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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Call, Called, Calling

Dictionaries :: Call, Called, Calling

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2564 Greek: kaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

derived from the root kal--, whence Eng. "call" and "clamour" (see B and C, below), is used

(a) with a personal object, "to call anyone, invite, summon," e.g., Mat 20:8; 25:14; it is used particularly of the Divine call to partake of the blessings of redemption, e.g., Rom 8:30; 1Cr 1:9; 1Th 2:12; Hbr 9:15; cp. B and C, below;

(b) of nomenclature or vocation, "to call by a name, to name;" in the Passive Voice, "to be called by a name, to bear a name." Thus it suggests either vocation or destination; the context determines which, e.g., Rom 9:25-26; "surname," in Act 15:37, AV, is incorrect (RV, "was called").

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1528 Greek: eiskaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

lit., "to call in," hence, "to invite" (eis, "in," and No. 1), is found in Act 10:23.

A-3 Verb Strong's Number: g1941 Greek: epikaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

epi, "upon," and No. 1., denotes

(a) "to surname;"

(b) "to be called by a person's name;" hence it is used of being declared to be dedicated to a person, as to the Lord, Act 15:17 (from Amo 9:12); Jam 2:7;

(c) "to call a person by a name by charging him with an offense," as the Pharisees charged Christ with doing His works by the help of Beelzebub, Mat 10:25 (the most authentic reading has epikaleo, for kaleo);

(d) "to call upon, invoke;" in the Middle Voice, "to call upon for oneself" (i.e., on one's behalf), Act 7:59, or "to call upon a person as a witness," 2Cr 1:23, or to appeal to an authority, Act 25:11, etc.;

(e) "to call upon by way of adoration, making use of the Name of the Lord," Act 2:21; Rom 10:12-14; 2Ti 2:22.

A-4 Verb Strong's Number: g3333 Greek: metakaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

meta, implying "change," and No. 1, "to call from one place to another, to summon" (cp. the Sept. of Hsa 11:1), is used in the Middle Voice only, "to call for oneself, to send for, call hither," Act 7:14; 10:32; 20:17; 24:25.

A-5 Verb Strong's Number: g4341 Greek: proskaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

pros, "to," and No. 1, signifies

(a) "to call to oneself, to bid to come;" it is used only in the Middle Voice, e.g., Mat 10:1; Act 5:40; Jam 5:14;

(b) "God's call to Gentiles through the Gospel," Act 2:39;

(c) the Divine call in entrusting men with the preaching of the Gospel," Act 13:2; 16:10.

A-6 Verb Strong's Number: g4779 Greek: sunkaleo

Call, Called, Calling:

signifies "to call together," Mar 15:16; Luk 9:1; 15:6, 9; 23:13; Act 5:21; 10:24; 28:17.


(1) Enkaleo, Act 19:40, AV, "called in question," signifies "to accuse," as always in the RV.

(2) Parakaleo, "to beseech, intreat," is rendered "have called for" in Act 28:20, AV; RV, "did intreat" (marg., "call for"). It is used only here with this meaning.

A-7 Verb Strong's Number: g154 Greek: aiteo

Call, Called, Calling:

"to ask," is translated "called for" in Act 16:29 ("he called for lights").
See ASK, A. No. 1.

Note: For the RV of Mat 19:17 (AV, "callest"), see ASK (A, No. 2, Note).

A-8 Verb Strong's Number: g5455 Greek: phoneo

Call, Called, Calling:

"to sound" (Eng., "phone"), is used of the crowing of a cock, e.g., Mat 26:34; Jhn 13:38; of "calling" out with a clear or loud voice, to cry out, e.g., Mar 1:26 (some mss. have krazo here); Act 16:28; of "calling" to come to oneself, e.g., Mat 20:32; Luk 19:15; of "calling" forth, as of Christ's call to Lazarus to come forth from the tomb, Jhn 12:17; of inviting, e.g., Luk 14:12; of "calling" by name, with the implication of the pleasure taken in the possession of those "called," e.g., Jhn 10:3; 13:13.

