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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Bag

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


(1.) A pocket of a cone-like shape in which Naaman bound two pieces of silver for Gehazi (2Ki 5:23). The same Hebrew word occurs elsewhere only in Isa 3:22, where it is rendered "crisping-pins," but denotes the reticules (or as R.V., "satchels") carried by Hebrew women.

(2.) Another word (kees) so rendered means a bag for carrying weights (Deu 25:13; Pro 16:11; Mic 6:11). It also denotes a purse (Pro 1:14) and a cup (23:31).

(3.) Another word rendered "bag" in 1Sa 17:40 is rendered "sack" in Gen 42:25; and in 1Sa 9:7; 21:5 "vessel," or wallet for carrying food.

(4.) The word rendered in the Authorized Version "bags," in which the priests bound up the money contributed for the restoration of the temple (2Ki 12:10), is also rendered "bundle" (Gen 42:35; 1Sa 25:29). It denotes bags used by travellers for carrying money during a journey (Pro 7:20; Hag 1:6).

(5.) The "bag" of Judas was a small box (Jhn 12:6; 13:29).

International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia


Bags of various kinds are mentioned in the English Bible, but often in a way to obscure rather than tr the original.

(1) "Bag" is used for a Hebrew word which means a shepherd's "bag," rendered "wallet" in the Revised Version (British and American). This "bag" of the shepherd or "haversack" of the traveler was of a size sufficient for one or more days' provisions. It was made of the skin of animals, ordinarily undressed, as most of the other "bags" of ancient times were, and was carried slung across the shoulder. This is the "scrip for the journey" pera mentioned in Mt 10:10 and its parallel (the King James Version). ("Scrip" is Old English, now obsolete.) A unique word appears in 1Sa 17:40,49 which had to be explained even to Hebrew readers by the gloss, "the shepherd's bag," but which is likewise rendered "wallet" by the American Standard Revised Version.

(2) "Bag" translates also a word ballantion which stands for the more finished leather pouch, or satchel which served as a "purse" (see Christ's words, Lu 10:4 King James Version: "Carry neither purse, nor scrip," and 12:33 King James Version: "Provide yourselves bags which wax not old"). The word rendered "purse" in Mt 10:9: "Get you no gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses"; Mr 6:8: "No money in their purse," is a different word entirely zone, the true rendering of which is "girdle" (Revised Version, margin). The oriental "girdle," though sometimes of crude leather, or woven camel's hair (see GIRDLE), was often of fine material and elegant workmanship, and was either made hollow so to carry money, or when of silk or cloth, worn in folds, when the money was carried in the folds.

(3) The small "merchant's bag" often knotted in a handkerchief for carrying the weights, such as is mentioned in De 25:13: "Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small," was another variety. This too was used as "purse," as in the case of the proposed common purse of the wicked mentioned in Pr 1:14: "We will all have one purse," and sometimes carried in the girdle (compare Isa 46:6).

(4) Then there was the "bag" tseror, rendered "bundle" in Ge 42:35 which was the favorite receptacle for valuables, jewels, as well as money, used figuratively with fine effect in 1Sa 25:29: "The soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life"-"life's jewel-case" (see 2Ki 12:10 where the money of the temple was said to be put up "tied up" in bags). This was a "bag" that could be tied with a string: "Behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack," and with (compare Pr 7:20) "He hath taken a bag of money with him" (compare Hag 1:6: "earneth wages to put it into a bag holes"). A seal was sometimes put on the knot, which occasions the figure of speech used in Job 14:16,17, "Dost thou not watch over my sin? My transgression is sealed up in a bag," i.e. it is securely kept and reckoned against me (compare also 1Sa 9:7; 21:5 where the Hebrew keli, is rendered by "vessels" and stands for receptacles for carrying food, not necessarily bags).

(5) Another Hebrew word chariT; Arabic charitat, is used, on the one hand, for a "bag" large enough to hold a talent of silver (see 2Ki 5:23, "bound two talents of silver in two bags"), and on the other, for a dainty lady's satchel, such as is found in Isa 3:22 (wrongly rendered "crisping pins" in the King James Version). This is the most adequate Hebrew word for a large bag. (6) The "bag" which Judas carried (see Joh 12:6 the King James Version, "He was a thief and had the bag"; compare Joh 13:29) was in reality the small "box" (Revised Version, margin) originally used for holding the mouthpieces of wind instruments (Kennedy, in the 1-volume HDB). The Hebrew ‘argaz, (found only here) of 1Sa 6:8, rendered "coffer" in English Versions of the Bible and translated glossokomon, by Josephus, appears to stand for a small "chest" used to hold the gold figures sent by the Philistines as a guilt offering. It is from a word that means "to wag," "to move to and fro"; compare the similar word in Arabic meaning a bag filled with stones hung at the side of the camel to "preserve" equilibrium (Gesenius). But the same word Josephus uses is found in modern Greek and means "purse" or "bag" (Hatch). Later to "carry the bag" came to mean to be treasurer.

Written by George B. Eager

Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g1101 Greek: glossokomon


from glossa, "a tongue," and komeo, "to tend," was, firstly, "a case" in which to keep the mouthpiece of wind instruments; secondly, "a small box" for any purpose, but especially a "casket or purse," to keep money in. It is used of the "bag" which Judas carried, Jhn 12:6; 13:29; in the Sept. of 2Ch 24:8, 10, used of the "box" appointed by King Joash for offerings for the repair of the Temple.

2 Strong's Number: g905 Greek: ballantion


from ballo, "to cast," "a money-box or purse," is found in Luke's Gospel, four times, Luk 10:4; 12:33 (AV, "bag"); 22:35, 36.

Note: Zone, "a girdle or belt," also served as "a purse for money," Mat 10:9; Mar 6:8.

Smith's Bible Dictionary


is the rendering of several words in the Old and New Testaments.

(1.) Charitim, the "bags" in which Naaman bound up the two talents of silver for Gehazi (2 Kings 5:23). They were long cone‐like bags of the size to hold a precise amount of money, and tied or sealed for that amount, as we stamp the value on a coin.

(2.) Cis, a bag for carrying weights (Deuteronomy 25:13) also used as a purse (Proverbs 1:14).

(3.) Celi, in Genesis 42:25 is the "sack" in which Jacob's sons carried the corn which they brought from Egypt.

(4.) The shepherd's "bag" used by David was for the purpose of carrying the lambs unable to walk (Zechariah 11:15; 16:5).

(5.) Tschar, properly a "bundle," (Genesis 42:35) appears to have been used by travelers for carrying money during a long journey (Proverbs 7:20).

(6.) The "bag" which Judas carried was probably a small box or chest (John 12:6; 13:29).

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