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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Heart, Heartily

Dictionaries :: Heart, Heartily

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g2588 Greek: kardia

Heart, Heartily:

"the heart" (Eng., "cardiac," etc.), the chief organ of physical life ("for the life of the flesh is in the blood," Lev 17:11), occupies the most important place in the human system. By an easy transition the word came to stand for man's entire mental and moral activity, both the rational and the emotional elements. In other words, the heart is used figuratively for the hidden springs of the personal life. "The Bible describes human depravity as in the 'heart', because sin is a principle which has its seat in the center of man's inward life, and then 'defiles' the whole circuit of his action, Mat 15:19, 20. On the other hand, Scripture regards the heart as the sphere of Divine influence, Rom 2:15; Act 15:9.... The heart, as lying deep within, contains 'the hidden man,' 1Pe 3:4, the real man. It represents the true character but conceals it" (J. Laidlaw, in Hastings' Bible Dic.).

As to its usage in the NT it denotes

(a) the seat of physical life, Act 14:17; Jam 5:5;

(b) the seat of moral nature and spiritual life, the seat of grief, Jhn 14:1; Rom 9:2; 2Cr 2:4; joy, Jhn 16:22; Eph 5:19; the desires, Mat 5:28; 2Pe 2:14; the affections, Luk 24:32; Act 21:13; the perceptions, Jhn 12:40; Eph 4:18; the thoughts, Mat 9:4; Hbr 4:12; the understanding, Mat 13:15; Rom 1:21; the reasoning powers, Mar 2:6; Luk 24:38; the imagination, Luk 1:51; conscience, Act 2:37; 1Jo 3:20; the intentions, Hbr 4:12, cp. 1Pe 4:1; purpose, Act 11:23; 2Cr 9:7; the will, Rom 6:17; Col 3:15; faith, Mar 11:23; Rom 10:10; Hbr 3:12.

The heart, in its moral significance in the OT, includes the emotions, the reason and the will.

2 Strong's Number: g5590 Greek: psuche

Heart, Heartily:

the soul, or life, is rendered "heart" in Eph 6:6 (marg., "soul"), "doing the will of God from the heart." In Col 3:23, a form of the word psuche preceded by ek, from, lit., "from (the) soul," is rendered "heartily."

Notes:

(1) the RV, "heart" is substituted for AV, "bowels," in Col 3:12; Phm 1:7, 12, 20.

(2) In 2Cr 3:3, the RV has "tables" that are hearts of flesh," for AV, "fleshly tables of the heart."

(3) In Eph 1:18, the best mss. have kardia, "(the eyes of your) heart;" some have dianoia, "understanding" (AV).

(4) In Hbr 8:10; 10:16, the AV has "in their hearts" and "into their hearts;" RV, "on their heart."

(5) In Luk 21:26, where there is no word for "hearts" in the original, the RV has "men fainting (for fear)."

(6) In 2Cr 7:2, the verb choreo, to make room for, "receive" (AV), is translated, or rather, interpreted, "open your hearts," RV, marg., "make room for (us)."

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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