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The Blue Letter Bible

Dictionaries :: What

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Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words



(1) Most frequently this is a translation of some form of the relative pronoun hos or the interrogative tis.

(2) Other words are

(a) hoios, "of what kind," e.g., 2Cr 10:11, RV (AV, "such as"); 1Th 1:5, "what manner of men;" 2Ti 3:11 (twice), lit., "what sorts of things," "what sorts of persecutions;"

(b) poios, "what sort of," e.g., Mat 21:23, 24, 27; 24:42, 43; Luk 5:19; 6:32-34; 20:2,8; 24:19; Jhn 12:33, "what manner of;" so in Jhn 18:32; 21:19; Rom 3:27; 1Cr 15:35; in Jam 4:14, "what;" 1Pe 2:20; Rev 3:3 (ditto); 1Pe 1:11, "what manner of;"

(c) hopoios, "what sort of," 1Cr 3:13; "what manner of," 1Th 1:9;

(d) hosos, "how great," Mar 6:30 (twice), RV, "whatsoever;" Act 15:12; Rom 3:19, "what things soever;" Jud 1:10 (1st part), "whatsoever things," RV; (2nd part) "what;"

(e) posos, "how great, how much," 2Cr 7:11, "what (earnest care)," RV (posos here stands for the repeated words in the Eng. versions, the adjective not being repeated in the original);

(f) hostis, "what (things)," Phl 3:7;

(g) in Mat 26:40, houtos, "thus, so," is used as an exclamatory expression, translated "What" (in a word immediately addressed by the Lord to Peter), lit., "So;"

(h) for potapos, rendered "what" in Mar 13:1 (2nd part), AV, see MANNER;

(i) in 1Cr 6:16, 19, AV, the particle e, "or" (RV), is rendered "What?;" in 1Cr 14:36, AV and RV, "what?"

(j) in 1Cr 11:22, gar, "in truth, indeed," has its exclamatory use "What?"

(3) In Jhn 5:19 "but what" translates a phrase, lit., "if not anything."

(4) In Mat 8:33 "what" is, lit., "the things" (neuter plural of the article).

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