα μικρὸν μέγα ἕως φωτὸς G5457 τοῦ πρωί
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 17:22 - καὶ ἀνέστη Δαυιδ καὶ πᾶς λαὸς μετ᾽ αὐτοῦ καὶ διέβησαν τὸν Ιορδάνην ἕως τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 τοῦ πρωί ἕως ἑνὸς οὐκ ἔλαθεν ὃς οὐ διῆλθεν τὸν Ιορδάνην
Unchecked Copy Box2Sa 23:4 - καὶ ἐν θεῷ φωτὶ G5457 πρωίας ἀνατείλαι ἥλιος τὸ πρωὶ οὐ παρῆλθεν ἐκ φέγγους καὶ ὡς ἐξ ὑετοῦ χλόης ἀπὸ γῆς
Unchecked Copy Box2Ki 7:9 - καὶ εἶπεν ἀνὴρ πρὸς τὸν πλησίον αὐτοῦ οὐχ οὕτως ἡμεῖς ποιοῦμεν ἡμέρα αὕτη ἡμέρα εὐαγγελίας ἐστίν καὶ ἡμεῖς σιωπῶμεν καὶ μένομεν ἕως φωτὸς G5457 τοῦ πρωὶ καὶ εὑρήσομεν ἀνομίαν καὶ νῦν δεῦρο καὶ εἰσέλθωμεν καὶ ἀναγγείλωμεν εἰς τὸν οἶκον τοῦ βασιλέως
Unchecked Copy Box2Ch 4:20 - καὶ τὰς λυχνίας καὶ τοὺς λύχνους τοῦ φωτὸς G5457 κατὰ τὸ κρίμα καὶ κατὰ πρόσωπον τοῦ δαβιρ χρυσίου καθαροῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxEst 8:16 - τοῖς δὲ Ιουδαίοις ἐγένετο φῶς G5457 καὶ εὐφροσύνη
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:16 - ὥσπερ ἔκτρωμα ἐκπορευόμενον ἐκ μήτρας μητρὸς ὥσπερ νήπιοι οἳ οὐκ εἶδον φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 3:20 - ἵνα τί γὰρ δέδοται τοῖς ἐν πικρίᾳ φῶς G5457 ζωὴ δὲ ταῖς ἐν ὀδύναις ψυχαῖς
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:22 - ἀνακαλύπτων βαθέα ἐκ σκότους ἐξήγαγεν δὲ εἰς φῶς G5457 σκιὰν θανάτου
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 12:25 - ψηλαφήσαισαν σκότος καὶ μὴ φῶς G5457 πλανηθείησαν δὲ ὥσπερ μεθύων
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 17:12 - νύκτα εἰς ἡμέραν ἔθηκαν φῶς G5457 ἐγγὺς ἀπὸ προσώπου σκότους
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:5 - καὶ φῶς G5457 ἀσεβῶν σβεσθήσεται καὶ οὐκ ἀποβήσεται αὐτῶν φλόξ
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:6 - τὸ φῶς G5457 αὐτοῦ σκότος ἐν διαίτῃ ὁ δὲ λύχνος ἐπ᾽ αὐτῷ σβεσθήσεται
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 18:18 - ἀπώσειεν αὐτὸν ἐκ φωτὸς G5457 εἰς σκότος
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 22:11 - τὸ φῶς G5457 σοι σκότος ἀπέβη κοιμηθέντα δὲ ὕδωρ σε ἐκάλυψεν
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 24:16 - διώρυξεν ἐν σκότει οἰκίας ἡμέρας ἐσφράγισαν ἑαυτούς οὐκ ἐπέγνωσαν φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 26:10 - πρόσταγμα ἐγύρωσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον ὕδατος μέχρι συντελείας φωτὸς G5457 μετὰ σκότους
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 28:11 - βάθη δὲ ποταμῶν ἀνεκάλυψεν ἔδειξεν δὲ ἑαυτοῦ δύναμιν εἰς φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:3 - ὡς ὅτε ηὔγει ὁ λύχνος αὐτοῦ ὑπὲρ κεφαλῆς μου ὅτε τῷ φωτὶ G5457 αὐτοῦ ἐπορευόμην ἐν σκότει
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 29:24 - ἐὰν γελάσω πρὸς αὐτούς οὐ μὴ πιστεύσωσιν καὶ φῶς G5457 τοῦ προσώπου μου οὐκ ἀπέπιπτεν
