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Dictionaries :: Adversary

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g476 Greek: antidikos


firstly, "an opponent in a lawsuit," Mat 5:25 (twice); Luk 12:58; 18:3, is also used to denote "an adversary or an enemy," without reference to legal affairs, and this is perhaps its meaning in 1Pe 5:8, where it is used of the Devil. Some would regard the word as there used in a legal sense, since the Devil accuses men before God.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g480 Greek: antikeimai


is, lit., "to lie opposite to, to be set over against." In addition to its legal sense it signifies "to withstand;" the present participle of the verb with the article, which is equivalent to a noun, signifies "an adversary," e.g., Luk 13:17; 21:15; 1Cr 16:9; Phl 1:28; 1Ti 5:14. This construction is used of the Man of Sin, in 2Th 2:4, and is translated "He that opposeth," where, adopting the noun form, we might render by "the opponent and self-exalter against..." In Gal 5:17 it is used of the antagonism between the Holy Spirit and the flesh in the believer; in 1Ti 1:10, of anything, in addition to persons, that is opposed to the doctrine of Christ. In these two places the word is rendered "contrary to." In the Sept. it is used of Satan, Zec 3:1, and of men, Job 13:24; Isa 66:6.

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g5227 Greek: hupenantios


"contrary, opposed," is a strengthened form of enantios (en, "in," and antios, "set against"). The intensive force is due to the preposition hupo. It is translated "contrary to," in Col 2:14, of ordinances; in Hbr 10:27, "adversaries." In each place a more violent form of opposition is suggested than in the case of enantios.


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