Search Bible
Click for Help   Click for QuickNav   Click for Advanced Search Options
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups:
'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'

Your Bible Version is the KJV
Version Selector Up Arrow
KJV King James Version
NKJV New King James Version
NLT New Living Translation
NIV New International Version
ESV English Standard Version
CSB Christian Standard Bible
NASB New American Standard Bible
NET New English Translation
RSV Revised Standard Version
ASV American Standard Version
YLT Young's Literal Translation
DBY Darby Translation
WEB Webster's Bible
HNV Hebrew Names Version
RVR60 Reina-Valera 1960
VUL Latin Vulgate
WLC Westminster Leningrad Codex
LXX Septuagint
Go to Top
Link to This PageCite This Page
Version Selector Up Arrow
Version Selector Up Arrow

Cite this page

MLA format Copy link to clipboard

Note: MLA no longer requires the URL as part of their citation standard. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs.

APA format Copy link to clipboard
Chicago format Copy link to clipboard
Share this pageFollow the BLB
Version Selector Up Arrow

Share this page using one of these tools:




Or email this page to a friend:

Version Selector Up Arrow

Follow the Blue Letter Bible on:



Or subscribe to our Newsletter:

Printable Page
Left Contextbar EdgeLeft Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge2Prior BookPrior ChapterReturn to CommentariesReturn to Author BiographyNext ChapterNext BookRight Contextbar Edge2Right Contextbar Edge BackgroundRight Contextbar Edge1
Choose a new font size and typeface

Customize your font sizeIncrease your font sizeDecrease your font sizeReturn to default font size

Choose a Bible text color
Read the Bible in blackRead the Bible in dark blueRead the Bible in blue

Customize your text type
Arial font
Trebuchet MS font
Georgia font
Times New Roman font

Customize your Hebrew text type
SBL Hebrew font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Customize your Greek text type
Gentium font
Times New Roman font
Arial font

Close font preferences
The Blue Letter Bible
BLB Searches
Search the Bible
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Advanced Options

Search a pre-defined list

OR Select a range of biblical books



OR Custom Selection:

Use semicolons to separate groups: 'Gen;Jdg;Psa-Mal' or 'Rom 3-12;Mat 1:15;Mat 5:12-22'


Advanced Options

Exact Match
Beginning of the Word
Any Part of the Word
Theological FAQs
Multi-Verse Retrieval
Search KJV
Version Selector Down Arrow

Line-By-Line Order:
Line-By-Line Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Line-By-Line Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Line-By-Line Separate Line  Separate Line
Line-By-Line Verse Only  Verse Only
Line-By-Line Reference Only  Reference Only
Reference Delimiters:
No Reference Delimiters  None — Jhn 1:1 KJV
Square Reference Delimiters  Square — [Jhn 1:1 KJV]
Curly Reference Delimiters  Curly — {Jhn 1:1 KJV}
Parenthesis Reference Delimiters  Parens — (Jhn 1:1 KJV)
Paragraph Order:
Paragraph Verse-Reference  Verse-Reference
Paragraph Reference-Verse  Reference-Verse
Paragraph Reference-Only  Reference-Only
Number Delimiters:*
No Verse Numbers  No Number
No Verse Delimeters  No Delimiter — 15
Square Verse Delimiters  Square — [15]
Curly Verse Delimiters  Curly — {15}
Parenthesis Verse Delimiters  Parens — (15)
Other Options:
Abbreviate Books  Abbreviate Books
Quotes Around Verses  Quotes around Verses
Remove Square Brackets  Remove Square Brackets
Sort Canonically  Sort Canonically

* 'Number Delimiters' only apply to 'Paragraph Order'

Let's Connect

Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter Connect on Instagram Connect on Pinterest Connect on YouTube

Subscribe to our Newsletter

Daily Devotionals

Blue Letter Bible offers several daily devotional readings in order to help you refocus on Christ and the Gospel of His peace and righteousness.

Daily Bible Reading Plans

Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one’s mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year.

One-Year Plans

Two-Year Plan

Jamieson, Fausset & Brown :: Commentary on Lamentations 2

toggle collapse

Lamentations of Jeremiah

Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET


Lam 2:1-22.


      1. How--The title of the collection repeated here, and in Lam 4:1.
      covered. . . with a cloud--that is, with the darkness of ignominy.
      cast down from heaven unto. . . earth-- ( Mat 11:23 ); dashed down from the highest prosperity to the lowest misery.
      beauty of Israel--the beautiful temple ( Psa 29:2 74:7 96:9, Margin; Isa 60:7 64:11 ).
      his footstool--the ark (compare 1Ch 28:2, with Psa 99:5 132:7 ). They once had gloried more in the ark than in the God whose symbol it was; they now feel it was but His "footstool," yet that it had been a great glory to them that God deigned to use it as such.


