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Lexicon :: Strong's G749 - archiereus

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ἀρχιερεύς
Transliteration
archiereus (Key)
Pronunciation
ar-khee-er-yuce'
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Part of Speech
masculine noun
Root Word (Etymology)
Dictionary Aids

Vine's Expository Dictionary: View Entry

TDNT Reference: 3:265,349

Strong’s Definitions

ἀρχιερεύς archiereús, ar-khee-er-yuce'; from G746 and G2409; the high-priest (literally, of the Jews, typically, Christ); by extension a chief priest:—chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.


KJV Translation Count — Total: 123x

The KJV translates Strong's G749 in the following manner: chief priest (64x), high priest (58x), chief of the priest (1x).

KJV Translation Count — Total: 123x
The KJV translates Strong's G749 in the following manner: chief priest (64x), high priest (58x), chief of the priest (1x).
  1. chief priest, high priest

  2. the high priests, these comprise in addition to one holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although disposed, continued to have great power in the State, as well as the members of the families from which high priest were created, provided that they had much influence in public affairs.

  3. Used of Christ because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered into the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf.

Strong’s Definitions [?](Strong’s Definitions Legend)
ἀρχιερεύς archiereús, ar-khee-er-yuce'; from G746 and G2409; the high-priest (literally, of the Jews, typically, Christ); by extension a chief priest:—chief (high) priest, chief of the priests.
STRONGS NT 749: ἀρχιερεύς
ἀρχιερεύς, -έως, , chief priest, high priest.
1. He who above all others was honored with the title of priest, the chief of the priests, הַגָדול כֹּהֵן (Leviticus 21:10; Numbers 35:25, [later הָרֹאשׁ כֹּהֵן, 2 Kings 25:18; 2 Chronicles 19:11, etc.]): Matthew 26:3, and often in the Gospels, the Acts, and the Epistle to the Hebrews. It was lawful for him to perform the common duties of the priesthood; but his chief duty was, once a year on the day of atonement, to enter the Holy of holies (from which the other priests were excluded) and offer sacrifice for his own sins and the sins of the people (Leviticus 16; Hebrews 9:7, 25), and to preside over the Sanhedrin, or supreme Council, when convened for judicial deliberations (Matthew 26:3; Acts 22:5; Acts 23:2). According to the Mosaic law no one could aspire to the high priesthood unless he were of the tribe of Aaron, and descended moreover from a high priestly family; and he on whom the office was conferred held it till death. But from the time of Antiochus Epiphanes, when the kings of the Seleucidæ and afterwards the Herodian princes and the Romans arrogated to themselves the power of appointing the high priests, the office neither remained vested in the pontifical family nor was conferred on anyone for life; but it became venal, and could be transferred from one to another according to the will of civil or military rulers. Hence it came to pass, that during the one hundred and seven years intervening between Herod the Great and the destruction of the holy city, twenty-eight persons held the pontifical dignity (Josephus, Antiquities 20, 10; see Ἄννας). Cf. Winers RWB under the word Hoherpriester; Oehler in Herzog vi., pp. 198ff; [BB. DD., see under the words, Highpriest, Priest, etc. The names of the 28 (27?) above alluded to are given, together with a brief notice of each, in an article by Schürer in the Studien und Kritiken for 1872, pp. 597-607].
2. The plural ἀρχιερεῖς, which occurs often in the Gospels and Acts, as Matthew 2:4; Matthew 16:21; Matthew 26:3; Matthew 27:41; Mark 8:31; Mark 14:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 19:47; Luke 22:52, 66; Luke 23:4; Luke 24:20; John 7:32; John 11:57; John 18:35; Acts 4:23; Acts 5:24; Acts 9:14, 21; Acts 22:30; Acts 23:14, etc., and in Josephus, comprises, in addition to the one actually holding the high priestly office, both those who had previously discharged it and although deposed continued to have great power in the State (Josephus, vita 38; b. j. 2, 12, 6; 4, 3, 7; 9; 4, 4, 3; see Ἄννας above), as well as the members of the families from which high priests were created, provided they had much influence in public affairs (Josephus, b. j. 6, 2, 2). See on this point the learned discussion by Schürer, Die ἀρχιερεῖς im N. T, in the Studien und Kritiken for 1872, p. 593ff and in his Neutest. Zeitgesch. § 23 iii., p. 407ff [Prof. Schürer, besides reviewing the opinions of the more recent writers, contends that in no instance where indubitable reference to the heads of the twenty-four classes is made (neither in the Sept. 1 Chronicles 24:3; 2 Chronicles 36:14; Ezra 10:5; Nehemiah 12:7; nor in Josephus, Antiquities 7, 14, 7) are they called ἀρχιερεῖς; that the nearest approximations to this term are periphrases such as ἄρχοντες τῶν ἱερέων, Nehemiah 12:7, or φύλαρχοι τῶν ἱερέων, Esra apocr. (1 Esdr.) 1 Esdras 8:92 (1 Esdras 8:94); Josephus, Antiquities 11, 5, 4; and that the word ἀρχιερεῖς was restricted in its application to those who actually held, or had held, the high priestly office, together with the members of the few prominent families from which the high priests still continued to be selected, cf. Acts 4:6; Josephus, b. j. 4, 3, 6.]
3. In the Epistle to the Hebrews Christ is called 'high priest,' because by undergoing a bloody death he offered himself as an expiatory sacrifice to God, and has entered the heavenly sanctuary where he continually intercedes on our behalf: Hebrews 2:17; 3:1; 4:14; 5:10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1; 9:11; cf. Winzer, De sacerdotis officio, quod Christo tribuitur in the Epistle to the Hebrews (three Programs), Leips. 1825f; Riehm, Lehrbegriff des Hebräerbriefes, ii., pp. 431-488. In Greek writings the word is used by Herodotus 2 [(37), 142,] 143 and 151; Plato, legg. 12, p. 947 a.; Polybius 23, 1, 2; 32, 22, 5; Plutarch, Numa c. 9, others; [often in Inscriptions]; once (viz., Leviticus 4:3) in the Sept., where ἱερεὺς μέγας is usual, in the O. T. Apocrypha, 1 Esdr. 5:40 1 Esdr. 9:40, and often in the books of Maccabees, for the application of the term to Christ by the early writers see Bp. Lightfoot on Clem. Romans; 1 Corinthians 36 p. 118f, and on Ign. ad Philad. 9 vol. ii. p. 274.
THAYER’S GREEK LEXICON, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com

BLB Scripture Index of Thayer's

Leviticus
4:3; 16; 21:10
Numbers
35:25
2 Kings
25:18
1 Chronicles
24:3
2 Chronicles
19:11; 36:14
Ezra
10:5
Nehemiah
12:7; 12:7
Matthew
2:4; 16:21; 26:3; 26:3; 26:3; 27:41
Mark
8:31; 14:1; 15:1
Luke
19:47; 22:52; 22:66; 23:4; 24:20
John
7:32; 11:57; 18:35
Acts
4:6; 4:23; 5:24; 9:14; 9:21; 22:5; 22:30; 23:2; 23:14
Hebrews
2:17; 3:1; 4:14; 5:10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1; 9:7; 9:11; 9:25

Word / Phrase / Strong's Search

Strong's Number G749 matches the Greek ἀρχιερεύς (archiereus),
which occurs 123 times in 120 verses in the TR Greek.

Page 1 / 3 (Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19)

Unchecked Copy BoxMat 2:4 - And gathering together all the chief G749 priests G749 and scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the [fn]Messiah was to be born.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 16:21 - From that time [fn]Jesus began to [fn]point out to His disciples that it was necessary for Him to go to Jerusalem and to suffer many things from the elders, chief G749 priests G749, and scribes, and to be killed, and to be raised up on the third day.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 20:18 - “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be [fn]handed over to the chief G749 priests G749 and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:15 - But when the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done, and the children who were shouting in the temple area,[fn]Hosanna to the Son of David,” they became indignant,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:23 - When He entered the temple area, the chief G749 priests G749 and the elders of the people came to Him while He was teaching, and said, “By what authority are You doing these things, and who gave You this authority?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 21:45 - When the chief G749 priests G749 and the Pharisees heard His parables, they understood that He was speaking about them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:3 - At that time the chief G749 priests G749 and the elders of the people were gathered together in the courtyard of the high G749 priest G749 named Caiaphas;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:14 - Then one of the twelve, named Judas Iscariot, went to the chief G749 priests G749
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:47 - And while He was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came [fn]accompanied by a large crowd with swords and clubs, who came from the chief G749 priests G749 and elders of the people.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:51 - And behold, one of those who were with Jesus [fn]reached and drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high G749 priest G749 and [fn]cut off his ear.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:57 - Those who had arrested Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas, the high G749 priest G749, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:58 - But Peter was following Him at a distance, as far as the courtyard of the high G749 priest G749, and he came inside and sat down with the [fn]officers to see the outcome.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:59 - Now the chief G749 priests G749 and the entire [fn]Council kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus, so that they might put Him to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:62 - The high G749 priest G749 stood up and said to Him, “Do You offer no answer for what these men are testifying against You?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:63 - But Jesus kept silent. And the high G749 priest G749 said to Him, “I place You under oath by the living God, to tell us whether You are the [fn]Christ, the Son of God.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 26:65 - Then the high G749 priest G749 tore his [fn]robes and said, “He has blasphemed! What further need do we have of witnesses? See, you have now heard the blasphemy;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:1 - Now when morning came, all the chief G749 priests G749 and the elders of the people conferred together against Jesus to put Him to death;
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:3 - Then when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that He had been condemned, he felt remorse and returned the thirty [fn]pieces of silver to the chief G749 priests G749 and elders,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:6 - The chief G749 priests G749 took the pieces of silver and said, “It is not lawful to put them in the temple treasury, since it is money paid for blood.”
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:12 - And while He was being accused by the chief G749 priests G749 and elders, He did not offer any answer.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:20 - But the chief G749 priests G749 and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas, and to put Jesus to death.
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:41 - In the same way the chief G749 priests G749 also, along with the scribes and elders, were mocking Him and saying,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 27:62 - Now on the next day, that is, the day which is after the preparation, the chief G749 priests G749 and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate,
