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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Disciple

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3101 Greek: mathetes


lit., "a learner" (from manthano, "to learn," from a root math--, indicating thought accompanied by endeavor), in contrast to didaskalos, "a teacher;" hence it denotes "one who follows one's teaching," as the "disciples" of John, Mat 9:14; of the Pharisees, Mat 22:16; of Moses, Jhn 9:28; it is used of the "disciples" of Jesus

(a) in a wide sense, of Jews who became His adherents, Jhn 6:66; Luk 6:17, some being secretly so, Jhn 19:38;

(b) especially of the twelve Apostles, Mat 10:1; Luk 22:11, e.g.;

(c) of all who manifest that they are His "disciples" by abiding in His Word, Jhn 8:31; cp. Jhn 13:35; 15:8;

(d) in the Acts, of those who believed upon Him and confessed Him, Jhn 6:1, 2, 7; 14:20, 22, 28; 15:10; 19:1, etc.

A "disciple" was not only a pupil, but an adherent; hence they are spoken of as imitators of their teacher; cp. Jhn 8:31; 15:8.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3102 Greek: mathetria


"a female disciple," is said of Tabitha, Act 9:36.

A-3 Noun Strong's Number: g4827 Greek: summathetes


means "a fellow-disciple" (sun, with, and No. 1), Jhn 11:16.

Note: In Act 1:15, the RV translates the mss. which have adelphon, "brethren;" in 20:7, RV, "we," for AV, "disciples."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3100 Greek: matheteuo


is used in the Active Voice, intransitively, in some mss., in Mat 27:57, in the sense of being the "disciple" of a person; here, however, the best mss. have the Passive Voice, lit., "had been made a disciple," as in Mat 13:52, RV, "who hath been made a disciple." It is used in this transitive sense in the Active Voice in Mat 28:19; Act 14:21.

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