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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Patience, Patient, Patiently

Dictionaries :: Patience, Patient, Patiently

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Noun Strong's Number: g5281 Greek: hupomone

Patience, Patient, Patiently:

lit., "an abiding under" (hupo, "under," meno, "to abide"), is almost invariably rendered "patience." "Patience, which grows only in trial, Jam 1:3, may be passive, i.e., == "endurance," as,

(a) in trials, generally, Luk 21:19 (which is to be understood by Mat 24:13); cp. Rom 12:12; Jam 1:12;

(b) in trials incident to service in the gospel, 2Cr 6:4; 12:12; 2Ti 3:10;

(c) under chastisement, which is trial viewed as coming from the hand of God our Father, Hbr 12:7;

(d) under undeserved affliction, 1Pe 2:20; or active, i.e. == "persistence, perseverance," as

(e) in well doing, Rom 2:7 (AV, "patient continuance");

(f) in fruit bearing, Luk 8:15;

(g) in running the appointed race, Hbr 12:1.

"Patience perfects Christian character, Jam 1:4, and fellowship in the patience of Christ is therefore the condition upon which believers are to be admitted to reign with Him, 2Ti 2:12; Rev 1:9. For this patience believers are 'strengthened with all power,' Col 1:11, 'through His Spirit in the inward man,' Eph 3:16.

"In 2Th 3:5, the phrase "the patience of Christ,' RV, is possible of three interpretations,

(a) the patient waiting for Christ, so AV paraphrases the words,

(b) that they might be patient in their sufferings as Christ was in His, see Hbr 12:2,

(c) that since Christ is "expecting till His enemies be made the footstool of His feet,' Hbr 10:13, so they might be patient also in their hopes of His triumph and their deliverance. While a too rigid exegesis is to be avoided, it may, perhaps, be permissible to paraphrase: 'the Lord teach and enable you to love as God loves, and to be patient as Christ is patient." *
[* From Notes on Thessalonians by Hogg and Vine, pp. 222, 285.]

In Rev 3:10, "the word of My patience" is the word which tells of Christ's patience, and its effects in producing "patience" on the part of those who are His (see above on 2Th 3:5).

A-2 Noun Strong's Number: g3115 Greek: makrothumia

Patience, Patient, Patiently:

"long-suffering" (see B, No. 2), is rendered "patience" in Hbr 6:12; Jam 5:10; see LONGSUFFERING.

B-1 Verb Strong's Number: g5278 Greek: hupomeno

Patience, Patient, Patiently:

akin to A, No. 1,

(a) used intransitively, means "to tarry behind, still abide," Luk 2:43; Act 17:14;

(b) transitively, "to wait for," Rom 8:24 (in some mss.), "to bear patiently, endure," translated "patient" (present participle) in Rom 12:12; "ye take it patiently," 1Pe 2:20 (twice). See also under A, No. 1.

B-2 Verb Strong's Number: g3114 Greek: makrothumeo

Patience, Patient, Patiently:

akin to A, No. 2, "to be long-tempered," is translated "to have patience," or "to be patient," in Mat 18:26, 29; 1Th 5:14, AV (RV, "be longsuffering"); Jam 5:7 (1st part, "be patient;" 2nd part, RV, "being patient," AV, "hath long patience"); in Hbr 6:15, RV, "having (AV, after he had) patiently endured."

C-1 Adjectives

Patience, Patient, Patiently:


(1) For epieikes, translated "patient" in 1Ti 3:3, AV, see GENTLE.

(2) For anexikakos, translated, "patient" in 2Ti 2:24, AV, see FORBEAR.

D-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g3116 Greek: makrothumos

Patience, Patient, Patiently:

akin to A, No. 2, and B, No. 2, denotes "patiently" Act 26:3.


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