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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective)

Dictionaries :: Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g3037 Greek: lithos

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

is used

(I) literally, of

(a) the "stones" of the ground, e.g., Mat 4:3, 6; 7:9;

(b) "tombstones," e.g., Mat 27:60, 66;

(c) "building stones," e.g., Mat 21:42;

(d) "a millstone," Luk 17:2; cp. Rev 18:21 (see MILLSTONE);

(e) the "tables (or tablets)" of the Law, 2Cr 3:7;

(f) "idol images," Act 17:29;

(g) the "treasures" of commercial Babylon, Rev 18:12, 16;

(II) metaphorically, of

(a) Christ, Rom 9:33; 1Pe 2:4,6,8;

(b) believers, 1Pe 2:5;

(c) spiritual edification by scriptural teaching, 1Cr 3:12;

(d) the adornment of the foundations of the wall of the spiritual and heavenly Jerusalem, Rev 21:19;

(e) the adornment of the seven angels in Rev 15:6, RV (so the best texts; some have linon, "linen," AV);

(f) the adornment of religious Babylon, Rev 17:4;

(III) figuratively, of Christ, Rev 4:3; 21:11, where "light" stands for "Light-giver" (phoster).

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5586 Greek: psephos

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

"a smooth stone, a pebble," worn smooth as by water, or polished (akin to psao, "to rub"), denotes

(a) by metonymy, a vote (from the use of "pebbles" for this purpose; cp. psephizo, "to count"), Act 26:10, RV (AV, "voice");

(b) a (white) "stone" to be given to the overcomer in the church at Pergamum, Rev 2:17 (twice); a white "stone" was often used in the social life and judicial customs of the ancients; festal days were noted by a white "stone," days of calamity by a black; in the courts a white "stone" indicated acquittal, a black condemnation. A host's appreciation of a special guest was indicated by a white "stone" with the name or a message written on it; this is probably the allusion here.

Note: In Jhn 1:42 petros stands for the proper name, Peter, as the RV (AV, "a stone;" marg., "Peter"); petros denotes "a piece of a rock, a detached stone or boulder," in contrast to petra, "a mass of rock."

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3036 Greek: lithoboleo

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

"to pelt with stones" (A, No. 1, and ballo, "to throw"), "to stone to death," occurs in Mat 21:35; 23:37; Luk 13:34 (Jhn 8:5 in some mss.: see No. 2); Act 7:58, 59; 14:5; Hbr 12:20.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3034 Greek: lithazo

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

"to stone," virtually equivalent to No. 1, but not stressing the casting, occurs in Jhn 8:5 (in the most authentic mss.); Jhn 10:31-33; 11:8; Act 5:26; 14:19; 2Cr 11:25; Hbr 11:37.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2642 Greek: katalithazo

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

an intensive form of No. 2, "to cast stones at," occurs in Luk 20:6.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g3035 Greek: lithinos

Stone (Noun, Verb, and Adjective):

"of stone" (akin to A, No. 1), occurs in Jhn 2:6; 2Cr 3:3; Rev 9:20.


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