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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Man (See Also Men)

Dictionaries :: Man (See Also Men)

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g444 Greek: anthropos

Man (See Also Men):

is used

(a) generally, of "a human being, male or female," without reference to sex or nationality, e.g., Mat 4:4; 12:35; Jhn 2:25;

(b) in distinction from God, e.g., Mat 19:6; Jhn 10:33; Gal 1:11; Col 3:23;

(c) in distinction from animals, etc., e.g., Luk 5:10;

(d) sometimes, in the plural, of "men and women," people, e.g., Mat 5:13, 16; in Mar 11:2; 1Ti 6:16, lit., "no one of men;"

(e) in some instances with a suggestion of human frailty and imperfection, e.g., 1Cr 2:5; Act 14:15 (2nd part);

(f) in the phrase translated "after man," "after the manner of men," "as a man" (AV), lit. "according to (kata) man," is used only by the Apostle Paul, of "

(1) the practices of fallen humanity, 1Cr 3:3;

(2) anything of human origin, Gal 1:11;

(3) the laws that govern the administration of justice among men, Rom 3:5;

(4) the standard generally accepted among men, Gal 3:15;

(5) an illustration not drawn from Scripture, 1Cr 9:8;

(6) probably = 'to use a figurative expression' (see AV, marg.), i.e., to speak evil of men with whom he had contended at Ephesus as 'beasts' (cp. 1Cr 4:6), 1Cr 15:32; Lightfoot prefers 'from worldly motives'; but the other interpretation, No. (4), seems to make better sense. See also Rom 6:19, where, however, the Greek is slightly different, anthropinos, 'pertaining to mankind;'" the meaning is as Nos. (5) and (6). *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, p. 139.]

(g) in the phrase "the inward man," the regenerate person's spiritual nature personified, the inner self of the believer, Rom 7:22, as approving of the law of God; in Eph 3:16, as the sphere of the renewing power of the Holy Spirit; in 2Cr 4:16 (where anthropos is not repeated), in contrast to "the outward man," the physical frame, the "man" as congnizable by the senses; the "inward" man is identical with "the hidden man of the heart," 1Pe 3:4.

(h) in the expressions "the old man," "the new man," which are confined to Paul's Epistles, the former standing for the unregenerate nature personified as the former self of a believer, which, having been crucified with Christ, Rom 6:6, is to be apprehended practically as such, and to be "put off," Eph 4:22; Col 3:9, being the source and seat of sin; the latter, "the new man," standing for the new nature personified as the believer's regenerate self, a nature "created in righteousness and holiness of truth," Eph 4:24, and having been "put on" at regeneration, Col 3:10; being "renewed after the image of Him that created him," it is to be "put on" in pratical apprehension of these facts.

(i) often joined with another noun, e.g., Mat 11:19, lit., "a man, a glutton;" Mat 13:52, lit., "a man, a householder;" Mat 18:23, "a certain king," lit., "a man, a king."

(j) as equivalent simply to "a person," or "one," whether "man" or woman, e.g., Act 19:16; Rom 3:28; Gal 2:16; Jam 1:19; 2:24; 3:8 (like the pronoun tis, "someone;" tis is rendered "man" in Mat 8:28); or, again (as tis sometimes signifies), "a man," e.g., Mat 17:14; Luk 13:19.

(k) definitely, with the article, of some particular person, Mat 12:13; Mar 3:3, 5; or with the demonstrative pronoun and the article, e.g., Mat 12:45; Luk 14:30. For the phrase "the Son of man" see SON OF MAN. For "the man of sin," 2Th 2:3, see INIQUITY, No. 1.

(l) in the phrase "the man of God," 2Ti 3:17, not used as an official designation, nor denoting a special class of believers, it specifies what every believer should be, namely, a person whose life and conduct represent the mind of God and fulfill His will; so in 1Ti 6:11, "O man of God." Some regard this in the OT sense as of a prophet acting in a distinctive character, possessed of Divine authority; but the context is of such a general character as to confirm the more extended designation here.


(1) In Gal 3:28, the RV adds the italicized word "man" ("ye all are one man in Christ Jesus"), in accordance with Eph 2:15, which speaks of Jew and Gentile as becoming "one new man" in Christ. The figure is closely analogous to that of "the body." In these two passages "one" is masculine, i.e., "one person;" in Jhn 10:30; 11:52; 17:21, 22, 23, "one" is neuter, "one thing," as in 1Cr 3:8; 11:5. The first two, in Gal. 3 and Eph. 2, express vital union, present and eternal; in John 17 the union is moral, a process in course of accomplishment.

(2) For philanthropia, Tts 3:4, "(His) love toward man," see KIND, C, No. 2.

(3) In Rev 9:20, the RV translates the genitive plural of anthropos with the article, "mankind" (AV, "the men"); it might have been rendered "(the rest) of men."

2 Strong's Number: g435 Greek: aner

Man (See Also Men):

is never used of the female sex; it stands

(a) in distinction from a woman, Act 8:12; 1Ti 2:12; as a husband, Mat 1:16; Jhn 4:16; Rom 7:2; Tts 1:6;

(b) as distinct from a boy or infant, 1Cr 13:11; metaphorically in Eph 4:13;

(c) in conjunction with an adjective or noun, e.g., Luk 5:8, lit., "a man, a sinner;" Luk 24:19, lit., "a man, a prophet;" often in terms of address, e.g., Act 1:16; 13:15, 26; 15:7, 13, lit., "men, brethren;" with gentilic or local names (virtually a title of honor), e.g., Act 2:14; 22:3, lit., "Judean men," "a Judean man;" Act 3:12; 5:35, lit., "Israelite men;" Act 17:22 "Athenian men;" Act 19:35, lit., "Ephesian men;" in Act 14:15 it is used in addressing a company of "men," without any descriptive term. In this verse, however, the distinction between aner and anthropos (2nd part) is noticeable; the use of the latter comes under No. 1 (e);

(d) in general, "a man, a male person" (used like the pronoun tis, No. 3), "a man" (i.e., a certain "man"), e.g., Luk 8:41; in the plural, Act 6:11.

3 Strong's Number: g5100 Greek: tis

Man (See Also Men):

"some one, a certain one," is rendered "a man," "a certain man," e.g., in Mat 22:24; Mar 8:4, AV (RV, "one"); Mar 12:19; Jhn 3:3, 5; 6:50; 14:23; 15:6, 13; Act 13:41, AV (RV, "one"); 1Cr 4:2; 1Ti 1:8; 2Ti 2:5, 21; Jam 2:14, 18; 1Pe 2:19; 1Jo 4:20.

4 Strong's Number: g730 Greek: arren | arsen

Man (See Also Men):


5 Strong's Number: g5046 Greek: teleios

Man (See Also Men):

perfect, is translated "men" in 1Cr 14:20, RV marg., "of full age," AV marg., "perfect, or, of a ripe age."

Note: In many cases the word "man" is combined with an adjective to translate one word in the original. These will be found under various other headings.


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