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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Avenge, Avenger

Dictionaries :: Avenge, Avenger

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g1556 Greek: ekdikeo

Avenge, Avenger:

ek, "from," dike, "justice," i.e., that which proceeds from justice, means

(a) "to vindicate a person's right,"

(b) "to avenge a thing." With the meaning (a), it is used in the parable of the unjust judge, Luk 18:3, 5, of the "vindication" of the rights of the widow; with the meaning (b) it is used in Rev 6:10; 19:2, of the act of God in "avenging" the blood of the saints; in 2Cr 10:6, of the Apostle's readiness to use his apostolic authority in punishing disobedience on the part of his readers; here the RV substitutes "avenge" for the AV, "revenge;" in Rom 12:19 of "avenging" oneself, against which the believer is warned.

Note: In Rev 18:20, the AV mistranslates krino and krima "hath avenged you;" RV, "hath judged your judgment."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1558 Greek: ekdikos

Avenge, Avenger:

primarily, "without law," then, "one who exacts a penalty from a person, an avenger, a punisher," is used in Rom 13:4 of a civil authority in the discharge of his function of executing wrath on the evildoer (AV, wrongly, "revenger"); in 1Th 4:6, of God as the avenger of the one who wrongs his brother, here particularly in the matter of adultery.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1557 Greek: ekdikesis

Avenge, Avenger:

"vengeance," is used with the verb poieo, "to make," i.e., to avenge, in Luk 18:7, 8; Act 7:24; twice it is used in statements that "vengeance" belongs to God, Rom 12:19; Hbr 10:30. In 2Th 1:8 it is said of the act of Divine justice which will be meted out to those who know not God and obey not the Gospel, when the Lord comes in flaming fire at His Second Advent. In the Divine exercise of judgment there is no element of vindictiveness, nothing by way of taking revenge. In Luk 21:22, it is used of the "days of vengeance" upon the Jewish people; in 1Pe 2:14, of civil governors as those who are sent of God "for vengeance on evildoers" (AV, "punishment"); in 2Cr 7:11, of the "self-avenging" of believers, in their godly sorrow for wrong doing, RV, "avenging," for AV, "revenge."
See PUNISHMENT, VENGEANCE.

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