Intro. Webster's Dictionary defines redeem as: To ransom, free or rescue by paying a price; To free from the consequences of sin. Some of the synonyms for redeem are, reclaim, recover, regain, rescue, save. These all describe what God has done for the sinner.
I. THE NEED OF REDEMPTION.
A. Man had sinned, he ate the fruit of the tree that God commanded he should not eat.
1. God had declared that if he ate of the tree, he would surely die.
2. The consequence of the action of Adam and Eve was death.
B. By his action, Adam had become a slave of Satan, in the kingdom of death and darkness.
1. There was nothing that Adam could do to set himself free.
2. His action was irreversible, having once sinned, he could never make himself innocent again.
3. He may strive the rest of his life to be good, but he could not undo what he had done.
C. One of the results of his transgression was the loss of his innocence, he thus became aware of his nakedness.
1. He was now body conscious.
2. That is a sad byproduct of sin, this body awareness.
D. His spirit now dead, the body ruled over his mind.
1. The lusts of his flesh now began to rule his life.
2. He was now living like the beasts, he was living on the animal plane of existence.
II. ADAM'S ATTEMPT TO COVER HIS SIN.
A. Adam and Eve sewed fig leaves together to try to cover their nakedness.
1. Have you ever felt a fig leaf? They are sort of scratchy.
2. When you pick off a fig leaf, a white sap oozes out the stem that is sort of like a sticky glue.
3. I am certain that their covering was not the most pleasant in the world.
B. This is where we read in our text, that God made them coats of skins.
1. God gave them fur coats.
2. This necessitated the death of an animal.
3. This is the beginning of animal sacrifices to make a covering for sin.
4. The Hebrew word is Kophar, which means covering, and is translated in the Old Testament as atonement.
C. By making a covering for their nakedness with coats of skins, God was indicating that man needed to sacrifice an animal to cover the guilt of his sin.
1. The consequence of sin was death.
2. An animal could be substituted for the guilty sinner.
D. Very early in the history of man, the sacrifices of animals to the the Lord was begun to be practiced as a covering for the guilt of sin.
And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD.
And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
E. In obedience to the commandment of God to Abraham to offer his son his only son Issac as a burnt offering sacrifice, as Abraham in faith was about to obey the commandment of God, God stopped him and directed him to a ram, caught by it's horns in a thicket, and Abraham was told to offer the ram in the place of his son.
1. From this developed further the idea that an animal could be offered as sacrifice instead of the son.
2. We see how this was codified in the law.
And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance, while he doeth [somewhat against] any of the commandments of the LORD [concerning things] which ought not to be done, and be guilty;
Or if his sin, which he hath sinned, come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned.
And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay the sin offering in the place of the burnt offering.
And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and put [it] upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the altar.
And the priest shall make an atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
3. It should be noted that the animal sacrifice could make a covering for sin, however it could not put away the sin.
4. The idea of covering no doubt came from the fact that God covered their nakedness with the skins of animals.
III. GOD ESTABLISHED LAWS OF REDEMPTION.
A. The law for the redemption of property.
The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land [is] mine; for ye [are] strangers and sojourners with me.
And in all the land of your possession ye shall grant a redemption for the land.
If thy brother be waxen poor, and hath sold away [some] of his possession, and if any of his kin come to redeem it, then shall he redeem that which his brother sold.
And if the man have none to redeem it, and himself be able to redeem it;
Then let him count the years of the sale thereof, and restore the overplus unto the man to whom he sold it; that he may return unto his possession.
B. The law for the redemption of a person.
If a sojourner or stranger wax rich by thee, and thy brother [that dwelleth] by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger [or] sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger's family:
After that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him:
Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or [any] that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem himself.
C. Both of laws come into play in the redemption provided by Jesus.
1. First He became a man that he might be next of kin.
2. He came to redeem the world from Satan.
a. Satan knew this and offered Him the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them if Jesus would just bow down and worship him.
b. In the kingdom parables Jesus said, "The kingdom of heaven is like a man going through a field and discovering a treasure, and with joy he goes out and sells everything that He might buy that field so as to obtain the treasure."
c. In parables what is the field? "Now the field is the world." Who gave up everything He had in order to purchase this world? Jesus
3. He came to redeem man from the bondage for sin.
a. Again the law of God must be fulfilled that required death for the transgressor.
b. Jesus took our sins upon Himself, and paid for our sins by dying in our place.
c. "All we like sheep had gone astray, we had turned everyone of us to our own way, but God laid on Him the iniquities of us all."
d. "God made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin that we might be made the righteousness of God through Him."
e. Unlike the animal sacrifices that could only cover our sins, by the death of Jesus, the Son of God, our sins have been put away.
f. There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus.
g. Jesus said,
For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. (redeemed)
He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.
h. As we go through the Bible, you will find the story of redemption woven through it's pages.