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Daniel 8 :: New American Standard Bible 2020 (NASB20)

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Vision of the Ram and Goat

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:1 -

In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king, a vision appeared to me, [fn]Daniel, subsequent to the one which appeared to me [fn]previously.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:2 - I looked in the vision, and while I was looking, I was in the citadel of Susa, which is in the province of Elam; and I looked in the vision, and I myself was beside the Ulai Canal.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:3 - Then I raised my eyes and looked, and behold, a ram which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were [fn]long, but one was [fn]longer than the other, with the [fn]longer one coming up last.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:4 - I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand against him nor was there anyone to rescue from his [fn]power, but he did as he pleased and made himself great.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:5 -

While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the entire earth without touching the ground; and the goat had a prominent horn between his eyes.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:6 - He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:7 - And I saw him come up beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and smashed his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was no one to rescue the ram from his [fn]power.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:8 - Then the male goat made himself exceedingly great. But once he became powerful, the large horn was broken; and in its place four prominent horns came up toward the four winds of heaven.

The Little Horn

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:9 -

And out of one of them came a rather small horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the [fn]Beautiful Land.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:10 - It grew up to the heavenly [fn]lights, and some of the [fn]lights, [fn]that is, some of the stars it threw down to the earth, and it trampled them.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:11 - It even exalted itself [fn]to be equal with the [fn]Commander of the army; and it removed the regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was overthrown.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:12 - And because of [fn]an offense the army will be given to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will hurl truth to the ground and do as it pleases and be successful.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:13 - Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, “How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, [fn]while the offense causes horror, so as to allow both the sanctuary and the army [fn]to be trampled?”
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:14 - And he said to me, “For 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be [fn]properly restored.”

Interpretation of the Vision

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:15 -

When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought [fn]to understand it; and behold, standing before me was one [fn]who looked like a man.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:16 - And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, and he called out and said, “Gabriel, explain the vision to this man.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:17 - So he came near to where I was standing, and when he came I was frightened and fell on my face; and he said to me, “Son of man, understand that the vision pertains to the time of the end.”
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:18 -

Now while he was talking with me, I was dazed with my face to the ground; but he touched me and made me stand at my place.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:19 - And he said, “Behold, I am going to inform you of what will occur at the final period of the indignation, because it pertains to the appointed time of the end.

The Ram’s Identity

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:20 - “The ram which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.

The Goat

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:21 - “The shaggy [fn]goat represents the [fn]kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:22 - “The broken horn and the four horns that came up in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power.
Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:23 -

“And in the latter period of their [fn]dominion,

When the wrongdoers have [fn]run their course,

A king will arise,

[fn]Insolent and skilled in [fn]intrigue.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:24 -

“And his power will be mighty, but not by his own power,

And he will [fn]destroy to an extraordinary degree

And be successful and do as he pleases;

He will [fn]destroy mighty men and [fn]the holy people.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:25 -

“And through his shrewdness

He will make deceit a success by his [fn]influence;

And he will make himself great in his [fn]own mind,

And he will [fn]destroy many while they are [fn]at ease.

He will even [fn]oppose the Prince of princes,

But he will be broken without [fn]human agency.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:26 -

“And the vision of the evenings and mornings

Which has been told is true;

But as for you, keep the vision secret,

Because it pertains to many days in the future.

Unchecked Copy BoxDan 8:27 -

Then I, Daniel, was [fn]exhausted and sick for days. Then I got up and carried on the king’s business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was no one to explain it.

NASB20 Footnotes
Lit I, Daniel
Lit at the beginning
Lit high(er)
Lit high(er)
Lit high(er)
Lit hand
Lit hand
I.e., Israel
Lit host
Lit host
Or and some of the stars
Lit up to the
Or Prince
Or a wrongdoing
Or possibly and the offense that horrifies
Lit as a trampling
Lit justified
Lit understanding
Lit like the appearance of a man
Lit buck
Lit king
Or kingdom
Lit finished
Lit Strong of face
Or ambiguous speech
Or ruin extraordinary things
Or ruin
Lit people of the saints
Lit hand
Lit heart
Or ruin
Or secure
Lit stand against
Lit hand
Or done in

New American Standard Bible 2020
Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif.
All rights reserved

The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation.

For Permission To Quote visit

For more information on this translation, see the NASB20 Preface.

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