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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Promise (Noun and Verb)

Dictionaries :: Promise (Noun and Verb)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1860 Greek: epangelia

Promise (Noun and Verb):

primarily a law term, denoting "a summons" (epi, "upon," angello, "to proclaim, announce"), also meant "an undertaking to do or give something, a promise." Except in Act 23:21 it is used only of the "promises" of God. It frequently stands for the thing "promised," and so signifies a gift graciously bestowed, not a pledge secured by negotiation; thus, in Gal 3:14, "the promise of the Spirit" denotes "the promised Spirit:" cp. Luk 24:49; Act 2:33; Eph 1:13; so in Hbr 9:15, "the promise of the eternal inheritance" is "the promised eternal inheritance." On the other hand, in Act 1:4, "the promise of the Father," is the "promise" made by the Father.

In Gal 3:16, the plural "promises" is used because the one "promise" to Abraham was variously repeated (Gen 12:1-3; 13:14-17; 15:18; 17:1-14; 22:15-18), and because it contained the germ of all subsequent "promises;" cp. Rom 9:4; Hbr 6:12; 7:6; 8:6; 11:17. Gal. 3 is occupied with showing that the "promise" was conditional upon faith and not upon the fulfillment of the Law. The Law was later than, and inferior to, the "promise," and did not annul it, Gal 3:21; cp. Gal 4:23, 28. Again, in Eph 2:12, "the covenants of the promise" does not indicate different covenants, but a covenant often renewed, all centering in Christ as the "promised" Messiah-Redeemer, and comprising the blessings to be bestowed through Him.

In 2Cr 1:20 the plural is used of every "promise" made by God: cp. Hbr 11:33; in Hbr 7:6, of special "promises" mentioned. For other applications of the word, see e.g., Eph 6:2; 1Ti 4:8; 2Ti 1:1; Hbr 4:1; 2Pe 3:4, 9; in 1Jo 1:5 some mss. have this word, instead of angelia, "message."

The occurrences of the word in relation to Christ and what centers in Him, may be arranged under the headings

(1) the contents of the "promise," e.g., Act 26:6; Rom 4:20; 1Jo 2:25;

(2) the heirs, e.g., Rom 9:8; 15:8; Gal 3:29; Hbr 11:9;

(3) the conditions, e.g., Rom 4:13, 14; Gal 3:14-22; Hbr 10:36.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1862 Greek: epangelma

Promise (Noun and Verb):

denotes "a promise made," 2Pe 1:4; 3:13.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1861 Greek: epangello

Promise (Noun and Verb):

"to announce, proclaim," has in the NT the two meanings "to profess" and "to promise," each used in the Middle Voice; "to promise"

(a) of "promises" of God, Act 7:5; Rom 4:21; in Gal 3:19, Passive Voice; Tts 1:2; Hbr 6:13; 10:23; 11:11; 12:26; Jam 1:12; 2:5; 1Jo 2:25;

(b) made by men, Mar 14:11; 2Pe 2:19.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g4279 Greek: proepangello

Promise (Noun and Verb):

in the Middle Voice, "to promise before" pro, and No. 1), occurs in Rom 1:2; 2Cr 9:5.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3670 Greek: homologeo

Promise (Noun and Verb):

"to agree, confess," signifies "to promise" in Mat 14:7.

Note: For exomologeo in Luk 22:6, see CONSENT, No. 1.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.