Home
Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVHCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
HCSB Holman Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Close
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:

facebooktwitter

googlepluspinterest

reddittumblrlinkedin


Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:

facebooktwitter

pinterestgoogle+


Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
 
 
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVHCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow
 [?]

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list


OR Select a range of biblical books

From:

To:


OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

LexiConc
 [?]
 

Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
 [?]
 
Multi-Verse Retrieval
x
Search KJV
KJVNKJVNLTNIVESVHCSBNASB
Version Selector Up Arrow NETRSVASVYLTDBYWEBHNV
RVR60VULWLCLXXmGNTTR  
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
 
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect
x

Connect on TwitterConnect on FacebookConnect on InstagramConnect on PinterestConnect on Google Plus

Receive our Blue Letter Bible Newsletter

Daily Devotionals
x

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans
x

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Isaiah 33

toggle collapse

The Book of the Prophet Isaiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET

CHAPTER 33

Isa 33:1-24. THE LAST OF ISAIAH'S PROPHECIES AS TO SENNACHERIB'S OVERTHROW.

      Isa 33:1, 8, 9, describe the Assyrian spoiler; strong as he is, he shall fall before Jehovah who is stronger ( Isa 33:2-6, 10-12 ). The time is the autumn of 713 B.C.

      1. and thou--that is, though thou wast not spoiled--though thou wast not dealt treacherously with (see on JF & B for Isa 24:16), thy spoiling and treachery are therefore without excuse, being unprovoked.
      cease--When God has let thee do thy worst, in execution of His plans, thine own turn shall come (compare Isa 10:12 14:2 Hab 2:8 Rev 13:10 ).

      2. us; we. . . their. . . our--He speaks interceding for His people, separating himself in thought for a moment from them, and immediately returns to his natural identification with them in the word "our."
      every morning--each day as it dawns, especially during our danger, as the parallel "time of trouble" shows.

      3. the tumult--the approach of Jehovah is likened to an advancing thunderstorm ( Isa 29:6 30:27 ), which is His voice ( Rev 1:15 ), causing the people to "flee."
      nation--the Assyrian levies.

      4. The invaders' "spoil" shall be left behind by them in their flight, and the Jews shall gather it.
      caterpillar--rather, "the wingless locust"; as it gathers; the Hebrew word for "gathers" is properly used of the gathering of the fruits of harvest ( Isa 32:10 ).
      running to and fro--namely, in gathering harvest fruits.
      he--rather, "they."
      them--rather, "it," that is, the prey.

      6. wisdom--sacred; that is, piety.
      thy--Hezekiah's; or rather, "Judea's." "His" refers to the same; such changes from the pronoun possessive of the second person to that of the third are common in Hebrew poetry.
      treasure--Not so much material wealth as piety shall constitute the riches of the nation ( Pro 10:22 15:16 ).

      7-9. From the vision of future glory Isaiah returns to the disastrous present; the grief of "the valiant ones" (parallel to, and identical with, "the ambassadors of peace"), men of rank, sent with presents to sue for peace, but standing "without" the enemy's camp, their suit being rejected ( 2Ki 18:14, 18, 37 ). The highways deserted through fear, the cities insulted, the lands devastated.
      cry-- ( Isa 15:4 ).

      8. broken. . . covenant--When Sennacherib invaded Judea, Hezekiah paid him a large sum to leave the land; Sennacherib received the money and yet sent his army against Jerusalem ( 2Ki 18:14, 17 ).
      despised--make slight of as unable to resist him ( Isa 10:9 36:19 ); easily captures them.

      9. ( Isa 24:4 ).
      Lebanon--personified; the allusion may be to the Assyrian cutting down its choice trees ( Isa 14:8 37:24 ).
      Sharon--south of Carmel, along the Mediterranean, proverbial for fertility ( Isa 35:2 ).
      Bashan--afterwards called Batanea ( Isa 2:13 ).
      fruits--rather, understand "leaves"; they lie as desolate as in winter.