Unchecked Copy BoxMat 28:11 - Now while they were on their way, some of the men from the guard came into the city and reported to the chief G749 priests G749 all that had happened.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 2:26 - how he entered the house of God in the [fn]time of Abiathar the high G749 priest G749, and ate the [fn]consecrated bread, which is not lawful for anyone to eat except the priests, and he also gave it to those who were with him?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 8:31 - And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise from the dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 10:33 - saying, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be [fn]handed over to the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death and will [fn]hand Him over to the Gentiles.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:18 - And the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes heard this, and they began seeking how to put Him to death; for they were afraid of Him, because all the crowd was astonished at His teaching.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 11:27 - And they *came again to Jerusalem. And as He was walking in the temple area, the chief G749 priests G749, the scribes, and the elders *came to Him,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:1 - Now the Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread were two days away; and the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes were seeking how to arrest Him covertly and kill Him;
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:10 - Then Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went off to the chief G749 priests G749 in order to [fn]betray Him to them.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:43 - And immediately, while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, *came up, [fn]accompanied by a crowd with swords and clubs who were from the chief G749 priests G749, the scribes, and the elders.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:47 - But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high G749 priest G749 and [fn]cut off his ear.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:53 - They led Jesus away to the high G749 priest G749; and all the chief G749 priests G749, the elders, and the scribes *gathered together.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:54 - And Peter had followed Him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high G749 priest G749; and he was sitting with the [fn]officers and warming himself at the [fn]fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:55 - Now the chief G749 priests G749 and the entire [fn]Council were trying to obtain testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, and they were not finding any.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:60 - And then the high G749 priest G749 stood up and came forward and questioned Jesus, saying, “Do You not offer any answer for what these men are testifying against You?”
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:61 - But He kept silent and did not offer any answer. Again the high G749 priest G749 was questioning Him, and *said to Him, “Are You the [fn]Christ, the Son of [fn]the Blessed One?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:63 - Tearing his clothes, the high G749 priest G749 *said, “What further need do we have of witnesses?
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 14:66 - And while Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the slave women of the high G749 priest G749 *came,
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:1 - Early in the morning the chief G749 priests G749 with the elders, scribes, and the entire [fn]Council immediately held a consultation; and they bound Jesus and led Him away, and turned Him over to Pilate.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:3 - And the chief G749 priests G749 started accusing Him [fn]of many things.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:10 - For he was aware that the chief G749 priests G749 had handed Him over because of envy.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:11 - But the chief G749 priests G749 stirred up the crowd to ask him to release Barabbas for them instead.
Unchecked Copy BoxMar 15:31 - In the same way the chief G749 priests G749 also, along with the scribes, were mocking Him among themselves and saying, “He saved others; [fn]He cannot save Himself!
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 3:2 - in the high G749 priesthood G749 of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zechariah, in the wilderness.
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 9:22 - saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief G749 priests G749 and scribes, and be killed and be raised on the third day.”
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 19:47 - And He was teaching daily in the temple; but the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes and the leading men among the people were trying to put Him to death,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:1 - On one of the days while He was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, the chief G749 priests G749 and the scribes with the elders confronted Him,
Unchecked Copy BoxLuk 20:19 - The scribes and the chief G749 priests G749 tried to lay hands on Him that very hour, and yet they feared the people; for they were aware that He had spoken this parable against them.

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1. Currently on page 1/3 (Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19) Mat 2:4–Luk 20:19

2. LOAD PAGE 2 Luk 22:2–Act 25:2


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