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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Captive, Captivity

Dictionaries :: Captive, Captivity

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g164 Greek: aichmalotos

Captive, Captivity:

lit., "one taken by the spear" (from aichme, "a spear," and halotos, a verbal adjective, from halonai, "to be captured"), hence denotes "a captive," Luk 4:18.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g161 Greek: aichmalosia

Captive, Captivity:

"captivity," the abstract noun in contrast to No. 1, the concrete, is found in Rev 13:10; Eph 4:8, where "He led captivity captive" (marg., "a multitude of captives") seems to be an allusion to the triumphal procession by which a victory was celebrated, the "captives" taken forming part of the procession. See Jdg 5:12. The quotation is from Psa 68:18, and probably is a forceful expression for Christ's victory, through His Death, over the hostile powers of darkness. An alternative suggestion is that at His Ascension Christ transferred the redeemed Old Testament saints from Sheol to His own presence in glory.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g162 Greek: aichmaloteuo

Captive, Captivity:


(a) "to be a prisoner of war,"

(b) "to make a prisoner of war." The latter meaning is the only one used in the NT, Eph 4:8.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g163 Greek: aichmalotizo

Captive, Captivity:

practically synonymous with No. 1, denotes either "to lead away captive," Luk 21:24, or "to subjugate, to bring under control," said of the effect of the Law in one's members in bringing the person into captivity under the law of sin, Rom 7:23; or of subjugating the thoughts to the obedience of Christ, 2Cr 10:5; or of those who took captive "silly women laden with sins," 2Ti 3:6.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g2221 Greek: zogreo

Captive, Captivity:

lit. signifies "to take men alive" (from zoos, "alive," and agreuo, "to hunt or catch"), Luk 5:10 (marg. "take alive"), there of the effects of the work of the Gospel; in 2Ti 2:26 it is said of the power of Satan to lead men astray. The verse should read "and that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the Devil (having been taken captive by him), unto the will of God." This is the probable meaning rather than "to take alive or for life."

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