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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Obedience, Obedient, Obey

Dictionaries :: Obedience, Obedient, Obey

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5218 Greek: hupakoe

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"obedience" (hupo, "under," akouo, "to hear"), is used

(a) in general, Rom 6:16 (1st part), RV, "(unto) obedience," AV, "(to) obey;" here "obedience" is not personified, as in the next part of the verse, "servants... of obedience" [see (c)], but is simply shown to be the effect of the presentation mentioned;

(b) of the fulfillment of apostolic counsels, 2Cr 7:15; 10:6; Phm 1:21;

(c) of the fulfillment of God's claims or commands, Rom 1:5; 16:26, "obedience of faith," which grammatically might be objective, to the faith (marg.), or subjective, as in the text. Since faith is one of the main subjects of the Epistle, and is the initial act of obedience in the new life, as well as an essential characteristic thereof, the text rendering is to be preferred; Rom 6:16 (2nd part); 15:18, RV "(for) the obedience," AV, "(to make) obedient;" Rom 16:19; 1Pe 1:2, 14, RV, "(children of) obedience," i.e., characterized by "obedience," AV, "obedient (children);" 1Pe 1:22, RV, "obedience (to the truth)," AV, "obeying (the truth);"

(d) of "obedience" to Christ (objective), 2Cr 10:5;

(e) of Christ's "obedience," Rom 5:19 (referring to His death; cp. Phl 2:8); Hbr 5:8, which refers to His delighted experience in constant "obedience" to the Father's will (not to be understood in the sense that He learned to obey).

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g5292 Greek: hupotage

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

subjection (hupo, "under," tasso, "to order"), is translated "obedience" in 2Cr 9:13, RV (AV, "subjection").

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5219 Greek: hupakouo

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"to listen, attend" (as in Act 12:13), and so, "to submit, to obey," is used of "obedience"

(a) to God Hbr 5:9; 11:8;

(b) to Christ, by natural elements, Mat 8:27; Mar 1:27; 4:41; Luk 8:25;

(c) to disciples of Christ, Luk 17:6;

(d) to the faith, Act 6:7; the Gospel, Rom 10:16; 2Th 1:8; Christian doctrine, Rom 6:17 (as to a form or mold of teaching);

(e) to apostolic injunctions, Phl 2:12; 2Th 3:14;

(f) to Abraham by Sarah, 1Pe 3:6;

(g) to parents by children, Eph 6:1; Col 3:20;

(h) to masters by servants, Eph 6:5; Col 3:22;

(i) to sin, Rom 6:12;

(j) in general, Rom 6:16.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3982 Greek: peitho

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"to persuade, to win over," in the Passive and Middle Voices, "to be persuaded, to listen to, to obey," is so used with this meaning, in the Middle Voice, e.g., in Act 5:36-37 (in Act 5:40, Passive Voice, "they agreed"); Rom 2:8; Gal 5:7; Hbr 13:17; Jam 3:3. The "obedience" suggested is not by submission to authority, but resulting from persuasion.

"Peitho and pisteuo" 'to trust,' are closely related etymologically; the difference in meaning is that the former implies the obedience that is produced by the latter, cp. Hbr 3:18, 19, where the disobedience of the Israelites is said to be the evidence of their unbelief. Faith is of the heart, invisible to men; obedience is of the conduct and may be observed. When a man obeys God he gives the only possible evidence that in his heart he believes God. Of course it is persuasion of the truth that results in faith (we believe because we are persuaded that the thing is true, a thing does not become true because it is believed), but peitho, in NT suggests an actual and outward result of the inward persuasion and consequent faith." *
[* From Notes on Thessalonians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 254, 255.]
See ASSURANCE, B, No. 3.

B-3 Verb Strong's Number: g3980 Greek: peitharcheo

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"to obey one in authority" (No. 2, and arche, "rule"), is translated "obey" in Act 5:29, 32; "to be obedient," Tts 3:1, RV (AV, "to obey magistrates"); in Act 27:21, "hearkened."

B-4 Verb Strong's Number: g544 Greek: apeitheo

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"to disobey, be disobedient" (a, negative, and No. 2), is translated "obey not" in Rom 2:8; 1Pe 3:1; 4:17.

Note: In 1Cr 14:34, AV, hupotasso, "to be in subjection" (RV), is translated "to be under obedience;" so Tts 2:5, RV, "being in subjection" (AV, "obedient"); and Tts 2:9, RV (AV, "to be obedient").

C-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g5255 Greek: hupekoos

Obedience, Obedient, Obey:

"obedient" (akin to A, No. 1), "giving ear, subject," occurs in Act 7:39, RV, "(would not be) obedient," AV, "(would not) obey;" 2Cr 2:9; Phl 2:8, where the RV "even" is useful as making clear that the "obedience" was not to death but to the Father.


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