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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Greet, Greeting

Dictionaries :: Greet, Greeting

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g782 Greek: aspazomai

Greet, Greeting:

signifies "to greet, welcome," or "salute." In the AV it is chiefly rendered by either of the verbs "to greet" or "to salute." "There is little doubt that the revisers have done wisely in giving 'salute'... in the passages where AV has 'greet.' For the cursory reader is sure to imagine a difference of Greek and of meaning when he finds, e.g., in Phl 4:21, 'Salute evey saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me greet you,' or in 3Jo 1:14, 'Our friends salute thee. Greet the friends by name'" (Hastings, Bible Dic.). In Act 25:13 the meaning virtually is "to pay his respects to."

In two passages the renderings vary otherwise; in Act 20:1, of bidding farewell, AV, "embraced them," RV, "took leave of them," or, as Ramsay translates it, "bade them farewell;" in Hbr 11:13, of welcoming promises, AV, "embraced," RV, "greeted."

The verb is used as a technical term for conveying "greetings" at the close of a letter, often by an amanuensis, e.g., Rom 16:22, the only instance of the use of the first person in this respect in the NT; see also 1Cr 16:19, 20; 2Cr 13:13; Phl 4:22; Col 4:10-15; 1Th 5:26; 2Ti 4:21; Tts 3:15; Phm 1:23; Hbr 13:24; 1Pe 5:13, 14; 2Jo 1:13. This special use is largely illustrated in the papyri, one example of this showing how keenly the absence of the greeting was felt. The papyri also illustrate the use of the addition "by name," when several persons are included in the greeting, as in 3Jo 1:14 (Moulton and Milligan, Vocab).

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g5463 Greek: chairo

Greet, Greeting:

"to rejoice," is thrice used as a formula of salutation in Act 15:23, AV, "send greeting," RV, "greeting;" so Act 23:26; Jam 1:1. In 2Jo 1:10, 11, the RV substitutes the phrase (to give) "greeting," for the AV (to bid) "God speed."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g783 Greek: aspasmos

Greet, Greeting:

a salutation, is always so rendered in the RV; AV, "greetings" in Mat 23:7; Luk 11:43; 20:46; it is used

(a) orally in those instances and in Mar 12:38; Luk 1:29, 41, 44;

(b) in written salutations, 1Cr 16:21 (cp. A, No. 1, in ver. 20); Col 4:18; 2Th 3:17.

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