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Dictionaries :: Ruler

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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
1 Strong's Number: g758 Greek: archon


"a ruler, chief, prince," is translated "rulers," e.g., in 1Cr 2:6, 8, RV (AV, "princes"); "ruler," Rev 1:5 (AV, "prince").

2 Strong's Number: g746 Greek: arche


"a rule, sovereignty," is rendered "rulers" in Luk 12:11, RV (AV, "magistrates").

3 Strong's Number: g2888 Greek: kosmokrator


denotes "a ruler of this world" (contrast pantokrator, "almighty"). In Greek literature, in Orphic hymns, etc., and in Rabbinic writings, it signifies a "ruler" of the whole world, a world-lord. In the NT it is used in Eph 6:12, "the world-rulers (of this darkness)," RV, AV, "the rulers (of the darkness) of this world." The context ("not against flesh and blood") shows that not earthly potentates are indicated, but spirit powers, who, under the permissive will of God, and in consequence of human sin, exercise Satanic and therefore antagonistic authority over the world in its present condition of spiritual darkness and alienation from God. The suggested rendering "the rulers of this dark world" is ambiguous and not phraseologically requisite. Cp. Jhn 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; 2Cr 4:4.

4 Strong's Number: g4173 Greek: politarches


"a ruler of a city" (polis, "a city," archo, "to rule"), "a politarch," is used in Act 17:6, 8, of the magistrates in Thessalonica, before whom the Jews, with a mob of market idlers, dragged Jason and other converts, under the charge of showing hospitality to Paul and Silas, and of treasonable designs against the Emperor. Thessalonica was a "free" city and the citizens could choose their own politarchs. The accuracy of Luke has been vindicated by the use of the term, for while classical authors use the terms poliarchos and politarchos of similar "rulers," the form used by Luke is supported by inscriptions discovered at Thessalonica, one of which mentions Sosipater, Secundus, and Gaius among the politarchs, names occurring as those of Paul's companions. Prof. Burton of Chicago, in a paper on "The Politarchs," has recorded 17 inscriptions which attest their existence, thirteen of which belong to Macedonia and five presumably to Thessalonica itself, illustrating the influence of Rome in the municipal organization of the place.

5 Strong's Number: g755 Greek: architriklinos


denotes "the superintendent of a banquet," whose duty lay in arranging the tables and food (arche, "ruler," triklinos, lit., "a room with three couches"), Jhn 2:8, 9.


(1) In Mar 13:9; Luk 21:12, AV, hegemon, "a leader, a governor of a province," is translated "ruler" (RV, "governor").

(2) For "ruler" of the synagogue, see SYNAGOGUE.

(3) In Mat 24:45, AV, kathistemi, "to appoint," is translated "hath made ruler" (RV, "hath set"); so in Mat 24:47; 25:21, 23; Luk 12:42, 44.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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