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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: Gentiles

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1484 Greek: ethnos


whence Eng., "heathen," denotes, firstly, "a multitude or company;" then, "a multitude of people of the same nature or genus, a nation, people;" it is used in the singular, of the Jews, e.g., Luk 7:5; 23:2; Jhn 11:48, 50-52; in the plural, of nations (Heb., goiim) other than Israel, e.g., Mat 4:15; Rom 3:29; 11:11; 15:10; Gal 2:8; occasionally it is used of gentile converts in distinction from Jews, e.g., Rom 11:13; 16:4; Gal 2:12, 14; Eph 3:1.

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g1672 Greek: hellen


originally denoted the early descendants of Thessalian Hellas; then, Greeks as opposed to barbarians, Rom 1:14. It became applied to such Gentiles as spoke the Greek language, e.g., Gal 2:3; 3:28. Since that was the common medium of intercourse in the Roman Empire, Greek and Gentile became more or less interchangeable terms. For this term the RV always adheres to the word "Greeks," e.g., Jhn 7:35; Rom 2:9, 10; 3:9; 1Cr 10:32, where the local church is distinguished from Jews and Gentiles; 1Cr 12:13.

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g1482 Greek: ethnikos


is used as noun, and translated "Gentiles" in the RV of Mat 5:47; 6:7; "the Gentile" in Mat 18:17 (AV, "an heathen man"); "the Gentiles" in 3Jo 1:7, AV and RV.

C-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g1482 Greek: ethnikos


"in Gentile fashion, in the manner of Gentiles," is used in Gal 2:14, "as do the Gentiles," RV.


(1) For the synonymous word laos, "a people," see PEOPLE.

(2) When, under the new order of things introduced by the Gospel the mystery of the Church was made known, the word ethnos was often used in contrast to the local church, 1Cr 5:1; 10:20; 12:2; 1Th 4:5; 1Pe 2:12.

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