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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Lack, Lacking

Dictionaries :: Lack, Lacking

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5303 Greek: husterema

Lack, Lacking:


(a) "that which is lacking," "deficiency, shortcoming" (akin to hustereo, "to be behind, in want"), 1Cr 16:17; Phl 2:30; Col 1:24, RV, "that which is lacking" [AV, "that which is behind" (of the afflictions of Christ)], where the reference is not to the vicarious sufferings of Christ, but to those which He endured previously, and those which must be endured by His faithful servants; 1Th 3:10, where "that which is lacking" means that which Paul had not been able to impart to them, owing to the interruption of his spiritual instruction among them;

(b) "need, want, poverty," Luk 21:4, RV, "want" (AV, "penury"); 2Cr 8:14 (twice) "want;" 2Cr 9:12, "wants" (AV, "want"); 2Cr 11:9, RV, "(the measure of my) want" [AV, "that which was lacking (to me)"].

Note: In 1Th 4:12, AV, chreia, "need," is translated "lack" (RV, "need").

B-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g1729 Greek: endees

Lack, Lacking:

from endeo, "to lack," signifies "needy, in want," translated "that lacked" in Act 4:34.

C-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5302 Greek: hustereo

Lack, Lacking:

akin to A, "to come or be behind," is used in the sense of "lacking" certain things, Mat 19:20; Mar 10:21 ("one thing;" cp. No. 3 in Luk 18:22); Luk 22:35; in the sense of being inferior, 1Cr 12:24 (Middle Voice). Elsewhere it is translated in various ways; see BEHIND, B, No. 1, COME, No. 39, DESTITUTE, FAIL, Note (2), NEED, WANT, WORSE.

C-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1641 Greek: elattoneo

Lack, Lacking:

"to be less" (from elatton, "less"), is translated "had no lack," 2Cr 8:15 (quoted from the Sept. of Exd 16:18), the circumstance of the gathering of the manna being applied to the equalizing nature of cause and effect in the matter of supplying the wants of the needy.

C-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3007 Greek: leipo

Lack, Lacking:

"to leave," denotes

(a) transitively, in the Passive Voice, "to be left behind, to lack," Jam 1:4, "ye may be lacking in (nothing)," RV (AV, "wanting"); Jam 1:5, "lacketh" (AV, "lack"); Jam 2:15, RV, "be... in lack" (AV, "be... destitute");

(b) intransitively, Active Voice, Luk 18:22, "(one thing thou) lackest," is, lit., "(one thing) is lacking (to thee);" Tts 1:5, "(the things) that were wanting;" Tts 3:13, "(that nothing) be wanting."

Note: In 2Pe 1:9, "he that lacketh" translates a phrase the lit. rendering of which is "(he to whom these things) are not present" (paraeimi, "to be present").


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