      2. polluted--by delivering it into the hands of the profane foe. Compare Psa 89:39, "profaned. . . crown."


      3. horn--worn in the East as an ornament on the forehead, and an emblem of power and majesty ( 1Sa 2:10 Psa 132:17; see on JF & B for Jer 48:25).
      drawn back. . . fight hand-- ( Psa 74:11 ). God has withdrawn the help which He before gave them. Not as HENDERSON, "He has turned back his (Israel's) right hand" ( Psa 89:43 ).


      4. ( Isa 63:10 ).
      stood with. . . right hand--He took His stand so as to use His right hand as an adversary. HENDERSON makes the image to be that of an archer steadying his right hand to take aim. Not only did He withdraw His help, but also took arms against Israel.
      all. . . pleasant to. . . eye-- ( Eze 24:25 ). All that were conspicuous for youth, beauty, and rank.
      in. . . tabernacle--the dwellings of Jerusalem.


      5. an enemy-- ( Jer 30:14 ).
      mourning and lamentation--There is a play of similar sounds in the original, "sorrow and sadness," to heighten the effect ( Job 30:3, Hebrew; Eze 35:3, Margin).


      6. tabernacle--rather, "He hath violently taken away His hedge (the hedge of the place sacred to Him, Psa 80:12 89:40 Isa 5:5 ), as that of a garden" [MAURER]. CALVIN supports English Version, "His tabernacle (that is, temple) as (one would take away the temporary cottage or booth) of a garden." Isa 1:8 accords with this ( Job 27:18 ).
      places of. . . assembly--the temple and synagogues ( Psa 74:7, 8 ).
      solemn feasts-- ( Lam 1:4 ).


      7. they. . . made a noise in. . . house of. . . Lord, as in. . . feast--The foe's shout of triumph in the captured temple bore a resemblance (but oh, how sad a contrast as to the occasion of it!) to the joyous thanksgivings we used to offer in the same place at our "solemn feasts" (compare Lam 2:22 ).


      8. stretched. . . a line--The Easterns used a measuring-line not merely in building, but in destroying edifices ( 2Ki 21:13 Isa 34:11 ); implying here the unsparing rigidness with which He would exact punishment.


      9. Her gates cannot oppose the entrance of the foe into the city, for they are sunk under a mass of rubbish and earth.
      broken. . . bars-- ( Jer 51:30 ).
      her king. . . among. . . Gentiles-- ( Deu 28:36 ).
      law. . . no more-- ( 2Ch 15:3 ). The civil and religious laws were one under the theocracy. "All the legal ordinances (prophetical as well as priestly) of the theocracy, are no more" ( Psa 74:9 Eze 7:26 ).


      10. ( Job 2:12, 13 ). The "elders," by their example, would draw the others to violent grief.
      the virgins--who usually are so anxious to set off their personal appearances to advantage.


      11. liver is poured, &c.--that is, as the liver was thought to be the seat of the passions, "all my feelings are poured out and prostrated for," &c. The "liver," is here put for the bile ("gall," Job 16:13; "bowels," Psa 22:14 ) in a bladder on the surface of the liver, copiously discharged when the passions are agitated.
      swoon--through faintness from the effects of hunger.


      12. as the wounded--famine being as deadly as the sword ( Jer 52:6 ).
      soul. . . poured. . . into. . . mothers bosom--Instinctively turning to their mother's bosom, but finding no milk there, they breathe out their life as it were "into her bosom."


      13. What thing shall I take to witness--What can I bring forward as a witness, or instance, to prove that others have sustained as grievous ills as thou? I cannot console thee as mourners are often consoled by showing that thy lot is only what others, too, suffer. The "sea" affords the only suitable emblem of thy woes, by its boundless extent and depth ( Lam 1:12 Dan 9:12 ).


      14. Thy prophets--not God's ( Jer 23:26 ).
      vain. . . for thee--to gratify thy appetite, not for truth, but for false things.
      not discovered thine iniquity--in opposition to God's command to the true prophets ( Isa 58:1 ). Literally, "They have not taken off (the veil) which was on thine iniquity, so as to set it before thee."
      burdens--Their prophecies were soothing and flattering; but the result of them was heavy calamities to the people, worse than even what the prophecies of Jeremiah, which they in derision called "burdens," threatened. Hence he terms their pretended prophecies "false burdens," which proved to the Jews "causes of their banishment" [CALVIN].