      10. The sight of His people's misery arouses Jehovah; He has let the enemy go far enough.
      I--emphatic; God Himself will do what man could not.

      11. Ye--the enemy.
      conceive chaff-- ( Isa 26:18 59:4 ).
      your breath--rather, your own spirit of anger and ambition [MAURER], ( Isa 30:28 ).

      12. ( Isa 9:19 Amo 2:1 ). Perhaps alluding to their being about to be burnt on the funeral pyre ( Isa 30:33 ).
      thorns--the wicked ( 2Sa 23:6, 7 ).

      13. far off--distant nations.
      near--the Jews and adjoining peoples ( Isa 49:1 ).

      14. sinners in Zion--false professors of religion among the elect people ( Mat 22:12 ).
      hypocrites--rather, "the profane"; "the abandoned" [HORSLEY].
      who, &c.--If Jehovah's wrath could thus consume such a host in one night, who could abide it, if continued for ever ( Mar 9:46-48 )? Fire is a common image for the divine judgments ( Isa 29:6 30:30 ).
      among us--If such awful judgments have fallen on those who knew not the true God, how infinitely worse shall fall on us who, amid religious privileges and profession, sin against God, ( Luk 12:47, 48 Jam 4:17 )?

      15. In contrast to the trembling "sinners in Zion" ( Isa 33:14 ), the righteous shall be secure amid all judgments; they are described according to the Old Testament standpoint of righteousness ( Psa 15:2 24:4 ).
      stoppeth. . . ears. . . eyes--"Rejoiceth not in iniquity" ( 1Cr 13:6; contrast Isa 29:20 Psa 10:3 Rom 1:32 ). The senses are avenues for the entrance of sin ( Psa 119:37 ).

      16. on high--heights inaccessible to the foe ( Isa 26:1 ).
      bread. . . waters--image from the expected siege by Sennacherib; however besieged by trials without, the godly shall have literal and spiritual food, as God sees good for them ( Isa 41:17 Psa 37:25 34:10 132:15 ).

      17. Thine--the saints'.
      king in. . . beauty--not as now, Hezekiah in sackcloth, oppressed by the enemy, but King Messiah ( Isa 32:1 ) "in His beauty" ( Sgs 5:10, 16 Rev 4:3 ).
      land. . . very far off--rather, "the land in its remotest extent" (no longer pent up as Hezekiah was with the siege); see Margin. For Jerusalem is made the scene of the king's glory ( Isa 33:20, &c.), and it could not be said to be "very far off," unless the far-off land be heaven, the Jerusalem above, which is to follow the earthly reign of Messiah at literal Jerusalem ( Isa 65:17-19 Jer 3:17 Rev 21:1, 2, 10 ).

      18. meditate--on the "terror" caused by the enemy, but now past.
      where, &c.--the language of the Jews exulting over their escape from danger.
      scribe--who enrolled the army [MAURER]; or, who prescribed the tribute to be paid [ROSENMULLER]; or, who kept an account of the spoil. "The principal scribe of the host" ( 2Ki 25:19 Jer 52:25 ). The Assyrian records are free from the exaggerations of Egyptian records. Two scribes are seen in every Assyrian bas-relief, writing down the various objects brought to them, the heads of the slain, prisoners, cattle, sheep, &c.
      receiver--"weigher," Margin. LAYARD mentions, among the Assyrian inscriptions, "a pair a scales for weighing the spoils."
      counted. . . towers--he whose duty it was to reconnoitre and report the strength of the city to be besieged.

      19. fierce people--The Assyrians shall not be allowed to enter Jerusalem ( 2Ki 19:32 ). Or, thou shalt not any longer see fierce enemies threatening thee as previously; such as the Assyrians, Romans, and the last Antichristian host that is yet to assail Jerusalem ( Deu 28:49, 50 Jer 5:15 Zec 14:2 ).
      stammering--barbarous; so "deeper," &c., that is, unintelligible. The Assyrian tongue differed only in dialect from the Hebrew, but in the Assyrian levies were many of non-Semitic race and language, as the Medes, Elamites, &c. (see on JF & B for Isa 28:11).

