I. IN THE FIRST VERSE PAUL DECLARES THAT HE IS SEPARATED UNTO THE GOSPEL OF GOD.
A. The word gospel means good news.
1. What is the good news of God?
a. It concerns His Son Jesus Christ who is our Lord.
b. It was promised by His prophets in the holy scriptures.
c. He was to be a descendant of David according to the flesh.
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
d. He was declared to be the Son of God with power by His resurrection from the dead.
e. Jesus stands above, separate and distinct from all other founders of religious systems in His resurrection from the dead.
B. This good news of God's offer of salvation to sinning man is the subject of the book of Romans.
1. Here in chapter 1 Paul will show to us that the whole world is guilty before God.
2. Chapter 2 will show that the Jews are as guilty as the Gentiles.
3. Chapter 3 shows us that the good news is that God has provided that all men may be justified by their faith in Jesus.
4. Chapter 4 he will show how that this has been the principle for justification all along.
5. Chapter 5 He will show us the results of justification by faith.
6. Chapter 6 will declare to us how that we are to be delivered from the power of the indwelling sin.
7. Chapter 7 will show to us the impossibility of self reformation.
8. Chapter 8 will show God's provision of His Spirit to enable us to do and be what we could not be in and of ourselves.
9. Chapter 9 shows how that by faith, the Gentiles attained a righteous standing before God whereas the Jews failed to attain that righteous standing because they sought it by the works of the law.
10. Paul shows that both Jew and Gentile must come to God through Jesus Christ, and that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
11. Chapter 11 shows that the Jews for the most part are blind to the good news of God, and that the Gentiles who have received must continue to stand in faith, the day is coming when God will remove the blindness from Israel.
12. Chapter 12 shows that man needs more than reformation, he needs transformation by the Spirit of God.
13. Shows that obedience and love are the fruit of this new life in the Spirit, and the law if fulfilled by our loving God foremost, and our neighbor as ourselves.
14. Gives examples of what it is to walk in love.
15. Is sort of a summation and 16 is personal greetings.
C. As you go through the book, I want you to underline what you think are the key verses. Write down what you think that it means to you.
II. PAUL CLAIMS THAT HE IS NOT ASHAMED OF THE GOOD NEWS OF THE MESSIAH.
A. In his early life Paul was caught up in a religious system where a persons relationship to God depended upon their good works.
1. Somehow we realize that no matter how good our works may be, we still come short of the glory of God.
2. In the seventh chapter Paul will describe the turmoil that he went through trying to attain God's approval through his works.
"I do things that I do not approve of. I don't do the things that I know I should. I hate the things that I am doing. In me, that is in my flesh there dwells no good thing. I desire to do good, but I can't seem to perform up to my desires. The good that I would, I don't do. The evil that I do not want to do, is what I am doing. There is a perverse law in me, that when I would do good evil is present with me. I am a wretched man. I need someone to help me.
3. He threw overboard all of the good works in his past when he came to the excellency of the knowledge of Jesus Christ, and considered them as refuse. They could not compare with the righteousness that God had imparted to him through Jesus Christ.
B. Paul was always more than happy to share that good news about Jesus Christ to anyone that would listen.
III. THIS GOOD NEWS IS THE POWER OF GOD UNTO SALVATION.
A. I think of the power of the gospel to transform a persons life.
1. I look around and see all the lives that have been transformed by the good news of Jesus Christ.
2. I think of the power of the gospel to free a person from the hold that Satan has on their lives.
3. Jesus can set you free from your bondage to your flesh.
a. From drugs.
b. From alcoholism.
c. From pornography.
B. We speak of salvation, what have I been saved from?
1. Saved from the power of Satan who once controlled my life and was destroying me.
2. In verse 18 Paul speaks how that the wrath of God is going to revealed from heaven against all the ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who hold the truth of God in unrighteousness.
a. I have been saved from the wrath of God that will come upon those who have rejected God's only provision for their sins.
b. Ungodliness is having a wrong relationship with God. The first table of the law tells of man's relationship with God.
And God spake all these words, saying,
I [am] the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth:
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
c. Unrighteousness is a wrong relationship with fellow man. This is encompassed in the second table of the law.
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that [is] thy neighbour's.
d. In the next chapter Paul will tell us that we have all sinned and come short of the glory of God.
e. He will also tell us that the wages of sin is death.
f. The good news is that I do not have to die for my sins. God sent His Son to die in my place so that I can be saved from the penalty of my sin.
C. To everyone that believeth.
1. God's offer of salvation is made to all men.
a. Jesus said, "That whosoever believeth in Me."
b. We used to sing a song whosoever surely meaneth me.
2. Believing is the key. It is by simply believing.