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:28 - σῶσον ψυχήν μου τοῦ μὴ ἐλθεῖν εἰς διαφθοράν καὶ ζωή μου φῶς G5457 ὄψεται
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 33:30 - ἀλλ᾽ ἐρρύσατο τὴν ψυχήν μου ἐκ θανάτου ἵνα ζωή μου ἐν φωτὶ G5457 αἰνῇ αὐτόν
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 36:32 - ἐπὶ χειρῶν ἐκάλυψεν φῶς G5457 καὶ ἐνετείλατο περὶ αὐτῆς ἐν ἀπαντῶντι
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:3 - ὑποκάτω παντὸς τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἀρχὴ αὐτοῦ καὶ τὸ φῶς G5457 αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ πτερύγων τῆς γῆς
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:11 - καὶ ἐκλεκτὸν καταπλάσσει νεφέλη διασκορπιεῖ νέφος φῶς G5457 αὐτοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:15 - οἴδαμεν ὅτι θεὸς ἔθετο ἔργα αὐτοῦ φῶς G5457 ποιήσας ἐκ σκότους
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 37:21 - πᾶσιν δ᾽ οὐχ ὁρατὸν τὸ φῶς G5457 τηλαυγές ἐστιν ἐν τοῖς παλαιώμασιν ὥσπερ τὸ παρ᾽ αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ νεφῶν
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:15 - ἀφεῖλας δὲ ἀπὸ ἀσεβῶν τὸ φῶς G5457 βραχίονα δὲ ὑπερηφάνων συνέτριψας
Unchecked Copy BoxJob 38:19 - ποίᾳ δὲ γῇ αὐλίζεται τὸ φῶς G5457 σκότους δὲ ποῖος τόπος
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 4:6 - (LXX 4:7)πολλοὶ λέγουσιν τίς δείξει ἡμῖν τὰ ἀγαθά ἐσημειώθη ἐφ᾽ ἡμᾶς τὸ φῶς G5457 τοῦ προσώπου σου κύριε
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 36:9 - (LXX 35:10)ὅτι παρὰ σοὶ πηγὴ ζωῆς ἐν τῷ φωτί G5457 σου ὀψόμεθα φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 37:6 - (LXX 36:6)καὶ ἐξοίσει ὡς φῶς G5457 τὴν δικαιοσύνην σου καὶ τὸ κρίμα σου ὡς μεσημβρίαν
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 38:10 - (LXX 37:11) καρδία μου ἐταράχθη ἐγκατέλιπέν με ἰσχύς μου καὶ τὸ φῶς G5457 τῶν ὀφθαλμῶν μου καὶ αὐτὸ οὐκ ἔστιν μετ᾽ ἐμοῦ
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 43:3 - (LXX 42:3)ἐξαπόστειλον τὸ φῶς G5457 σου καὶ τὴν ἀλήθειάν σου αὐτά με ὡδήγησαν καὶ ἤγαγόν με εἰς ὄρος ἅγιόν σου καὶ εἰς τὰ σκηνώματά σου
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 49:19 - (LXX 48:20)εἰσελεύσεται ἕως γενεᾶς πατέρων αὐτοῦ ἕως αἰῶνος οὐκ ὄψεται φῶς G5457
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 56:13 - (LXX 55:14)ὅτι ἐρρύσω τὴν ψυχήν μου ἐκ θανάτου καὶ τοὺς πόδας μου ἐξ ὀλισθήματος τοῦ εὐαρεστῆσαι ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἐν φωτὶ G5457 ζώντων
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 89:15 - (LXX 88:16)μακάριος λαὸς γινώσκων ἀλαλαγμόν κύριε ἐν τῷ φωτὶ G5457 τοῦ προσώπου σου πορεύσονται
Unchecked Copy BoxPsa 97:11 - (LXX 96:11)φῶς G5457 ἀνέτειλεν τῷ δικαίῳ καὶ τοῖς εὐθέσι τῇ καρδίᾳ εὐφροσύνη

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2. LOAD PAGE 2 Psa 104:2–Eze 41:11

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