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Below are articles from the following dictionary:
Vine's Expository Dictionary of New Testament Words
A-1 Adjective Strong's Number: g744 Greek: archaios


"original, ancient" (from arche, "a beginning:" Eng., "archaic," "archaeology," etc.), is used

(a) of persons belonging to a former age, "(to) them of old time," Mat 5:21, 33, RV; in some mss. ver. 27; the RV rendering is right; not ancient teachers are in view; what was said to them of old time was "to be both recognized in its significance and estimated in its temporary limitations, Christ intending His words to be regarded not as an abrogation, but a deepening and fulfilling" (Cremer); of prophets, Luk 9:8, 19;

(b) of time long gone by, Act 15:21;

(c) of days gone by in a person's experience, Act 15:7, "a good while ago," lit., "from old (days)," i.e., from the first days onward in the sense of originality, not age;

(d) of Mnason, "an early disciple," Act 21:16, RV, not referring to age, but to his being one of the first who had accepted the Gospel from the beginning of its proclamation;

(e) of things which are "old" in relation to the new, earlier things in contrast to things present, 2Cr 5:17, i.e., of what characterized and conditioned the time previous to conversion in a believer's experience, RV, "they are become new," i.e., they have taken on a new complexion and are viewed in an entirely different way;

(f) of the world (i.e., the inhabitants of the world) just previous to the Flood, 2Pe 2:5;

(g) of the Devil, as "that old serpent," Rev 12:9; 20:2, "old," not in age, but as characterized for a long period by the evils indicated.

Note: For the difference between this and No. 2, see below.

A-2 Adjective Strong's Number: g3820 Greek: palaios


akin to C, No. 1 (Eng., "paleontology," etc.), "of what is of long duration, old in years," etc., a garment, wine (in contrast to neos; see NEW), Mat 9:16, 17; Mar 2:21, 22 (twice); Luk 5:36, 37, 39 (twice); of the treasures of Divine truth, Mat 13:52 (compared with kainos: see NEW); of what belongs to the past, e.g., the believer's former self before his conversion, his "old man," "old" because it has been superseded by that which is new, Rom 6:6; Eph 4:22 (in contrast to kainos); Col 3:9 (in contrast to neos); of the covenant in connection with the Law, 2Cr 3:14; of leaven, metaphorical of moral evil, 1Cr 5:7, 8 (in contrast to neos); of that which was given long ago and remains in force, an "old" commandment, 1Jo 2:7 (twice), that which was familiar and well known in contrast to that which is fresh (kainos).

Note: Palaios denotes "old," without the reference to beginning and origin contained in archaios" (Abbott-Smith), a distinction observed in the papyri (Moulton and Milligan). While sometimes any difference seems almost indistinguishable, yet "it is evident that wherever an emphasis is desired to be laid on the reaching back to a beginning, whatever that beginning may be, archaios will be preferred (e.g., of Satan, Rev 12:9; 20:2, see No. 1). That which... is old in the sense of more or less worn out... is always palaios" (Trench).

A-3 Adjective Strong's Number: g4245 Greek: presbuteros


"older, elder," is used in the plural, as a noun, in Act 2:17, "old men."

B-1 Noun Strong's Number: g1088 Greek: geron


denotes "an old man" (from the same root comes Eng., "gray"), Jhn 3:4.

B-2 Noun Strong's Number: g4246 Greek: presbutes


"an old man," Luk 1:18, is translated "aged" in Tts 2:2; Phm 1:9 (for this, however, see the RV marg.).

B-3 Noun Strong's Number: g1094 Greek: geras


"old age," occurs in Luk 1:36.

Note: Augustine (quoted by Trench, cvii, 2) speaks of the distinction observed among Greeks, that presbutes conveys the suggestion of gravity.

C-1 Adverb Strong's Number: g3819 Greek: palai


denotes "long ago, of old," Hbr 1:1, RV, "of old time" (AV, "in time past"); in Jud 1:4, "of old;" it is used as an adjective in 2Pe 1:9, "(his) old (sins)," lit., "his sins of old."

C-2 Adverb Strong's Number: g1597 Greek: ekpalai


"from of old, for a long time" (ek, "from," and No. 1), occurs in 2Pe 2:3, RV, "from of old" (AV, "of a long time"); 2Pe 3:5.
See LONG, B, Note (2).

Note: In 1Pe 3:5, AV, the particle pote, "once, formerly, ever, sometime," is translated "in the old time" (RV, "aforetime"); in 2Pe 1:21, "in old time" (RV, "ever"), AV marg., "at any time."

D-1 Verb Strong's Number: g3822 Greek: palaioo


akin to A, No. 2, denotes, in the Active Voice, "to make or declare old," Hbr 8:13 (1st part); in the Passive Voice, "to become old," of things worn out by time and use, Luk 12:33; Hbr 1:11, "shall wax old," lit., "shall be made old," i.e., worn out; in Hbr 8:13 (2nd part), RV, "is becoming old" (AV "decayeth"); here and in the 1st part of the verse, the verb may have the meaning "to abrogate;" for the next verb in the verse, see No. 2.

D-2 Verb Strong's Number: g1095 Greek: gerasko


from geras, "old age" (akin to B, No. 1), "to grow old," is translated "thou shalt be old," in Jhn 21:18; "waxeth aged," Hbr 8:13, RV (AV, "waxeth old").


(1) In Jhn 8:57, echo, "to have," is used with "fifty years" as the object, signifying, "Thou art (not yet fifty years) old," lit., "Thou hast not yet fifty years."

(2) In Mar 5:42, RV, the verb eimi, "to be," with the phrase "of twelve years" is translated "was... old" (AV, "was of the age of").


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


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