      15. clap. . . hands--in derision ( Job 27:23 34:37 ).
      wag. . . head-- ( 2Ki 19:21 Psa 44:14 ).
      perfection of beauty. . . joy of. . . earth-- ( Psa 48:2 50:2 ). The Jews' enemies quote their very words in scorn.


      16, 17. For the transposition of Hebrew letters (Pe and Ain, Lam 2:16, 17 ) in the order of verses, see JF & B for Introduction.
      opened. . . mouth--as ravening, roaring wild beasts ( Job 16:9, 10 Psa 22:13 ). Herein Jerusalem was a type of Messiah.
      gnash. . . teeth--in vindictive malice.
      we have seen it-- ( Psa 35:21 ).


      17. Lord--Let not the foe exult as if it was their doing. It was "the Lord" who thus fulfilled the threats uttered by His prophets for the guilt of Judea ( Lev 26:16-25 Deu 28:36-48, 53 Jer 19:9 ).


      18. wall-- ( Lam 2:8 ). Personified. "Their heart," that is, the Jews'; while their heart is lifted up to the Lord in prayer, their speech is addressed to the "wall" (the part being put for the whole city).
      let tears, &c.-- ( Jer 14:17 ). The wall is called on to weep for its own ruin and that of the city. Compare the similar personification ( Lam 1:4 ).
      apple--the pupil of the eye ( Psa 17:8 ).


      19. cry. . . in. . . night-- ( Psa 119:147 ).
      beginning of. . . watches--that is, the first of the three equal divisions (four hours each) into which the ancient Jews divided the night; namely, from sunset to ten o'clock. The second was called "the middle watch" ( Jdg 7:19 ), from ten till two o'clock. The third, "the morning watch," from two to sunrise ( Exd 14:24 1Sa 11:11 ). Afterwards, under the Romans, they had four watches ( Mat 14:25 Luk 12:38 ).
      for. . . thy. . . children--that God, if He will not spare thee, may at least preserve "thy young children."
      top of. . . street-- ( Isa 51:20 Nah 3:10 ).


      20. women eat. . . fruit--as threatened ( Lev 26:29 Deu 28:53, 56, 57 Jer 19:9 ).
      children. . . span long--or else, "children whom they carry in their arms" [MAURER].


      21. ( 2Ch 36:17 ).


      22. Thou hast called as in. . . solemn day. . . terrors--Thou hast summoned my enemies against me from all quarters, just as multitudes used to be convened to Jerusalem, on the solemn feast days. The objects, for which the enemies and the festal multitude respectively met, formed a sad contrast. Compare Lam 1:15 : "called an assembly against me."


The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Since the text and audio content provided by BLB represent a range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry.


Bible Search

Multiverse Retrieval

LexiConc Search

FAQ Search

Browse Dictionary Topics

Bible Reference

Encyclopedias / Dictionaries

Introductions to the Bible

Topical Indexes

Charts and Outlines


Maps / Images

Bible Commentaries

Text Commentaries

Audio & Video Commentaries

Theological Resources

Articles / Books

Women's Resources

Don Stewart

BLB Theological

Creeds, Catechisms, and Confessions





Digital Books

Mobile Apps for iPhone / iPad

Mobile blb.org

BLB Offline CDs

Free Web Tools


Email Devotional Sign-Up

BLB Daily Promises

Day by Day by Grace

Morning and Evening

Daily Bible Reading Plan


Video Tutorials


Theological Questions

Website Support

iApp Support

General Questions


Sowing Circle

Co-Laboring Ministries


About the BLB

Statement of Faith




Ministry FAQs


Donation Information

Contact the BLB

Hotjar - Unlimited insights from your web and mobile sites

BLB Institute

BLB Blog

Email Newsletters



Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding.

Blue Letter Bible is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization

©2017 Blue Letter Bible


Verse Tools Arrow

Email / username or password was incorrect!

Check your email for password retrieval

Enter Your
Email or Username




Did you forget your password?

Register a new BLB account

Why won't my login from the old site work?

Complete the form below to register  [?]

Error: That Email is already registered

Error: Please provide a valid Email

Error: Passwords should have at least 6 characters

Error: Passwords do not match

Error: Please provide a valid first name

Error: That username is already taken

Error: Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores

Enter Your EmailUsername

First Name


[ Cancel ]


Passwords should have at least 6 characters.
Usernames should only contain letters, numbers, dots, dashes, or underscores.

Thank you for registering. A verification email has been sent to the address you provided.

Error: That Email / Username is not registered

Enter Your Email or Username


Return to Login

Close Login