Click to Change

Return to Top

Return to Top

Printer Icon


Copy Options
Format by: Verse Paragraph
Red Letter
Audio Bibles
The Blue Letter Bible

Exodus 12 :: New American Standard Bible 2020 (NASB20)

toggle collapse
Choose a new font size and typeface
Audio Bibles

The Passover Lamb

(Num 9:1–14; Deu 16:1–8; Eze 45:21–25 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:1 -

Now the LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of [fn]Egypt,

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:2 - “This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year for you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:3 - “Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are, each one, to take a [fn]lamb for themselves, according to the fathers’ households, a [fn]lamb for [fn]each household.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:4 - ‘Now if the household is too small for a [fn]lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the [fn]number of persons in them; in proportion to [fn]what each one should eat, you are to [fn]divide the lamb.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:5 - ‘Your [fn]lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:6 - [fn]You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to slaughter it [fn]at twilight.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:7 - ‘Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel [fn]of the houses in which they eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:8 - ‘They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread [fn]and bitter herbs.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:9 - ‘Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:10 - ‘And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall completely burn with fire.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:11 - ‘Now you shall eat it in this way: with your garment [fn]belted around your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in a hurry—it is the LORD’S Passover.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:12 - ‘For I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and fatally strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the human firstborn to animals; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments—I am the LORD.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:13 - ‘The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you [fn]live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will come upon you [fn]to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:14 -

‘Now this day shall be a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as [fn]a permanent ordinance.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:15 - ‘For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall remove dough with yeast from your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast from the first day until the seventh day, that [fn]person shall be cut off from Israel.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:16 - ‘And on the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except for what must be eaten by every person—that alone may be [fn]prepared by you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:17 - ‘You shall also keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your [fn]multitudes out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall keep this day throughout your generations as a [fn]permanent ordinance.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:18 - ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:19 - ‘For seven days there shall be no dough with yeast found in your houses; for whoever eats anything with yeast, that [fn]person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger or a native of the land.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:20 - ‘You shall not eat anything with yeast; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:21 -

Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and take for yourselves [fn]lambs according to your families, and slaughter the Passover lamb.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:22 - “And you shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and [fn]apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

A Memorial of Redemption

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:23 - “For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians; but when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to come in to your houses to strike you.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:24 - “And you shall keep this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:25 - “When you enter the land which the LORD will give you, as He has [fn]promised, you shall keep this [fn]rite.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:26 - “And when your children say to you, ‘[fn]What does this rite mean to you?’
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:27 - then you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to the LORD because He passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He struck the Egyptians, but [fn]spared our homes.’” And the people bowed low and worshiped.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:28 -

Then the sons of Israel went and did so; just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

(Exo 11:1–10 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:29 -

Now it came about at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:30 - And Pharaoh got up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:31 - Then he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, “Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go, [fn]worship the LORD, as you have said.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:32 - “Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.”

Exodus of Israel

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:33 - The Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in a hurry, for they said, “We will all be dead.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:34 - So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:35 -

Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing;

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:36 - and the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Therefore they plundered the Egyptians.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:37 -

Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:38 - A mixed multitude also went up with them, [fn]along with flocks and herds, a very large number of livestock.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:39 - And they baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had no yeast, since they were driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they [fn]prepared any provisions for themselves.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:40 -

Now the time [fn]that the sons of Israel had lived in Egypt was 430 years.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:41 - And at the end of 430 years, on this very day, all the [fn]multitudes of the LORD departed from the land of Egypt.

Ordinance of the Passover

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:42 - It is a night [fn]to be observed for the LORD, for having brought them out of the land of Egypt; this night is for the LORD, [fn]to be observed by all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.
(Gen 17:9–14; Exo 12:1–13 )
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:43 -

And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no [fn]foreigner is to eat it;

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:44 - but as for every slave [fn]that someone has purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:45 - “A stranger or a hired worker shall not eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:46 - “It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring any of the meat outside of the house, nor are you to break any bone of it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:47 - “All the congregation of Israel are to [fn]celebrate this.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:48 - “But if a stranger resides with you and [fn]celebrates the Passover to the LORD, all of his males are to be circumcised, and then he shall come near to [fn]celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised male may eat it.
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:49 - [fn]The same law shall [fn]apply to the native as to the stranger who resides among you.”
Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:50 -

Then all the sons of Israel did so; they did just as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron.

Unchecked Copy BoxExo 12:51 - And on that very day the LORD brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt according to their [fn]multitudes.
NASB20 Footnotes
Lit Egypt, saying
Or kid
Or kid
Lit the
Or kid
Or amount
Lit each man’s eating
Lit compute for
Or kid
Lit It shall be to you for a guarding
Lit between the two evenings
Lit upon
Lit in addition to
I.e., for travel
Lit are
Lit for destruction
Or an eternal
Lit soul
Lit done
Lit armies
Or eternal
Lit soul
Lit sheep
Lit cause to touch
Lit spoken
Lit service
Lit What is this service to you?
Lit delivered
Or serve
Lit and
Lit made
Or of the sons of Israel who lived
Lit armies
Or of vigil
Or of vigil
Lit son of a stranger
Lit of a man, an acquisition of money
Lit perform
Lit performs
Lit perform
Lit One law
Lit be
I.e., multitudes in battle formation

New American Standard Bible 2020
Copyright (c) 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995, 2020
by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif.
All rights reserved

The "NASB," "NAS," "New American Standard Bible," and "New American Standard" trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by The Lockman Foundation. Use of these trademarks requires the permission of The Lockman Foundation.

For Permission To Quote visit

For more information on this translation, see the NASB20 Preface.

BLB Searches
Search the Bible

Advanced Options

Other Searches

Multi-Verse Retrieval

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan