Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
HCSB Holman Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:




Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'


Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect

Connect on TwitterConnect on FacebookConnect on InstagramConnect on PinterestConnect on Google Plus

Receive our Blue Letter Bible Newsletter

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Isaiah 29

toggle collapse

The Book of the Prophet Isaiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET



      This chapter opens the series of prophecies as to the invasion of Judea under Sennacherib, and its deliverance.

      1. Ariel--Jerusalem; Ariel means "Lion of God," that is, city rendered by God invincible: the lion is emblem of a mighty hero ( 2Sa 23:20 ). Otherwise "Hearth of God," that is, place where the altar-fire continually burns to God ( Isa 31:9 Eze 43:15, 16 ).
      add. . . year to year--ironically; suffer one year after another to glide on in the round of formal, heartless "sacrifices." Rather, "add yet another year" to the one just closed [MAURER]. Let a year elapse and a little more ( Isa 32:10, Margin).
      let. . . kill sacrifices--rather, "let the beasts (of another year) go round" [MAURER]; that is, after the completion of a year "I will distress Ariel."

      2. Yet--rather, "Then."
      heaviness. . . sorrow--rather, preserving the Hebrew paronomasia, "groaning" and "moaning."
      as Ariel--either, "the city shall be as a lion of God," that is, it shall emerge from its dangers unvanquished; or "it shall be as the altar of burnt offering," consuming with fire the besiegers ( Isa 29:6 Isa 30:30 31:9 Lev 10:2 ); or best, as Isa 29:3 continues the threat, and the promise of deliverance does not come till Isa 29:4, "it shall be like a hearth of burning," that is, a scene of devastation by fire [G. V. SMITH]. The prophecy, probably, contemplates ultimately, besides the affliction and deliverance in Sennacherib's time, the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome, the dispersion of the Jews, their restoration, the destruction of the enemies that besiege the city ( Zec 14:2 ), and the final glory of Israel ( Isa 29:17-24 ).

      3. I--Jehovah, acting through the Assyrian, &c., His instruments ( Isa 10:5 ).
      mount--an artificial mound formed to out-top high walls ( Isa 37:33 ); else a station, namely, of warriors, for the siege.
      round about--not fully realized under Sennacherib, but in the Roman siege ( Luk 19:43 21:20 ).
      forts--siege-towers ( Deu 20:20 ).

      4. Jerusalem shall be as a captive, humbled to the dust. Her voice shall come from the earth as that of the spirit charmers or necromancers ( Isa 8:19 ), faint and shrill, as the voice of the dead was supposed to be. Ventriloquism was doubtless the trick caused to make the voice appear to come from the earth ( Isa 19:3 ). An appropriate retribution that Jerusalem, which consulted necromancers, should be made like them!

      5. Moreover--rather, "Yet"; yet in this extremity help shall come, and the enemy be scattered.
      strangers--foreign enemies, invaders ( Isa 25:2 ).
      it shall be--namely, the destruction of the enemy.
      at an instant--in a moment ( Isa 30:23 ).

      6. Thou--the Assyrian army.
      thunder, &c.--not literally, in the case of the Assyrians ( Isa 37:36 ); but figuratively for an awful judgment ( Isa 30:30 28:17 ). The ulterior fulfilment, in the case of the Jews' foes in the last days, may be more literal (see as to "earthquake," Zec 14:4 ).

      7. munition--fortress.

      8. Their disappointment in the very height of their confident expectation of taking Jerusalem shall be as great as that of the hungry man who in a dream fancies he eats, but awakes to hunger still ( Psa 73:20 ); their dream shall be dissipated on the fatal morning ( Isa 37:36 ).
      soul--simply his appetite: he is still thirsty.

      9. Stay--rather, "Be astounded"; expressing the stupid and amazed incredulity with which the Jews received Isaiah's announcement.
      wonder--The second imperative, as often ( Isa 8:9 ), is a threat; the first is a simple declaration of a fact, "Be astounded, since you choose to be so, at the prophecy, soon you will be amazed at the sight of the actual event" [MAURER].
      cry. . . out. . . cry--rather, "Be ye blinded (since you choose to be so, though the light shines all round you), and soon ye shall be blinded" in good earnest to your sorrow [MAURER], ( Isa 6:9, 10 ).
      not with wine--but with spiritual paralysis ( Isa 51:17, 21 ).
      ye. . . they--The change from speaking to, to speaking of them, intimates that the prophet turns away from them to a greater distance, because of their stupid unbelief.

      10. Jehovah gives them up judicially to their own hardness of heart (compare Zec 14:13 ). Quoted by Paul, with variations from the Septuagint, Rom 11:8. See Isa 6:10 Psa 69:23.
      eyes; the prophets, &c.--rather, "hath closed your eyes, the prophets; and your heads (Margin; see also Isa 3:2 ), the seers, He hath covered." The Orientals cover the head to sleep; thus "covered" is parallel to "closed your eyes" ( Jdg 4:19 ). Covering the face was also preparatory to execution ( Est 7:8 ). This cannot apply to the time when Isaiah himself prophesied, but to subsequent times.

      11. of all--rather, "the whole vision." "Vision" is the same here as "revelation," or "law"; in Isa 28:15, the same Hebrew word is translated, "covenant" [MAURER].
      sealed-- ( Isa 8:16 ), God seals up the truth so that even the learned, because they lack believing docility, cannot discern it ( Mat 13:10-17 11:25 ). Prophecy remained comparatively a sealed volume ( Dan 12:4, 9 ), until Jesus, who "alone is worthy," "opened the seals" ( Rev 5:1-5, 9 6:1 ).

