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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Food

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Easton's Bible Dictionary


Originally the Creator granted the use of the vegetable world for food to man (Gen 1:29), with the exception mentioned (2:17). The use of animal food was probably not unknown to the antediluvians. There is, however, a distinct law on the subject given to Noah after the Deluge (Gen 9:2-5). Various articles of food used in the patriarchal age are mentioned in Gen 18:6-8; 25:34; 27:3, 4; 43:11. Regarding the food of the Israelites in Egypt, see Exd 16:3; Num 11:5. In the wilderness their ordinary food was miraculously supplied in the manna. They had also quails (Exd 16:11-13; Num 11:31).

In the law of Moses there are special regulations as to the animals to be used for food (Lev 11; Deu 14:3-21). The Jews were also forbidden to use as food anything that had been consecrated to idols (Exd 34:15), or animals that had died of disease or had been torn by wild beasts (Exd 22:31; Lev 22:8). (other restrictions Exd 23:19; 29:13-22; Lev 3:4-9; 9:18,19; 22:8; Deu 14:21.) But beyond these restrictions they had a large grant from God (Deu 14:26; 32:13,14).

Food was prepared for use in various ways. The cereals were sometimes eaten without any preparation (Lev 23:14; Deu 23:25; 2Ki 4:42). Vegetables were cooked by boiling (Gen 25:30,34; 2Ki 4:38,39), and thus also other articles of food were prepared for use (Gen 27:4; Pro 23:3; Eze 24:10; Luk 24:42; Jhn 21:9). Food was also prepared by roasting (Exd 12:8; Lev 2:14). (See COOK.)

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