      20. solemnities--solemn assemblies at the great feasts (see on JF & B for Isa 30:29; JF & B for Ps 42:4; JF & B for Ps 48:12).
      not. . . taken down. . . removed--image from captives "removed" from their land ( Isa 36:17 ). There shall be no more "taking away" to an enemy's land. Or else, from nomads living in shifting tents. The saints, who sojourned once in tabernacles as pilgrims, shall have a "building of God--eternal in the heavens" ( 2Cr 5:1 Hbr 11:9, 10; compare Isa 54:2 ).
      stakes--driven into the ground; to these the "cords" were fastened. Christ's Church shall never fall ( Mat 16:18 ). So individual believers ( Rev 3:12 ).

      21. there--namely, in Jerusalem.
      will be. . . rivers--Jehovah will be as a broad river surrounding our city (compare Isa 19:6 Nah 3:8 ), and this, too, a river of such a kind as no ship of war can pass (compare Isa 26:1 ). Jerusalem had not the advantage of a river; Jehovah will be as one to it, affording all the advantages, without any of the disadvantages of one.
      galley with oars--war vessels of a long shape, and propelled by oars; merchant vessels were broader and carried sail.
      gallant--same Hebrew word as for "glorious," previously; "mighty" will suit both places; a ship of war is meant. No "mighty vessel" will dare to pass where the "mighty Lord" stands as our defense.

      22. Lord--thrice repeated, as often: the Trinity ( Num 6:24-26 ).
      judge. . . lawgiver. . . king--perfect ideal of the theocracy, to be realized under Messiah alone; the judicial, legislative, and administrative functions as king to be exercised by Him in person ( Isa 11:4 32:1 Jam 4:12 ).

      23. tacklings--Continuing the allegory in Isa 33:21, he compares the enemies' host to a war galley which is deprived of the tacklings or cords by which the mast is sustained and the sail is spread; and which therefore is sure to be wrecked on "the broad river" ( Isa 33:21 ), and become the prey of Israel.
      they--the tacklings, "hold not firm the base of the mast."
      then--when the Assyrian host shall have been discomfited. Hezekiah had given Sennacherib three hundred talents of silver, and thirty of gold ( 2Ki 18:14-16 ), and had stripped the temple of its gold to give it to him; this treasure was probably part of the prey found in the foe's camp. After the invasion, Hezekiah had so much wealth that he made an improper display of it ( 2Ki 20:13-15 ); this wealth, probably, was in part got from the Assyrian.
      the lame--Even the most feeble shall spoil the Assyrian camp (compare Isa 35:6 2Sa 5:6 ).

      24. sick--SMITH thinks the allusion is to the beginning of the pestilence by which the Assyrians were destroyed, and which, while sparing the righteous, affected some within the city ("sinners in Zion"); it may have been the sickness that visited Hezekiah ( Isa 38:1-22 ). In the Jerusalem to come there shall be no "sickness," because there will be no "iniquity," it being forgiven ( Psa 103:3 ). The latter clause of the verse contains the cause of the former ( Mar 2:5-9 ).

CONTENT DISCLAIMER:

The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.

Search

Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines

Timelines

Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions

Multimedia

Video

Music

Products

Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools

Devotionals

Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan

Help

Video Tutorials

Support

Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions

Ministries

Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries

About

About the BLB

Statement of Faith

History

Newsletter

Partnerships

Ministry FAQs

Donate

Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites


BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters

Facebook

Twitter


Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible

Loading...

Interlinear
Bibles
Cross-Refs
Commentaries
Dictionaries
Miscellaneous
Verse Tools Arrow
Login

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username

Password

 [?]

 

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Did you forget your password?

Register a new BLB account

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name

PasswordRe-enter

[ Cancel ]

 

Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username

 

Return to Login

Close Login