      12. The unlearned succeed no better than the learned, not from want of human learning, as they fancy, but from not having the teaching of God ( Isa 54:13 Jer 31:34 Jhn 6:45 1Cr 2:7-10 1Jo 2:20 ).

      13. precept of men--instead of the precepts of God, given by His prophets; also worship external, and by rule, not heartfelt as God requires ( Jhn 4:24 ). Compare Christ's quotation of this verse from the Septuagint.

      14. ( Hab 1:5 Act 13:41 ). The "marvellous work" is one of unparalleled vengeance on the hypocrites: compare "strange work," Isa 28:21. The judgment, too, will visit the wise in that respect in which they most pride themselves; their wisdom shall be hid, that is, shall no longer appear, so as to help the nation in its distress (compare 1Cr 1:19 ).

      15. seek deep to hide--rather, "That seek to hide deeply," &c. (compare Isa 30:1, 2 ). The reference is to the secret plan which many of the Jewish nobles had of seeking Egyptian aid against Assyria, contrary to the advice of Isaiah. At the same time the hypocrite in general is described, who, under a plausible exterior, tries to hide his real character, not only from men, but even from God.

      16. Rather, "Ah! your perverseness! just as if the potter should be esteemed as the clay!" [MAURER]. Or, "Ye invert (turn upside down) the order of things, putting yourselves instead of God," and vice versa, just as if the potter should be esteemed as the clay [HORSLEY], ( Isa 45:9 64:8 ).

      17. turned--as contrasted with your "turnings of things upside down" ( Isa 29:16 ), there shall be other and better turnings or revolutions; the outpouring of the Spirit in the latter days ( Isa 32:15 ); first on the Jews; which shall be followed by their national restoration (see on JF & B for Isa 29:2; JF & B for Zec 12:10) then on the Gentiles ( Joe 2:28 ).
      fruitful field--literally, "a Carmel" (see on JF & B for Isa 10:18). The moral change in the Jewish nation shall be as great as if the wooded Lebanon were to become a fruitful field, and vice versa. Compare Mat 11:12, Greek: "the kingdom of heaven forces itself," as it were, on man's acceptance; instead of men having to seek Messiah, as they had John, in a desert, He presents Himself before them with loving invitations; thus men's hearts, once a moral desert, are reclaimed so as to bear fruits of righteousness: vice versa, the ungodly who seemed prosperous, both in the moral and literal sense, shall be exhibited in their real barrenness.

      18. deaf. . . blind--(Compare Mat 11:5 ). The spiritually blind, &c., are chiefly meant; "the book," as Revelation is called pre-eminently, shall be no longer "sealed," as is described ( Isa 29:11 ), but the most unintelligent shall hear and see ( Isa 35:5 ).

      19. meek--rather, the afflicted godly: the idea is, virtuous suffering ( Isa 61:1 Psa 25:9 37:11 ) [BARNES].
      poor among men--that is, the poorest of men, namely, the pious poor.
      rejoice--when they see their oppressors punished ( Isa 29:20, 21 ), and Jehovah exhibited as their protector and rewarder ( Isa 29:22-24 Isa 41:17 Jam 2:5 ).

      20. terrible--namely, the persecutors among the Jewish nobles.
      scorner-- ( Isa 28:14, 22 ).
      watch for--not only commit iniquity, but watch for opportunities of committing it, and make it their whole study (see Mic 2:1 Mat 26:59 27:1 ).

      21. Rather, "Who make a man guilty in his cause" [GESENIUS], that is, unjustly condemn him. "A man" is in the Hebrew a poor man, upon whom such unjust condemnations might be practiced with more impunity than on the rich; compare Isa 29:19, "the meek. . . the poor."
      him that reproveth--rather, "pleadeth"; one who has a suit at issue.
      gate--the place of concourse in a city, where courts of justice were held ( Rth 4:11 Pro 31:23 Amo 5:10, 12 ).
      just--one who has a just cause; or, Jesus Christ, "the Just One" [HORSLEY].
      for a thing of naught--rather, "through falsehood," "by a decision that is null in justice" [BARNES]. Compare as to Christ, Pro 28:21 Mat 26:15 Act 3:13, 14 8:33.

      22. Join "saith. . . concerning the house of Jacob."
      redeemed--out of Ur, a land of idolaters ( Jos 24:3 ).
      not now--After the moral revolution described ( Isa 29:17 ), the children of Jacob shall no longer give cause to their forefathers to blush for them.
      wax pale--with shame and disappointment at the wicked degeneracy of his posterity, and fear as to their punishment.

      23. But--rather, "For."
      work of mine hands--spiritually, as well as physically ( Isa 19:25 60:21 Eph 2:10 ). By Jehovah's agency Israel shall be cleansed of its corruptions, and shall consist wholly of pious men ( Isa 54:13, 14 2:1 60:21 ).
      midst of him--that is, his land. Or else "His children" are the Gentiles adopted among the Israelites, his lineal descendants ( Rom 9:26 Eph 3:6 ) [HORSLEY].

      24. They. . . that erred-- ( Isa 28:7 ).
      learn doctrine--rather, "shall receive discipline" or "instruction." "Murmuring" was the characteristic of Israel's rebellion against God ( Exd 16:8 Psa 106:25 ). This shall be so no more. Chastisements, and, in HORSLEY'S view, the piety of the Gentiles provoking the Jews to holy jealousy ( Rom 11:11, 14 ), shall then produce the desired effect.


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines


Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions





Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools


Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan


Video Tutorials


Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions


Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries


About the BLB

Statement of Faith




Ministry FAQs


Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites

BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters



Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible


Verse Tools Arrow

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username




Did you forget your password?

Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name


[ Cancel ]


Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username


Return to Login

Close Login