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Study Resources :: Dictionaries :: Inherit, Inheritance

Dictionaries :: Inherit, Inheritance

Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Verb Strong's Number: g2816 Greek: kleronomeo

Inherit, Inheritance:

strictly means "to receive by lot" (kleros, "a lot," nemomai, "to possess"); then, in a more general sense, "to possess oneself of, to receive as one's own, to obtain." The following list shows how in the NT the idea of inheriting broadens out to include all spiritual good provided through and in Christ, and particularly all that is contained in the hope grounded on the promises of God.

The verb is used of the following objects:

"(a) birthright, that into the possession of which one enters in virtue of sonship, not because of a price paid or of a task accomplished, Gal 4:30; Hbr 1:4; 12:17;

(b) that which is received as a gift, in contrast with that which is received as the reward of law-keeping, Hbr 1:14; 6:12 ('through,' i.e., 'through experiences that called for the exercise of faith and patience,' but not 'on the ground of the exercise of faith and patience.');

(c) that which is received on condition of obedience to certain precepts, 1Pe 3:9, and of faithfulness to God amidst opposition, Rev 21:7;

(d) the reward of that condition of soul which forbears retaliation and self-vindication, and expresses itself in gentleness of behavior..., Mat 5:5. The phrase "inherit the earth," or "land," occur several times in OT. See especially Psa 37:11, 22;

(e) the reward (in the coming age, Mar 10:30) of the acknowledgment of the paramountcy of the claims of Christ, Mat 19:29. In the three accounts given of this incident, see Mar 10:17-31, Luk 18:18-30, the words of the question put to the Lord are, in Matthew, "that I may have," in Mark and Luke, "that I may inherit." In the report of the Lord's word to Peter in reply to his subsequent question, Matthew has "inherit eternal life," while Mark and Luke have "receive eternal life." It seems to follow that the meaning of the word "inherit" is here ruled by the words "receive" and "have," with which it is interchanged in each of the three Gospels, i.e., the less common word "inherit" is to be regarded as equivalent to the more common words "receive" and "have." Cp. Luk 10:25;

(f) the reward of those who have shown kindness to the "brethren" of the Lord in their distress, Mat 25:34;

(g) the kingdom of God, which the morally corrupt cannot "inherit," 1Cr 6:9, 10, the "inheritance" of which is likewise impossible to the present physical constitution of man, 1Cr 15:50;

(h) incorruption, impossible of "inheritance" by corruption, 1Cr 15:50." *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 286-289.]
See HEIR.

Note: In regard to (e), the word clearly signifies entrance into eternal life without any previous title; it will not bear the implication that a child of God may be divested of his "inheritance" by the loss of his right of succession.

A-2 Verb Strong's Number: g2820 Greek: kleroo

Inherit, Inheritance:

is used in the Passive Voice in Eph 1:11, AV, "we have obtained an inheritance;" RV, "we were made a heritage."
See HERITAGE.

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g2817 Greek: kleronomia

Inherit, Inheritance:

"a lot" (see A), properly "an inherited property, an inheritance." "It is always rendered inheritance in NT, but only in a few cases in the Gospels has it the meaning ordinarily attached to that word in English, i.e., that into possession of which the heir enters only on the death of an ancestor. The NT usage may be set out as follows:

(a) that property in real estate which in ordinary course passes from father to son on the death of the former, Mat 21:38; Mar 12:7; Luk 12:13; 20:14;

(b) a portion of an estate made the substance of a gift, Act 7:5; Gal 3:18, which also is to be included under (c);

(c) the prospective condition and possessions of the believer in the new order of things to be ushered in at the return of Christ, Act 20:32; Eph 1:14; 5:5; Col 3:24; Hbr 9:15; 1Pe 1:4;

(d) what the believer will be to God in that age, Eph 1:18." *
[* From Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 146-147.]

Note: In Gal 3:18, "if the inheritance is of the Law," the word "inheritance" stands for "the title to the inheritance."

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g2819 Greek: kleros

Inherit, Inheritance:

(whence Eng., "clergy"), denotes

(a) "a lot," given or cast (the latter as a means of obtaining Divine direction), Mat 27:35; Mar 15:24; Luk 23:24; Jhn 19:24; Act 1:26;

(b) "a person's share" in anything, Act 1:17, RV, "portion" (AV, "part"); Act 8:21, "lot;"

(c) "a charge" (lit., "charges") "allotted," to elders, 1Pe 5:3, RV (AV, "(God's) heritage"); the figure is from portions of lands allotted to be cultivated;

(d) "an inheritance," as in No. 1 (c); Act 26:18; Col 1:12.
See CHARGE, A, No. 4, LOT(S), PART, PORTION.

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

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