A-9 Verb Strong's Number: g3004 Greek: lego

Call, Called, Calling:

"to speak," is used of all kinds of oral communication, e.g., "to call, to call by name," to surname, Mat 1:16; 26:36; Jhn 4:5; 11:54; 15:15; Rev 2:2, RV, "call themselves," etc.
See ASK.

A-10 Verb Strong's Number: g1951 Greek: epilego

Call, Called, Calling:

epi, "upon," and No. 9, signifies "to call in addition," i.e., by another name besides that already intimated, Jhn 5:2; for its other meaning in Act 15:40, see CHOOSE.

A-11 Verb Strong's Number: g5537 Greek: chrematizo

Call, Called, Calling:

occasionally means "to be called or named," Act 11:26 (of the name "Christians") and Rom 7:3, the only places where it has this meaning. Its primary significance, "to have business dealings with," led to this. They "were (publicly) called" Christians, because this was their chief business.

A-12 Verb Strong's Number: g3004 Greek: eipon

Call, Called, Calling:

"to say, speak," means "to call by a certain appellation," Jhn 10:35.
See BID, No. 3.

A-13 Verb Strong's Number: g2919 Greek: krino

Call, Called, Calling:

"to judge," is translated "to call in question," in Act 23:6; 24:21.


(1) For onoma, "a name," translated "called," AV, in Luk 24:13, Act 10:1, onomazo, "to name," translated "called," AV, 1Cr 5:11, and eponomazo, "to surname," translated "art called," Rom 2:17, see NAME and SURNAME.

(2) Lego, "to say," is rendered "calleth" in 1Cr 12:3, AV, which the RV corrects to "saith;" what is meant is not calling Christ "Anathema," but making use of the phrase "Anathema Jesus," i.e., "Jesus is accursed."

(3) Prosagoreuo, Hbr 5:10, means "to be named."

(4) Metapempo, rendered "call for," in Act 10:5, AV, and Act 11:13, signifies "to fetch," RV.
See FETCH, SEND, No. 9.

(5) Sunathroizo, "to assemble," is translated "he called together," in the AV of Act 19:25; RV, "he gathered together."

(6) Lambano, "to take or receive," is found with the noun hupomnesis, "remembrance," in 2Ti 1:5; RV, "having been reminded" (lit., "having received remembrance"), for AV, "when I call to remembrance."

(7) In Act 10:15; 11:9 koinoo, "to make common" (RV) is translated "call common" in the AV.

(8) For prosphoneo, "to call unto,"
See SPEAK, No. 12.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2821 Greek: klesis

Call, Called, Calling:

"a calling" (akin to A, No. 1), is always used in the NT of that "calling" the origin, nature and destiny of which are heavenly (the idea of invitation being implied); it is used especially of God's invitation to man to accept the benefits of salvation, Rom 11:29; 1Cr 1:26; 7:20 (said there of the condition in which the "calling" finds one); Eph 1:18, "His calling;" Phl 3:14, the "high calling;" 2Th 1:11; 2Pe 1:10, "your calling;" 2Ti 1:9, a "holy calling;" Hbr 3:1, a "heavenly calling;" Eph 4:1, "the calling wherewith ye were called;" 4:4, "in one hope of your calling."

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g2822 Greek: kletos

Call, Called, Calling:

"called, invited," is used,

(a) "of the call of the Gospel," Mat 20:16; 22:14, not there "an effectual call," as in the Epistles, Rom 1:1, 6, 7; 8:28; 1Cr 1:2, 24; Jud 1:1; Rev 17:14; in Rom 1:7; 1Cr 1:2 the meaning is "saints by calling;"

(b) of "an appointment to apostleship," Rom 1:1; 1Cr 1:1.

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